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Plant Aesculus hippocastanum (Hippocastanaceae)

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Common name(s)
Horse Chestnut
How used
Medicinal

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# Activity Chemical Name Part Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
30 (+)-CATECHIN Bark -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
30 (+)-CATECHIN Leaf -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
30 (+)-CATECHIN Fruit Epidermis -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 (+)-PINITOL Pericarp -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Seed Coat 816.3 4000.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Bark -- -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Fruit Epidermis -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
38 (-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 (-)-QUERBRACHITOL Pericarp -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 (-)-QUINIC-ACID Pericarp -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 1,8-CINEOL Flower Essent. Oil -- 66000.0 -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 1-KESTOSE Seed -- -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 16-DESOXY-BARRINGTOGENOL Seed -- -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
0 2,3-DIMETHYL-HEPT-5-EN-1-AL Flower Essent. Oil -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-CARBOXYARABINITOL Leaf -- 11.0 -0.86 Jim Duke's personal files.
0 2-KESTOSE Seed -- -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
0 2-METHYL-BUTEN-1-AL Flower Essent. Oil -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 24-METHYLENE-CYCLOARTENOL Seed Oil -- -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
0 3',4',7-TRIMETHYL-ETHER Plant -- -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
0 3,5-DIHYDROXY-3',4'7-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE Plant -- -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.