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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM)=20
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
KAEMPFEROL 100 uM
QUERCETIN 100 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
QUERCETIN
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 200-400
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FARNESOL
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.73 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (4)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
KAEMPFEROL 30 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiasthmatic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
HCN
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL IC50=39 uM
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticarcinomic (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Anticarcinomic (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antidote Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
HCN Ihl (=Amyl Nitrite)
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 100
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
QUERCETIN
Antifeedant
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CADINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
TERPINOLENE
Antifertility Kumar, P., Dixit*, V.P., and Khanna, P. Antifertility Studies of Kaempferol: Isolation and Identification from Tissue Culture of some Medicinally Important Plant Species. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 193-201, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiherpetic Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
FRIEDELIN 30 mg/kg
KAEMPFEROL 20 mg/kg
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
STIGMASTEROL
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=64
Antileukemic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FARNESOL
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
FARNESOL IC50=50 uM/l
QUERCETIN
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
QUERCETIN
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimitotic Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL ID50=10-40 nM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
QUERCETIN
TERPINOLENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
KAEMPFEROL IC50=40 uM
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
TERPINOLENE
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiplaque
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
QUERCETIN 10 nM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
KAEMPFEROL 7 x quercetin
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antiserotonin
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 200 mg/kg ipr rat
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
QUERCETIN
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
Antitumor
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 10 uM
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter Yasukawa, K., Takido, M., Takeuchi, M., Sato, Y., Nitta, K., and Nakagawa, S. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Flavonol Glycosides on 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-Induced Tumor Promotion. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(3): 774-776, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Antitussive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
QUERCETIN
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
STIGMASTEROL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (6)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FARNESOL
KAEMPFEROL 60 uM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL IC12=1 uM/l
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchosedative Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Cancer-Preventive Gawron, A. and Glowniak, K. 1987. Cytostatic Activity of Coumarins in vitro. Planta Medica 1987: 526.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
QUERCETIN
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Carcinogenic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (4)
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
KAEMPFEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN <40 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM) =20
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Matsukawa, Y., et al. The Effect of Quercetin and Other Flavonoids on Cell Cycle Progresssion and Growth of Human Gastric Cancer Cells. Planta Medica, 56(6): 677, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
OLEIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Diuretic
Chemicals (2)
FRIEDELIN
KAEMPFEROL
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Estrogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
STIGMASTEROL
Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
LIMONENE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-FORMATE FEMA <1
CADINENE FEMA 400-4,000
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
ETHYL-VANILLIN FEMA 20-28000
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FARNESOL FEMA 0.1-3
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (7)
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
KAEMPFEROL IC50=5.46 uM
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
EUGENOL
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=50-150 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 165
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=<15 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
HCN
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Irritant
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
QUERCETIN
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Narcotic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
FARNESOL MLC=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=13.9 uM
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SELINENE
BORNEOL
CADINENE
ETHYL-VANILLIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
OLEIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (18)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CADINENE
CAMPHENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GERMACRENE-D
HCN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
PALMITIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TERPINOLENE
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Pheromonal
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Propecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Protisticide Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM
QUERCETIN 6 uM
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
HCN
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
STIGMASTEROL
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Teratologic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.99 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Constantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
FARNESOL LD100=100 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL ID50=230 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
EUGENOL
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
HCN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.