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Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical databases facilitate in-depth plant, chemical, bioactivity, and ethnobotany searches using scientific or common names. Search results can be downloaded in PDF or spreadsheet form. Of interest to pharmaceutical, nutritional, and biomedical research, as well alternative therapies and herbal products.


Key: A= Biological Activity C= Chemical E= Ethnobotany Plant P= Plant S= Syndrome U= Ethnobotany Use
E Pinus edulis (Trememtina De Pinon)
E Pinus montana (Mountain Pine)
E Pinus mugo (Karpathen Den; Krummholz; Mugo; Pin De Montagne; Pino Negro)
E Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine; Sarala)
E Pinus pimilio (Dwarf Pine)
E Pinus strobus (Pin Noir; Schwarzer Kiefer; Sutorobu-Matu; Weymouth Den; White Pine)
E Pinus roxburghii (Sarala)
E Pinus pinaster (Kaigan-Sho; Pinaster; Pinheiro; Pino Maritimo)
E Pinus silvestris (Pino Albar)
E Pinus taeda (Loblolly Pine)
E Pinus quadrifolia (Pinon)
E Pinus koraiensis (Hai Sung; Haisung; Tyosen-Goyo)
E Pinus sylvestris (Colophonium; Scotch Pine)
E Pinus australis (Longleaf Pine; Pitch Pine Kiefer)
E Pinus densiflora (Aka-Matu(Me-Matu); Ch'Ih Sung)