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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
VIRIDIFLOROL IC50=25 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL ED60=300 orl mus
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
PIPERITONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NEROL
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Antiinflammatory Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-EUDESMOL ID50=0.09 uM/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (4)
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
BETA-EUDESMOL >0.18 uM/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
AROMADENDRENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter?
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-EUDESMOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
LIMONENE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
BETA-EUDESMOL 40 uM mus
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
AROMADENDRENE
CARVONE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
GERANIOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
NEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
TERPINEN-4-OL
VERBENONE
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-SELINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SELINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NEROL
PINOCARVONE
PIPERITONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
AROMADENDRENE
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
CARVONE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
NEROL
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
DELTA-CADINOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.