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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
PALMITOLEIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
CITRONELLAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
MENTHONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
ZINC
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
HEXANOIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL
P-COUMARIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
VANILLIC-ACID 100 uM/l
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CYANIDIN IC90=1 mM
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
MENTHONE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIC-ACID
Allergenic
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETYL-CHOLINE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MUFA
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
NIACIN
OLEIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Amphiglycemic? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM
Analgesic
Chemicals (11)
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
ZINC
Ancylostomicide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE
Androgenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORON 3 mg/man/day
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (2)
MUFA
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
FIBER
POTASSIUM
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
GERANIOL
VANILLIC-ACID
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHROMIUM
LINOLEIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL
PUFA
TERPINEN-4-OL
ZINC 135 mg/day
Antiacrodermatitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 8-34 mg/day/orl/chd
Antiacrodynic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
Antiaggregant Planta Medica, 56(6): 501, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
EUGENYL-ACETATE ED=15 uM
MENTHONE IC50=750
SALICYLATES
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
IRON
Antialcoholic
Chemicals (3)
MANGANESE
THIAMIN 50-100 mg/day
ZINC
Antiallergic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
NIACIN 50 mg/2x/day
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
ZINC
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
NIACIN
THIAMIN 100-3,000 mg/day
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiamblyopic
Chemicals (2)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
NIACIN
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antianemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
COPPER
IRON
MANGANESE
Antianginal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
NIACIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antianorectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antianorexic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antiarabiflavinotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN 2-10 mg/day orl
Antiarrhythmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg
POTASSIUM
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
COPPER
LINOLEIC-ACID
MANGANESE
ZINC 50 mg/3x/day/orl/man
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
CHROMIUM 20 ug/day
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibackache Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
Antibacterial
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NEROL
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
SINAPIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIC-ACID 1.5-15 mg/ml
Antiberiberi
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
AntiBPH
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 25-60 mg/day
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
BUTYRIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
LIMONENE
VANILLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticanker
Chemicals (3)
IRON
THIAMIN
ZINC 100 mg/day
Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Anticardiospasmic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
Anticarpal-Tunnel Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN 50 mg/day
Anticataract
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
NIACIN
RIBOFLAVIN 15 mg/day
THIAMIN
ZINC 30 mg/day
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticephalagic
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN 1.6-10 mg/day
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM 200 ug
Anticheilitic
Chemicals (2)
IRON
RIBOFLAVIN
Antichilblain Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Anticoeliac Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Anticold Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 50 mg
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticolitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
THIAMIN
ZINC
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Synergen
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
NIACIN 3 g/day
Anticorneotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
ZINC 30 mg/day
AntiCrohn's Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
AntiCRP
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidecubitic
Chemicals (2)
RIBOFLAVIN
THIAMIN
Antideliriant
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antidementia
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHOLINE
NIACIN
THIAMIN
ZINC
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CALCIUM
POTASSIUM
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
NIACIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHOLINE
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
COPPER 2-4 mg/day
FIBER
MANGANESE 3-5 mg/day
NIACIN
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidiscotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antidote (Cadmium) Let's Live, May 1989.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
CHROMIUM
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidysgeuzic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
MANGANESE
Antidyspeptic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antidysphagic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PUFA
ZINC 150 mg/day
Antiedemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
THIAMIN
ZINC
Antiepileptic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MANGANESE 450 mg/day
NIACIN 3 g/day
ZINC 100 mg/day
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHROMIUM 200 ug
COPPER
POTASSIUM
THIAMIN
VANILLIC-ACID
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
Antifertility
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30 mg
Antiflatulent
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Antifuruncular Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 45 mg/3x/day/man
Antigastritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiglycosuric
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihangover
Chemicals (3)
NIACIN 50 mg
THIAMIN 50 mg
ZINC 15 mg
Antiheartburn
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
SINAPIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
THIAMIN
Antiherpetic?
