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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (62)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
APIGENIN
AROMADENDRENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-THUJONE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
CITRIODOROL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE
ELLAGIC-ACID
ERIODICTYOL
ETHANOL
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GENTISIC-ACID
GERANIOL
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN
PALMITIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PINENE
PIPERITONE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN
SAKURANETIN
TAXIFOLIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
VERBENONE
MACROCARPAL-D
EUCALYPTONE
MACROCARPAL-H
MACROCARPAL-I
MACROCARPAL-J
Antibacterial
Chemicals (56)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
APIGENIN
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-THUJONE
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
ERIODICTYOL
ETHANOL
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
GENTISIC-ACID
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
HYPEROSIDE MIC=250-500 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN MIC=250-500 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PINENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN
SABINENE
SAKURANETIN
TAXIFOLIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
MACROCARPAL-A MIC=1->100
MACROCARPAL-B MIC=0.4->100
MACROCARPAL-D MIC=1->100
EUCALYPTONE MIC=6.25-12.5 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-C MIC=0.2->100
MACROCARPAL-E MIC=1->100
MACROCARPAL-H MIC=0.39-6.25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-I MIC=6.25-100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-J MIC=6.25-100 ug/ml
2,4,6-TRIMETHOXYPHENOL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (35)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN #NAME?
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
ERIODICTYOL
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GENTISIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE 1/4 indomethacin
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
MASLINIC-ACID
NARINGENIN 20 ppm
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN 20 mg/kg
TAXIFOLIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antioxidant
Chemicals (34)
(+)-CATECHIN
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL 5 x quercetin
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CAMPHENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID >50 x tocopherol
ELLAGITANNIN
ERIODICTYOL
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC44=33 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GENTISIC-ACID 1/3 BHA
HYPEROSIDE IC50=4.6 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
MYRCENE
MYRISTIC-ACID IC71=60
NARINGENIN 7 x quercetin
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID 2/3 quercetin
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
QUERCITRIN IC50=120 uM
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN IC28=30 ppm
TAXIFOLIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
UVAOL IC47=10 uM
4-HYDROXY-TRITRIACONTANE-16,18-DIONE #NAME?
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (31)
(+)-CATECHIN
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
APIGENIN
AROMADENDRENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVONE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID 3 ppm
ERIODICTYOL
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
MYRISTIC-ACID
NARINGENIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN
TAXIFOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (28)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
CITRONELLAL FEMA <1
CITRONELLOL FEMA 1-50
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE FEMA <1-700
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
FENCHONE FEMA 0.1-5
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (27)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN 2.5 mM
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN 2.5 mM
P-CYMENE
PINENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID 500 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
SAKURANETIN 1 mM
TAXIFOLIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Perfumery
Chemicals (27)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-SELINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
FENCHONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
PINENE
PINOCARVONE
PIPERITONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
VERBENONE
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (26)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BETA-THUJONE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRONELLAL
FERULIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
VERBENONE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (26)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
DAUCOSTEROL 20 mg/kg
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN
PINENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID EC50=4.6-17 uM
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
AROMADENDRENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
CITRONELLAL 3.8 x phenol
CITRONELLOL
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
ETHANOL
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
PINENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
SABINENE
SAKURANETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antitumor
Chemicals (25)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
DAUCOSTEROL
ELLAGIC-ACID
ELLAGITANNIN
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
NARINGENIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 uM
QUERCITRIN
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN
TAXIFOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiviral
Chemicals (24)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN 40-75 ug/ml
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GENTISIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
MASLINIC-ACID IC100=18 ug/ml
NARINGENIN IC50=15 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TAXIFOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (23)
(+)-CATECHIN ID50=50-100 nM
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-EUDESMOL ID50=0.09 uM/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
ELLAGIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN ID50=50-100 nM
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
QUERCITRIN ID50=2-5 nM
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN ID50=2-5 nM
TAXIFOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Allergenic
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
ETHANOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
PINENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
THYMOL
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (22)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
DAUCOSTEROL 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity, 31.9% inhibition)
DELTA-CADINENE
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.2 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
NARINGENIN IC25=1 uM
QUERCETIN 100 uM
QUERCITRIN IC50=2 uM
RHAMNETIN IC57=10 uM
RUTIN 100 uM
TAXIFOLIN 60 uM pig
MACROCARPAL-A IC50=2 uM
MACROCARPAL-B IC50=2.8 uM
MACROCARPAL-D IC50=2 uM
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BUTYRALDEHYDE
CAPROIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE
CUMINALDEHYDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Hepatoprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (20)
(+)-CATECHIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN IC50=8.19 uM
ELLAGIC-ACID IC55=30 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE IC80=30 ug/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
NARINGENIN IC50=12 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN IC50=1.29 uM
RUTIN 20 mg/kg rat
TAXIFOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Sedative
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
