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Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical databases facilitate in-depth plant, chemical, bioactivity, and ethnobotany searches using scientific or common names. Search results can be downloaded in PDF or spreadsheet form. Of interest to pharmaceutical, nutritional, and biomedical research, as well alternative therapies and herbal products.


Key: A= Biological Activity C= Chemical E= Ethnobotany Plant P= Plant S= Syndrome U= Ethnobotany Use
P Ilex paraguariensis (Mate; Paraguay Tea; South American Holly)
E Ilex paraguariensis (Mate; Paraguay Cayi)
E Ilex cornuta (Chio Tz'U Ch'A; Kou Ku; Lao Hu Tz'U; Lao Shu Tz'U; Mao Erh T'Zu)
E Ilex verticillata (Aliso Negro; Aune Grisatre; Auzano; Black Alder; Black Aldewr; Feverbush; Hulststruik; Quirliger Hulsstrauch)
E Ilex aquifolium (Acebo; Acebo Comun; Cobanpuskulu; European Holly; Holly; Houx)
E Quercus ilex (Encina; Encino; Pirnar Mesesi)
E Ilex opaca (American Holly; Holly)
E Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon)
E Ilex macfadyenii (Feuilles Houx; Houx; Petit Houx)
E Ilex montana (Houx)
E Ilex cymosa (Mensirah; Mesirah puteh; Tima-tima)
E Ilex macrophylla (Menserah)