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Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical databases facilitate in-depth plant, chemical, bioactivity, and ethnobotany searches using scientific or common names. Search results can be downloaded in PDF or spreadsheet form. Of interest to pharmaceutical, nutritional, and biomedical research, as well alternative therapies and herbal products.


Key: A= Biological Activity C= Chemical E= Ethnobotany Plant P= Plant S= Syndrome U= Ethnobotany Use
P Pinus cembroides (Mexican Pinyon)
P Pinus echinata (Shortleaf Pine)
P Pinus edulis (Pinyon Pine)
P Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine)
P Pinus gerardiana (Chilgoza Pine)
P Pinus insularis (Khasi Pine)
P Pinus kesiya (Khasi Pine)
P Pinus mugo (Dwarf Pine; Swiss Mountain Pine)
P Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine)
P Pinus pinea (Italian Stone Pine; Pignolia)
P Pinus roxburghii (Chir Pine; Himalayan Longleaf)
P Pinus strobus (Eastern White Pine; White Pine)
P Pinus sylvestris (Scotch Pine)
P Pinus walliciana (Bhutan Pine)
E Pinus ponderosa (Ponderosa Pine)
E Pinus caribaea (Pin; Pino)
E Pinus occidentalis (Bois Chandelle; Bois Pin; Pin; Pinchipin; Pino; Pino De Cuaba)
E Pinus sp (Pine; Sung Chieh; Sung Chieh Chiu; Sung Hsiang; Sung Hua; Sung Huang; Sung Yeh Chiu)