CITRONELLAL ED=1 mg/kg
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
MACROCARPAL-A MIC=0.39-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-B MIC=0.39-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-D MIC=0.39-3.13 ug/ml
EUCALYPTONE MIC=3.13-12.5 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-C MIC=0.2-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-H MIC=0.39-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-I MIC=12.5-100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-J MIC=12.5-100 ug/ml
Candidicide
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
URSOLIC-ACID
MACROCARPAL-A MIC=>100
MACROCARPAL-B MIC=>100
MACROCARPAL-D MIC=>100
MACROCARPAL-C MIC=>100
MACROCARPAL-E MIC=>100
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL MIC 1 mg/ml
CITRONELLOL MLC=100 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (15)
BETA-AMYRIN
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GENTISIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antifeedant
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ERIODICTYOL IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GENTISIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCITRIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
RUTIN
TERPINOLENE
Antiulcer Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (15)
(+)-CATECHIN
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-EUDESMOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
NARINGENIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (15)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN 40-75 ug/ml
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID EC50=>10 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
NARINGENIN
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TAXIFOLIN
THYMOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (15)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
DELTA-CADINENE
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-A MIC=0.78-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-B MIC=1.56-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-D MIC=0.39-1.56 ug/ml
EUCALYPTONE MIC=1.56-25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-C MIC=0.39-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-H MIC=1.56-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-I MIC=25-100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-J MIC=25-100 ug/ml
Antiradicular
Chemicals (14)
(+)-CATECHIN
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL 5 x quercetin
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
NARINGENIN 7 x quercetin
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
RHAMNETIN 7 x quercetin
RUTIN 9 x quercetin
THYMOL EC=60
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHRYSIN
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
NARINGENIN
QUERCITRIN 0.41%
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (14)
(+)-CATECHIN EC50=4 ug/ml
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
ELLAGIC-ACID IC90=200 ug/ml
ELLAGITANNIN
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
MASLINIC-ACID IC100=18 ug/ml
NARINGENIN IC35=200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
CITRONELLOL IC50=160 uM
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PINENE IC50=30 mM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (13)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
NARINGENIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TAXIFOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Anticancer
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
GALLIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
NARINGENIN
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHENE
CITRAL
ERIODICTYOL
ETHANOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
PINENE
THYMOL
Antileukemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Chemicals (12)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHRYSIN >genistein
DAUCOSTEROL
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
NARINGENIN IC50=>10 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (12)
(+)-CATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
CHRYSIN >genistein
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID 4.6 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 500 uM
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
UVAOL 100-200 ppm
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
ELLAGITANNIN
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
RUTIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (11)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
MASLINIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Insecticide
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
RUTIN
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
CHRYSIN
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
RUTIN
THYMOL
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-A MIC=0.39-6.25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-B MIC=0.78-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-D MIC=0.39-6.25 ug/ml
EUCALYPTONE MIC=0.78-6.25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-C MIC=0.2-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-H MIC=0.78-6.25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-I MIC=6.25-25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-J MIC=6.25-25 ug/ml
Antitumor-Promoter Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (11)
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-A MIC=0.39-6.25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-B MIC=0.78-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-D MIC=0.39-6.25 ug/ml
EUCALYPTONE MIC=0.78-6.25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-C MIC=0.2-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-H MIC=0.78-6.25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-I MIC=6.25-25 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-J MIC=6.25-25 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (11)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
RUTIN 75 uM/l
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-A MIC=0.39-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-B MIC=0.39-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-D MIC=0.39=3.13 ug/ml
EUCALYPTONE MIC=3.13-12.5 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-C MIC=0.2-1.56 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-H MIC=0.39-3.13 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-I MIC=12.5-100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-J MIC=12.5-100 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Chemicals (11)
(+)-CATECHIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=29 uM
ERIODICTYOL
GALLIC-ACID IC50=69 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID IC50=>100 uM
QUERCETIN
RUTIN IC50=10-20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Hypotensive
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
ETHANOL 1 drink/day
HYPEROSIDE ivn dog
ISOQUERCITRIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Diuretic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (10)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (10)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (10)
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL
MASLINIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN 270 mg/day orl man
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
NARINGENIN
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
VIRIDIFLOROL IC50=25 ug/ml
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (9)
(+)-CATECHIN IC68=200 ug/ml
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
FERULIC-ACID
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
RUTIN ED50=33 nmol/kg iv
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHRYSIN
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN 10 nM
RUTIN 50-75 uM/l
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (9)
(+)-CATECHIN
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
CHRYSIN
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=3.1 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