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 25-60 mg/day
Antihistaminic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
MENTHONE
NIACIN 50 mg 2x/day
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
ZINC
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihyperactivity Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN 1.5-6 g/day
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM
FIBER
POTASSIUM
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiileus
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Antiimpotence Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiinfarctal Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antiinfective Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
ZINC 60 mg/day
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
COPPER
EUGENYL-ACETATE
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
MUFA IC50=21 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
STIGMASTEROL
VANILLIC-ACID
SALICYLATES
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
ZINC
Antiinsomnic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN 1 g/day
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antikeratitic
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilepric Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
VANILLIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
Antileukonychic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
MUFA IC50=21 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
AntiLyme
Chemicals (3)
NIACIN 50 mg/day
RIBOFLAVIN 50 mg/day
THIAMIN 50 mg
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
ZINC
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
ZINC
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
AntiMeniere's Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
IRON 100 mg/day/wmn/orl
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine
Chemicals (2)
RIBOFLAVIN
THIAMIN
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PUFA
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
N-NONACOSANE
Antimyocarditic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
NIACIN
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
Antineurasthenic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antineuropathic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
THIAMIN 50 mg
ZINC
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
MYRCENE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHOLINE
COPPER
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
STIGMASTEROL
Antinyctalopic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiobesity
Chemicals (5)
CALCIUM
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
FIBER
LIMONENE
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORON
Antiosteoporotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (6)
BORON 3 mg/man/day
CALCIUM 500-2,000 mg/day
COPPER
MANGANESE
PHOSPHORUS
ZINC
Antiotitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (22)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL 5 x quercetin
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CAMPESTEROL IC37=10 uM
CAMPHENE
CHOLESTEROL IC43=10 uM
CYANIDIN ID50=3.5-22 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL 10-15 ug/g
LAURIC-ACID IC71=60
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
MANGANESE
MYRCENE
MYRISTIC-ACID IC71=60
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC24=30 ppm
PENTADECANOIC-ACID IC40=60
RIBOFLAVIN
SINAPIC-ACID IC27=30 ppm
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIC-ACID IC21=30 ppm
Antiparkinsonian Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
NIACIN 100 mg/day
Antipellagric
Chemicals (2)
NIACIN
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 750 mg/day
ZINC
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=>100 uM
VANILLIC-ACID IC15-65=100-200 ug/ml
Antiperoxynitrite
Chemicals (1)
SINAPIC-ACID IC39=5 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiplaque Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ZINC
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (2)
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
AntiPMS
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 1 g/day
MANGANESE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipoliomyelitic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antipolyneuritic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PUFA
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
PERILLIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CAFFEIC-ACID
EUGENYL-ACETATE ED50=3 uM
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
ZINC 50 mg/man/day/orl
Antiprostatotic
Chemicals (1)
PHYTOSTEROLS
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipyretic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
SALICYLATES
Antiradicular
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL 5 x quercetin
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
VANILLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN 1,500-4,000 mg/day
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
ZINC
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiscotomic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
CITRONELLAL 3.8 x phenol
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
NEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIC-ACID
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antisickling Planta Medica, 56(6): 681, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIC-ACID
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispare-Tire Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENYL-ACETATE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NIACIN 100 mg 2x/day
P-COUMARIC-ACID
POTASSIUM
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ZINC 50 mg/man/3x/day
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
NEROLIDOL
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
Antistroke
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
POTASSIUM
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
CHROMIUM 200-800 ug
MANGANESE 10-30 mg/man/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antitachycardic
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antitinnitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60-120 mg/day
Antitriglyceride Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
CHROMIUM 20 ug/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
BUTYRIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CARYOPHYLLENE
FIBER
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
VANILLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
VANILLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
FIBER
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
ZINC 50 mg/3x/day/man
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiuricosuric Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLATES
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antivertigo
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
Antiviral? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
PHOSPHORUS
POTASSIUM
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BUTYRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL
VANILLIC-ACID
Astringent Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
FIBER
POTASSIUM
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (22)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
FIBER
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
MENTHONE
MUFA
MYRISTIC-ACID
NIACIN
OLEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PHYTOL
RIBOFLAVIN
SINAPIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
VANILLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CAPRYLIC-ACID 300 mg/man/12 x/day
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL
LAURIC-ACID
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (2)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
CHOLINE
Cardiomyopathogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
COBALT
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHROMIUM
COPPER
FIBER
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
NIACIN
POTASSIUM 3,000-5,000 mg
Cardiotoxic
Chemicals (1)
POTASSIUM 18,000 mg/man/day
