An official website of the United States government.

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.

Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical databases facilitate in-depth plant, chemical, bioactivity, and ethnobotany searches using scientific or common names. Search results can be downloaded in PDF or spreadsheet form. Of interest to pharmaceutical, nutritional, and biomedical research, as well alternative therapies and herbal products.

Key: A= Biological Activity C= Chemical E= Ethnobotany Plant P= Plant S= Syndrome U= Ethnobotany Use
P Echinacea purpurea (Echinacea)
P Echinacea angustifolia (Echinacea)
P Echinacea pallida (Echinacea)
P Echinacea spp (Echinacea)
E Echinacea angustifolia (Coneflower; Roter Sonnenhut; Rudbeckie Rouge; Black Sampson; Zonnehoed)
E Echinacea pallida (Coneflower)
P Spondias purpurea (Purple Jobo; Purple Plum)
P Tephrosia purpurea (Purple Tephrosia; Wild Indigo)
P Digitalis purpurea (Purple Foxglove)
E Sarracenia purpurea (Pitchrplant; Bekerplant; Nepente; Kannenstrauch; Saddleplant; Piante Da Brocche; Periok Kera)
E Bauhinia purpurea (Tapak kuda)