HYPEROSIDE
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (9)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=0.155 mM/l
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=5 mM/l
GALLIC-ACID IC50=7.7 mM/l
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN IC50=0.67 mM/
Immunostimulant McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (8)
(+)-CATECHIN
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ELLAGITANNIN
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antiflu
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
RUTIN
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Antimalarial
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.5 uM
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=>100 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (8)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
RUTIN IC75=2.5 mM
TAXIFOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
UVAOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
PIPERITONE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (8)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID 100 ppm orl rat
RUTIN
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
MYRCENE
QUERCETIN
TERPINOLENE
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
CITRONELLAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
Antitumor (Breast) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CHRYSIN
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
UVAOL IC50=30->30 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiacne
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
GTase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (7)
MACROCARPAL-A IC97=100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-B IC97=100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-D IC99=100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-C IC99=100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-H IC98=100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-I IC87=100 ug/ml
MACROCARPAL-J IC77=100 ug/ml
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ETHANOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.5 uM
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Carcinogenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
CITRAL
GALLIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
FERULIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (6)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DAUCOSTEROL
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
CALYPTOSIDE
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
CHRYSIN IC80=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
NARINGENIN IC45=1 uM/l
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (6)
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
CHRYSIN IC50=8.19 uM
ELLAGIC-ACID
NARINGENIN IC50=12 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
RHAMNETIN IC50=1.29 uM
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID 0.50%
FERULIC-ACID
RUTIN
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=546-5,910 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
QUERCETIN <40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
PINENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
ETHANOL
LINALOOL
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
HYPEROSIDE
LUTEOLIN
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-AMYRIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
CUMINALDEHYDE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Anticataract Shimizu, M., Horie, S., Terashima, S., Ueno, H., et al. 1989. Studies on Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Natural Products.II. Active Components of a Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Para-parai mi,' Phyllanthus niruri. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(9): 2531-2532, 1989.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
ELLAGIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (6)
BETA-EUDESMOL 40 uM mus
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
CITRAL
HYPEROSIDE
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Estrogenic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
CHRYSIN
CITRAL
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
NARINGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
NARINGENIN IC50=14.41 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID
RUTIN IC50=68 uM
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN 1/2 aspirin
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
TAXIFOLIN 1/3 aspirin
Juvabional Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID
ERIODICTYOL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 4 uM
CHRYSIN
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
QUERCETIN
Vasodilator
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (5)
BETA-EUDESMOL >0.18 uM/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
CHRYSIN
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CARVONE
CITRONELLAL
LINALOOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID ID60=0.5 uM/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
CITRONELLAL IC50=1.56 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
GALLIC-ACID EC50=4.4 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=64
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CITRAL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
UVAOL IC50=30->30 uM
Antiplaque
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN IC11=250 uM
CITRAL
GALLIC-ACID IC-26=250 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
HYPEROSIDE
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Synergen
CHRYSIN
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
RUTIN
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Allelopathic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
FERULIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
GERANIOL
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20 uM
ELLAGIC-ACID 0.4 g/kg rat
QUERCETIN 6 uM
RHAMNETIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Anesthetic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
ETHANOL 4,000 orl cat
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
THYMOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
RUTIN
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID ED50=3
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
QUERCETIN
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
OLEIC-ACID
RUTIN
Antielastase
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
HYPEROSIDE IC50=0.15 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Anticancer (Colon) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Vulnerary
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Teratogenic
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
ETHANOL 6,000 orl dog
NARINGENIN
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
GALLIC-ACID
THYMOL
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=1 ug/ml
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (4)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
ELLAGIC-ACID 1.2 mg/kg ivn mus
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ELLAGITANNIN
MACROCARPAL-A IC50-10 uM
MACROCARPAL-B IC50=10 uM
MACROCARPAL-D IC50=10 uM
Antiaging
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
QUERCETIN
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Vasopressor
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ELLAGIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
CHRYSIN
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
QUERCETIN
Antiischemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
HYPEROSIDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
GENTISIC-ACID
THYMOL
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CHRYSIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (3)
ERIODICTYOL
LUTEOLIN
NARINGENIN
Fungistat Weidenborner, M., Hindorf, H., Jha, H.C., and Tsotsonos, P. 1989. Antifungal Activity of Flavonoids Against Storage Fungi of the Genus Aspergillus. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1103-1105.
