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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
5-HT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID 1.2 mg/kg ivn mus
Acaricide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZYL-ACETATE
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
OXALIC-ACID
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=5 mM/l
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC27-52=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.2 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
RUTIN 100 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
RUTIN
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
FERULIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
HYDROXYCITRONELLAL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
Analgesic
Chemicals (9)
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 200-400
GUAIACOL
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETULINIC-ACID
GERANIOL
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOPULEGOL IC50=2.0 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
FERULIC-ACID
MENTHOL IC50=750
RUTIN ED50=33 nmol/kg iv
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
RUTIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiapoplectic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (29)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETULINIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
FUSTIN
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GUAIACOL 8,000 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
RUTIN
SAKURANETIN
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETULINIC-ACID
CITRAL
LIMONENE
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (3)
ELLAGIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Esophagus) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Mouth) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticapillary-Fragility Merck 7th Ed.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 20-100 mg orl man
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETULINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticataract Shimizu, M., Horie, S., Terashima, S., Ueno, H., et al. 1989. Studies on Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Natural Products.II. Active Components of a Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Para-parai mi,' Phyllanthus niruri. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(9): 2531-2532, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
RUTIN
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
RUTIN
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 270 mg/man/day
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidementia Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antidermatitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GUAIACOL
RUTIN
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antieczemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Antiedemic
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
BETULINIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
RUTIN 270 mg/day orl man
URSOLIC-ACID
Antierythemic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (2)
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
RUTIN
TERPINOLENE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 60 mg/day
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antihematuric
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antihemorrhoidal
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (4)
FERULIC-ACID
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (5)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
FUSTIN
RUTIN
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (5)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (4)
BETULINIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC90=200 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETULINIC-ACID
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
RUTIN 20 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETULINIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (6)
BETULINIC-ACID IC50=19-26 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.5 uM
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=>100 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
BETULINIC-ACID
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
RUTIN
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (11)
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
RUTIN ID50=2-5 nM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
Antinephritic
Chemicals (3)
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
FERULIC-ACID
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETULINIC-ACID
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
RUTIN
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (13)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID >50 x tocopherol
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
RUTIN IC28=30 ppm
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (3)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=29 uM
RUTIN IC50=10-20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (5)
BETULINIC-ACID IC50=19-26 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.5 uM
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antiplatelet
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
RUTIN 50-75 uM/l
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antiprotozoal
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
MENTHOL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
RUTIN 9 x quercetin
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
AROMADENDRENE
AROMADENDRIN
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
CITRONELLAL 3.8 x phenol
CITRONELLOL
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
OXALIC-ACID
SAKURANETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MYRCENE
RUTIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN EC50=500 nM
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
RUTIN IC50=68 uM
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN 100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antituberculic
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETULINIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (4)
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
RUTIN
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antivaricose
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiviral
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETULINIC-ACID 14.8 uM
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
FUSTIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=10.5 uM
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (7)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETULINIC-ACID
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID
LIMONENE
RUTIN 75 uM/l
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Astringent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
MENTHOL
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Cancer-Preventive HerbalGram No. 22 - Spring 1990, page 14.
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-PINENE
AROMADENDRENE
AROMADENDRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CARVONE
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID 3 ppm
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=8.4 uM
Candidicide
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Cardiodepressant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-ACETATE
GUAIACOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Carminative
Chemicals (4)
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
RUTIN
Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Choleretic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
MENTHOL
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Paralytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC50=3 uM
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (6)
BETULINIC-ACID 50-100 ppm
CITRAL
ELLAGIC-ACID 4.6 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
GUAIACOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Diuretic
Chemicals (2)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
URSOLIC-ACID
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BENZYL-ACETATE
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
GUAIACOL
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHENE
CITRAL
GERANIOL
GUAIACOL 0.3-0.6 ml/man
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
Fatal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (28)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZYL-ACETATE FEMA 35-800
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
CITRONELLAL FEMA <1
CITRONELLOL FEMA 1-50
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE FEMA <1-700
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GUAIACOL FEMA <1-1
ISOPULEGOL FEMA 5-30
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SAKURANETIN 1 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
TANNIN
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemostat
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
OXALIC-ACID
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 20,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
ELLAGIC-ACID IC55=30 ug/ml
EUGENOL 100 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
RUTIN 20 mg/kg rat
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
CITRONELLOL IC50=160 uM
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 224.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
RUTIN
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
FERULIC-ACID
Hypotensive Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZYL-ACETATE
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
FERULIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
BENZALDEHYDE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
RUTIN
Insectifuge
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
TERPINEN-4-OL
VERBENONE
Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
RUTIN
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-ACETATE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
OXALIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
RUTIN
Larvicide Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm diet
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BENZYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
RUTIN IC75=2.5 mM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CARVONE
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Mutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Mutagenic?
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
RUTIN
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL MIC 1 mg/ml
CITRONELLOL MLC=100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (4)
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FUSTIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
CITRONELLAL IC50=1.56 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (25)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GUAIOL
ISOPULEGOL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
PIPERITONE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (41)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
AROMADENDRENE
AROMADENDRIN
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
FUSTIN
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GUAIACOL
GUAIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
OXALIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
RUTIN
SAKURANETIN
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
URSOLIC-ACID
VERBENONE
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Huang, C., Tunon, H., Bohlin, L. 1995. Anti-Inflammatory Compounds Isolated from Menyanthes trifoliata L. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 30(8): 621-626.
Chemicals (4)
BETULINIC-ACID 200 ug/ml
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
GUAIACOL IC50=57 uM
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID 0.4 g/kg rat
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
CITRONELLAL ED=1 mg/kg
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sunscreen Chemical Marketing Reporter; a weekly tabloid, 9/10/92.
Chemicals (3)
ELLAGIC-ACID 0.50%
FERULIC-ACID
RUTIN
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
Termiticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GUAIOL
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Bernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC50=1 ug/ml
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL LD100=300 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumorigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
Varroacide
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL
OXALIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
RUTIN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=3.1 uM
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.