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Plant Echinacea purpurea (Asteraceae)

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Common name(s)
Eastern Purple-Coneflower, Echinacea, Purple-Coneflower
How used
Medicinal

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# Activity Chemical Name Part Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
0 13-HYDROXY-OCTADECA-CIS-9-TRANS-11-CIS-15-TRIENNOIC-ACID Shoot -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2,3-DICAFFEOYL-TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- 3400.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-CAFFEOYL-3-COUMAROYL-TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- 120.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-CAFFEOYL-3-FERULOYL-TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- 1600.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-CAFFEOYL-TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- 1000.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-FERULOYL-TARTARIC-ACID Shoot -- 400.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3,4-EPOXY-TRIDECA-1,5-DIENE-7,9,11-TRIYNE Root 800.0 11000.0 1.00 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3,4-EPOXY-TRIDECA-1,5-DIENE-7,9,11-TRIYNE Stem -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 4-O-METHYL-GLUCURONOARABINOXYLAN Shoot -- 2600.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
5 ALUMINUM Root 197.0 786.0 0.11 *
6 ARABINOGALACTAN Shoot -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
6 ARABINOGALACTAN Tissue Culture -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Root 212.0 843.0 -0.16 *
0 ASH Root 20080.0 80000.0 0.36 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Root 0.6 2.2 -0.42 *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Root -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
14 BETAINE Plant -- -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
14 BETAINE Root -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
35 BORNEOL Shoot -- -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
12 BORNYL-ACETATE Shoot -- -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.