An official website of the United States government.

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.

Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical databases facilitate in-depth plant, chemical, bioactivity, and ethnobotany searches using scientific or common names. Search results can be downloaded in PDF or spreadsheet form. Of interest to pharmaceutical, nutritional, and biomedical research, as well alternative therapies and herbal products.

Key: A= Biological Activity C= Chemical E= Ethnobotany Plant P= Plant S= Syndrome U= Ethnobotany Use
E Centaurea montana (Berg Centaurie; Bleuet Vivace; Centauree De Montagne; Mountain Centaury)
P Centaurea calcitrapa (Star-Thistle)
P Centaurea cyanus (Bachelor's Button; Cornflower)
E Centaurea cyanus (A'Nber; Aciano; Mawi Pighember Chichegi; Peygamber Cicegi; Sentoria)
E Centaurea centaurium (Buyuk Kantaron; Centaury)
E Centaurea calcitrapa (Abre Puno; Abrojo; Calcatreppolo; Calcitrapa; Cardo Estrelado; Chardon Etoile; Chausse Trape; Common Star Thistle; Ippof)
E Centaurea jacea (Kara Kantaron)
E Centaurea nigra (Black Knapweed; Centauree Noire; Knapweed; Zwarte Knoop)
E Centaurea aspera (Centaura Aspera)
E Centaurea solstitialis (Yellow Star Thistle)
E Centaurea acaulis (Ardjikna)
E Centaurea monantha (Lou Lu)
E Centaurea salonitana (Centaurion)
E Centaurea scabiosa (Buyuk Kantaron; Scabieuse)
E Centaurea cyaneus (Cornflour)