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
QUERCETIN
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHRYSIN
LINALOOL
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antinephritic
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN 1-10 uM
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN
OLEIC-ACID
THYMOL
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
RUTIN 100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
UVAOL IC50=30->30 uM
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-EUDESMOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CHRYSIN
FERULIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
RUTIN
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
FENCHONE
THYMOL
Emetic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
RUTIN IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm diet
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Radioprotective
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
RUTIN
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Propecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antisunburn
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
RUTIN
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
FENCHONE
THYMOL
Differentiator
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
FENCHONE
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Chemicals (3)
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
QUERCITRIN
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
THYMOL
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (3)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
NARINGENIN
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN
LIMONENE
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CHRYSIN
LUTEOLIN
Detoxicant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ELLAGIC-ACID
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
Anticapillary-Fragility Merck 7th Ed.
Chemicals (3)
HYPEROSIDE
QUERCETOL
RUTIN 20-100 mg orl man
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
NO-Genic
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSIN
LIMONENE
Carminative
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Laxative
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
PARAFFIN 45 mL/day/orl/man/
P-CYMENE
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID ID60=0.5 uM/ml
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (2)
BETA-AMYRIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Ulcerogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
CUMINALDEHYDE
ETHANOL 5 ml/kg (50%) orl rat
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
AntiGTF
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Surfactant Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ETHANOL
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PINENE
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
LIMONENE
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (2)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
RUTIN
Interferonogenic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ELLAGITANNIN
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiallergenic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GALLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Catabolic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
SABINENE
Antidepressant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Antistress
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
CHRYSIN
Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ETHANOL
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antipeptic
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-EUDESMOL
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
NARINGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
P450-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
NARINGENIN
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
MASLINIC-ACID IC100=18 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
ELLAGIC-ACID
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
CHRYSIN
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
RUTIN 20,000 ppm (diet) rat
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PINENE
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
BUTYRALDEHYDE
Vermicide
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
THYMOL
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Antihemorrhoidal
Chemicals (2)
PARAFFIN
RUTIN
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
HYPEROSIDE 100 uM
QUERCITRIN 200 uM
Antidementia Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
RUTIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCITRIN
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN
Capillarigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ETHANOL
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (2)
CITRIODOROL
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ETHANOL Antidote=Naloxone
LINALOOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=10.5 uM
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Cytoprotective
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
RUTIN IC50=3 uM
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
RUTIN
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN EC50=500 nM
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=183-279 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
RHAMNETIN
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Trypanocide
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
Bacteristat
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
RUTIN IC27-52=10 uM
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Secretogogue
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticancer (Mouth) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antivaricose
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Caspase-3-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antitumor-Promoter?
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
AntiMRSA
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Capillarifortificant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antiperiodontitic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiamnesic
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
CNS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiinfarctal Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Hypouricemic
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
RNA-genic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TAXIFOLIN
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Antiprotozoal
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Antierythemic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Hypertensive
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL >1 drink/day
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiwrinkle
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antineuropathic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Cardiotoxic
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
Styptic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antitumor (Mouth)
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antiapoplectic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Vasorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=8.4 uM
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
AntiMDR
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Sclerosant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
5-HT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Hypocalcemic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 4,000 orl rat
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE IC50=20.8 uM
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TAXIFOLIN
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiproctalgic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PARAFFIN
Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Neurolytic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antiplatelet
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 270 mg/man/day
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PARAFFIN
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 60 mg/day
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiperoxidative Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antishigellic
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Secretolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FENCHONE
Antianginal
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Mutagenic?
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
cAMP-Inhibitor Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE IC50=0.14 mg/ml
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Paralytic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Glutathione-Depleting
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
Antiproteolytic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN 10 uM (weak activity)
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Testosterogenic
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Anticancer (Esophagus) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiproliferant (colon)
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Caspase-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antibiotic
Chemicals (1)
CITRIODOROL
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Antisindhis
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN IC50=15 ug/ml
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Serotonin-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL ED60=300 orl mus
Myoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Anticoagulant
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiamyloid-Beta
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Mucotropic Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antiinfertility
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Tremorilytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifertility
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipruritic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Circulotonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihematuric
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Teratologic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antistroke
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigout
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSIN
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Neurogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.