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ActivityReference
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM)=20
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
AFZELIN IC50=2.8 mM
ASTRAGALIN ID50=180 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=7.7 mM/l
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
QUERCITRIN IC50=0.67 mM/
Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE 8 ug/kg
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Mao, X. M., Zhang, J. Q. 1993. Inhibition of Aldose Reductase by Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi , 18(10): 623-624.
Chemicals (6)
ASTRAGALIN IC30=1 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 100 uM
QUERCETIN 100 uM
QUERCITRIN IC50=2 uM
SPIRAEOSIDE IC9=1 uM
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN IC82=1 mM
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-IONONE
BETA-IONONE
QUERCETIN
Analgesic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
PHENOL
SAFROLE
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.73 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
Antiaggregant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 333.
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL 30 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
SAFROLE IC50=110 uM
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (3)
ELLAGITANNIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
QUERCETIN
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiasthmatic Watt, J.M., and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. 1962.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (9)
BETA-IONONE MIC=200 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20-500 ug/ml
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
SAFROLE
Antibronchitic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
Anticarcinomic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID ED50=3
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-IONONE MIC=100 ug/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
QUERCETIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Antiedemic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antielastase
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antifeedant Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Chemicals (4)
ISOQUERCITRIN
MYRICETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCITRIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
Antifertility Kumar, P., Dixit*, V.P., and Khanna, P. Antifertility Studies of Kaempferol: Isolation and Identification from Tissue Culture of some Medicinally Important Plant Species. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 193-201, 1989.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Antigastric
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antigonadotrophic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antihepatomic
Chemicals (1)
SAPONINS
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID EC50=>10 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
AntiHIV
Chemicals (4)
ELLAGITANNIN
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihydrocoele Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antiincontinence Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiinflammatory Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
Chemicals (7)
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 mg/kg
LEUCODELPHINIDIN
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
QUERCITRIN
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID EC50=4.4 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=64
Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
Chemicals (3)
ASTRAGALIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antimalarial Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-IONONE IC50=140 uM/l
QUERCETIN
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiMRSA
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
AntiMS Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antimutagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (6)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL ID50=10-40 nM
MYRICETIN ID50=2-5 nM
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
QUERCITRIN ID50=2-5 nM
SAPONINS
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
LEUCODELPHINIDIN
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (3)
CHOLINE
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCETIN
Antionychogryphotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antioxidant Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (10)
ELLAGITANNIN
GALLIC-ACID IC44=33 ppm
HAMAMELITANNIN
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
KAEMPFEROL IC50=40 uM
MYRICETIN IC99=200 ppm
PHENOL
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
QUERCITRIN IC50=120 uM
SPIRAEOSIDE
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antiperiodontitic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=69 uM
QUERCETIN
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 10 nM
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (2)
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
Antiproteolytic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antipyruvetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiradicular Planta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
KAEMPFEROL 7 x quercetin
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (5)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
PHENOL
SAFROLE
Antiserotonin
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 200 mg/kg ipr rat
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Antispastic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN 0.41%
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
Antitumor
Chemicals (7)
BETA-IONONE
ELLAGITANNIN
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 10 uM
QUERCITRIN
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
SAPONINS
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
SAPONINS
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Yasukawa, K., Takido, M., Takeuchi, M., Sato, Y., Nitta, K., and Nakagawa, S. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Flavonol Glycosides on 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-Induced Tumor Promotion. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(3): 774-776, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Antiviral
Chemicals (6)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
MYRICETIN
PHENOL
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
QUERCITRIN
Antiwrinkle Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 60 uM
MYRICETIN 60 uM
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL IC12=1 uM/l
Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bacteristat
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE IC50=58 uM
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (9)
BETA-IONONE
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
SAFROLE
Candidicide
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN MIC=150 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Capillarigenic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
LEUCOCYANIDIN
QUERCETIN
Carcinogenic Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Chemicals (5)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
PHENOL
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
SAFROLE
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Cardiotoxic
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGITANNIN
GALLO-TANNIN
Carminative
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN
QUINIC-ACID
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
PHENOL
QUERCITRIN
SAFROLE
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Controlled HerbalGram No. 20, page 15.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN <40 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN 200 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM) =20
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
BETA-IONONE
SAFROLE
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
Cytotoxic Planta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID 500 uM
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Detoxicant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Diuretic List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (4)
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN
QUERCITRIN
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
Expectorant
Chemicals (1)
ASTRAGALIN
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Fungicide
Chemicals (5)
ACETALDEHYDE
BETA-IONONE
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Hemolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL 5,400 ppm
Hemostat
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Hepatocarcinogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
CHOLINE
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL IC50=5.46 uM
QUERCETIN
Hepatoregenerative CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Garcia, J., Morin,* C., Nyasse, B., Sondengam, B-L., Tchouankeu, J-C., and Tsamo, E. Complete Structural Assignments Of An Ergosterol Derivative From Entandrophragma utile. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 136-142, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=50-150 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hypocholesterolemic Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-IONONE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (3)
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
QUERCITRIN
Hypotensive
Chemicals (5)
ASTRAGALIN
CHOLINE
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN
Hypothermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
SAPONINS
Immunostimulant McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (3)
ASTRAGALIN
ELLAGITANNIN
GALLIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=<15 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCITRIN
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Interferonogenic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN IC50=2.6-3.5 mM/kg diet
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Mutagenic
Chemicals (4)
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN
SAFROLE
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-IONONE MLC=1 mg/ml
SAFROLE MLC=1 mg/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID IC-26=250 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=13.9 uM
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
P450-1A-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-IONONE
P450-2B-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-IONONE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
BETA-IONONE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Paralytic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Pediculicide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
Perfume Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-IONONE
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 4-25
SAFROLE
Pesticide
Chemicals (10)
ACETALDEHYDE
BETA-IONONE
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
SAFROLE
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Protisticide Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Psychoactive R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
SAFROLE
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Chemicals (4)
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM
MYRICETIN 36 uM
QUERCETIN 6 uM
SPIRAEOSIDE
Respiraparalytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGITANNIN
GALLO-TANNIN
Rodenticide
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL LD50=1,040 cut rat
Styptic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Teratologic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.99 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
HAMAMELITANNIN IC100=100 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.1 ug/ml
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Tremorigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-IONONE
SAFROLE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-IONONE LD100=100 ug/ml
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ACETALDEHYDE ID50=43 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL ID50=230 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN
QUERCETIN
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Vasodilator
Chemicals (4)
KAEMPFEROL
MYRICETIN
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.