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (4)
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
LINALOOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cerebrostimulant
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE orl man
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Choleretic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
MUFA 5 ml/man
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
P-COUMARIC-ACID
VANILLIC-ACID
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Circulotonic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
NIACIN
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Contraceptive Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
COPPER
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
MYRISTIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LAURIC-ACID IC40=100
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
LAURIC-ACID IC20=100
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
LINALOOL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Decongestant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
MUFA
OLEIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Detoxicant (Alcohol)
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Diuretic
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CALCIUM
FIBER
POTASSIUM
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Energizer
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ergogenic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
COBALT
Estrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORON 3 mg/man/day
NEROL
STIGMASTEROL
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Fibrinolytic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (32)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CITRONELLAL FEMA <1
CITRONELLOL FEMA 1-50
DECANOIC-ACID FEMA <1-1
DODECANOIC-ACID FEMA 2-40
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
HEXANOIC-ACID FEMA 2-450
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MUFA FEMA 1-30
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
N-HEPTANE FEMA
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CAPRIC-ACID
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
SINAPIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIC-ACID
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHOLINE
LINOLEIC-ACID
NIACIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
CITRONELLOL IC50=160 uM
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Histaminic
Chemicals (2)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
LIMONENE
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (3)
LAURIC-ACID
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Hyperglycemic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLATES
Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
SODIUM
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (14)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
CAMPESTEROL
CHROMIUM 20 ug/day
COPPER
FIBER
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
MUFA
NIACIN 50-100 mg 3x/day
OLEIC-ACID
PHYTOSTEROLS
STEARIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
MANGANESE 10-30 mg/man/day
NIACIN
SALICYLATES
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
NIACIN
Hypotensive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETYL-CHOLINE
CALCIUM 1 g/day
CHOLINE
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
FIBER 10 g/man/day/orl
POTASSIUM
ZINC 30 mg/day
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Hypouricemic
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
CHROMIUM
COPPER
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
ZINC
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
PHOSPHORUS
ZINC
Immunosuppressant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
VANILLIC-ACID
ZINC 300 mg/day/6 wks/orl/man
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge
Chemicals (24)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
MUFA
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL-ACETATE
THIAMIN 75-150 mg/man/day
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Insulinogenic
Chemicals (2)
CHROMIUM
ZINC 30 mg/day
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CAPRIC-ACID
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MUFA
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CALCIUM 1,000-1,200 mg
FIBER
P-CYMENE
VANILLIC-ACID
Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30-60 mg/man/day
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC11=5 mM
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
Memorigenic
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
CHROMIUM
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Metal-Chelator (Copper)
Chemicals (1)
CYANIDIN
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Miotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
CITRONELLAL
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Mutagenic?
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myocontractant
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE 2 uM
Myopic
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Myotonic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRONELLAL MIC 1 mg/ml
CITRONELLOL MLC=100 ug/ml
DECANOIC-ACID
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
MYRISTIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Nematistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID 880 ug/ml
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Neurotransmitter
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHOSPHORUS
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
CITRONELLAL IC50=1.56 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Parasympathomimetic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (2)
ACETYL-CHOLINE 0.002 mg/kg ivn rat
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
MUFA
OLEIC-ACID
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (29)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENYL-ACETATE FEMA 0.5-200 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
MENTHONE
MUFA
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NEROL
NEROLIDOL
NERYL-ACETATE
OLEIC-ACID
SABINENE
STEARIC-ACID
Peristaltic
Chemicals (2)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (42)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
BUTYRIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CAPRIC-ACID
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CYANIDIN
DECANOIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NEROL
NEROLIDOL
NERYL-ACETATE
PALMITIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
SINAPIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL-ACETATE
THIAMIN
VANILLIC-ACID
ZINC
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CYANIDIN
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Prooxidant
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CYANIDIN
IRON
LINALOOL
Propecic
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
COPPER
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL ED=1 mg/kg
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
MENTHONE
NEROL
NIACIN
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Sialogogue
Chemicals (1)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
PALMITOLEIC-ACID
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETYL-CHOLINE Antidote=600 ug atropine sulfate ivn ims scu hmn
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60 mg/day
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60 mg/day
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
Transdermal
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
ZINC
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 23 uM
Trypsin-Enhancer Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENYL-ACETATE
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
P-COUMARIC-ACID ID50=3,650 uM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
VANILLIC-ACID
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Uricosuric Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLATES
Vasodilator
Chemicals (5)
ACETYL-CHOLINE
CALCIUM
FIBER
NIACIN
POTASSIUM
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
ZINC
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.