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Activities: 115
All Chemicals: 38
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
FAT Seed120000.0 220000.0 -0.24 *
ALKALOIDS Leaf2500.0 5500.0 -0.24 *
ALKALOIDS Seed2300.0 4400.0 -0.59 *
HYOSCYAMINE Leaf1410.0 3100.0 1.0 *
Activities (27)
Analgesic Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Anticholinergic 150-300 ug 4 x/day/manMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antiemetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo
Antivinous
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiotonic
Mydriatic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Photophobigenic
Psychoactive Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Sedative
Toxic
ALKALOIDS Fruit1200.0 7700.0 0.4 *
SCOPOLAMINE Root935.0 2340.0 1.76 *
Activities (41)
Allergenic
Amnesigenic 600 ug/man/ivnMartindale's 29th
Analgesic
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
AntiMeniere's Martindale's 29th
Antianoxic Martindale's 29th
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic 1.5 mg/kg orl rat
Anticonvulsant 5 mg/kg ipr musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antideliriant Martindale's 28th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Tetrodotoxin)
Antiemetic Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic
Antihiccup 300 ug/man/Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory
Antimanic Martindale's 29th
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 28th
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Martindale's 29th
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispermatorrheic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo 500 ug/3-days/transdermalMartindale's 29th
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
CNS-Depressant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Cardiodepressant
Cyclopegic Martindale's 29th
Dermatitigenic
Hyperkinetic 1 mg/kg ipr mus
Hypnotic Martindale's 28th
Mydriatic 1 mg/kg scu
Photophobigenic
Preanesthetic Merck 11th Edition
Psychoactive
Sedative 0.5-1 mg/orl/manANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sedative 13 mg/kg scu ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
HYOSCYAMINE Root860.0 1870.0 -0.59 *
Activities (27)
Analgesic Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Anticholinergic 150-300 ug 4 x/day/manMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antiemetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo
Antivinous
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiotonic
Mydriatic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Photophobigenic
Psychoactive Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Sedative
Toxic
METELOIDINE Leaf690.0 1515.0 *
SCOPOLAMINE Leaf675.0 3850.0 1.56 *
Activities (41)
Allergenic
Amnesigenic 600 ug/man/ivnMartindale's 29th
Analgesic
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
AntiMeniere's Martindale's 29th
Antianoxic Martindale's 29th
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic 1.5 mg/kg orl rat
Anticonvulsant 5 mg/kg ipr musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antideliriant Martindale's 28th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Tetrodotoxin)
Antiemetic Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic
Antihiccup 300 ug/man/Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory
Antimanic Martindale's 29th
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 28th
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Martindale's 29th
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispermatorrheic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo 500 ug/3-days/transdermalMartindale's 29th
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
CNS-Depressant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Cardiodepressant
Cyclopegic Martindale's 29th
Dermatitigenic
Hyperkinetic 1 mg/kg ipr mus
Hypnotic Martindale's 28th
Mydriatic 1 mg/kg scu
Photophobigenic
Preanesthetic Merck 11th Edition
Psychoactive
Sedative 0.5-1 mg/orl/manANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sedative 13 mg/kg scu ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
HYOSCYAMINE Seed480.0 925.0 1.0 *
Activities (27)
Analgesic Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Anticholinergic 150-300 ug 4 x/day/manMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antiemetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo
Antivinous
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiotonic
Mydriatic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Photophobigenic
Psychoactive Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Sedative
Toxic
SCOPOLAMINE Seed200.0 205.0 -0.97 *
Activities (41)
Allergenic
Amnesigenic 600 ug/man/ivnMartindale's 29th
Analgesic
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
AntiMeniere's Martindale's 29th
Antianoxic Martindale's 29th
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic 1.5 mg/kg orl rat
Anticonvulsant 5 mg/kg ipr musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antideliriant Martindale's 28th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Tetrodotoxin)
Antiemetic Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic
Antihiccup 300 ug/man/Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory
Antimanic Martindale's 29th
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 28th
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Martindale's 29th
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispermatorrheic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo 500 ug/3-days/transdermalMartindale's 29th
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
CNS-Depressant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Cardiodepressant
Cyclopegic Martindale's 29th
Dermatitigenic
Hyperkinetic 1 mg/kg ipr mus
Hypnotic Martindale's 28th
Mydriatic 1 mg/kg scu
Photophobigenic
Preanesthetic Merck 11th Edition
Psychoactive
Sedative 0.5-1 mg/orl/manANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sedative 13 mg/kg scu ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
CUSCOHYGRINE Root195.0 1170.0 *
DITIGLOYLTELOIDINE Root80.0 1015.0 *
DITIGLOYLTELOIDINE Leaf75.0 1650.0 *
DITIGLOYLTELOIDINE Stem60.0 600.0 *
METELOIDINE Root40.0 390.0 *
ALKALOIDS Shoot-- 6010.0 0.06 *
PSEUDOTROPINE Plant-- -- *
(-)-3ALPHA,6BETA-DITIGLOYLOXYTROPANE Plant-- -- *
PROTEIN Seed-- 200000.0 -0.3 *
3ALPHA,6BETA-DITIGLOYLOXYTROPANE Plant-- -- *
ALKALOIDS Root-- 3900.0 -0.73 *
NORHYOSCYAMINE Plant-- -- *
TROPINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DATURANOLONE Plant-- -- *
TIGLOIDINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (7)
Anticholinergic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian 333-667 mg/3x/man/day/orlMartindale's 29th
Antispasmodic Martindale's 29th
CNS-Depressant Merck 11th Edition
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Sedative
DATURADIOL Plant-- -- *
ALKALOIDS Flower-- 5170.0 0.01 *
SCOPOLETIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (44)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=6.2 ug/ml cowOkada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Allelochemic IC89=2 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Analgesic
Anesthetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antiadrenergic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antiaflatoxin IC50=65 uM
Antiaflatoxin 11.4 ppm
Antiarrhythmic
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibronchoconstrictor
Anticholinergic
Antiedemic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antihepatotoxic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Antiinflammatory ED 1-10 ug/ear
Antileukotrienogenic
Antimutagenic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antioxidant
Antiproliferant
Antiprostaglandin
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic
Antitumor 2.9 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Stimulant Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Cytotoxic
Fungicide 2 mM
Hepatoprotective Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Herbicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 165
Hypotensive
MAO-Inhibitor
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Myorelaxant
Pesticide
Phytoalexin
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Uterosedative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
HYOSCYAMINE Shoot-- 1840.0 *
Activities (27)
Analgesic Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Anticholinergic 150-300 ug 4 x/day/manMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antiemetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo
Antivinous
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiotonic
Mydriatic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Photophobigenic
Psychoactive Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Sedative
Toxic
7-HYDROXY-3,6-DITIGLOYLOXYTROPANE Plant-- -- *
SCOPOLAMINE Shoot-- 1660.0 *
Activities (41)
Allergenic
Amnesigenic 600 ug/man/ivnMartindale's 29th
Analgesic
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
AntiMeniere's Martindale's 29th
Antianoxic Martindale's 29th
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic 1.5 mg/kg orl rat
Anticonvulsant 5 mg/kg ipr musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antideliriant Martindale's 28th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Tetrodotoxin)
Antiemetic Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic
Antihiccup 300 ug/man/Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory
Antimanic Martindale's 29th
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 28th
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Martindale's 29th
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispermatorrheic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo 500 ug/3-days/transdermalMartindale's 29th
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
CNS-Depressant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Cardiodepressant
Cyclopegic Martindale's 29th
Dermatitigenic
Hyperkinetic 1 mg/kg ipr mus
Hypnotic Martindale's 28th
Mydriatic 1 mg/kg scu
Photophobigenic
Preanesthetic Merck 11th Edition
Psychoactive
Sedative 0.5-1 mg/orl/manANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sedative 13 mg/kg scu ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
BETULINIC-ACID Tissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Activities (22)
Anthelmintic
AntiHIV EC50=2.0 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
AntiHIV IC50=6.5 ug/ml
AntiHIV 14.8 uM
Antibacterial
Anticancer Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticarcinomic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiedemic
Antiinflammatory Recio, M., et al. 1994. Investigations on the Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Triterpenoids from Diospyros leucomelas*. Planta Medica, 61: 9.
Antileukemic
Antimalarial IC50=19-26 ug/ml
Antimelanomic New York Times, 3/28/95.
Antinociceptive
Antiplasmodial IC50=19-26 ug/ml
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiviral 14.8 uM
Apoptotic
Cytotoxic 50-100 ppmBiosyn. Prod. Cancer Chemotherapy (Petit et al)
Cytotoxic 16.4 uM
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 200 ug/mlDunstan, C. A., Liu, B., Welch, C. J., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Alphitol, a Phenolic Substance from Alphitonia zizyphoides which Inhibits Prostaglandin Biosynthesis in vitro. Phytochemistry, 48(3): 495-497.
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=101 uMHuang, C., Tunon, H., Bohlin, L. 1995. Anti-Inflammatory Compounds Isolated from Menyanthes trifoliata L. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 30(8): 621-626.
ATROPINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (51)
Allergenic
Analgesic
Anesthetic Martindale's 29th
Anhydrotic
Antianoxic Martindale's 29th
Antiarrhythmic 400-1,000 ug
Antiasthmatic Martindale's 28th
Antibradycardic 300-600 ug/ims/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Anticholinergic 0.55 mg/kg orl musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Anticholinergic 10 mg/kg orl ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) 2 mg/man/imsMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Black Widow) Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Lobelia) 2 mg scuPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidote (Muscarine)
Antidote (Mushroom) Martindale's 30th
Antidote (Organophosphorus) 2-10 mg/ims/manMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Poison Gas)
Antidote (Tetrodotoxin)
Antiemetic Martindale's 29th
Antiemphysemic Martindale's 29th
Antienuretic Martindale's 28th
Antiherpetic
Antiiritic Martindale's 30th
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 29th
Antiperistaltic
Antiperspirant Martindale's 29th
Antipertussic Martindale's 29th
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Martindale's 28th
Antispasmodic Merck 11th Edition
Antiulcer 500 ug/3 x/day/manMartindale's 28th
Antiuveitic Martindale's 30th
Antivertigo
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 28th
CNS-Stimulant
Choleretic
Hyperpyrexic Merck 11th Edition
Insecticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Mydriatic Merck 11th Edition
Myorelaxant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Paralytic
Pesticide
Psychotomimetic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Tachycardic 2 mg/orl/manMartindale's 28th
Transdermal Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Tumorigenic Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Vasodilator Merck 11th Edition
APOATROPINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Respiradepressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HYOSCYAMINE Flower-- 1880.0 *
Activities (27)
Analgesic Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Anticholinergic 150-300 ug 4 x/day/manMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antiemetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo
Antivinous
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiotonic
Mydriatic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Photophobigenic
Psychoactive Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Sedative
Toxic
ALKALOIDS Stem-- 3000.0 -0.32 *
SCOPOLAMINE Flower-- 670.0 *
Activities (41)
Allergenic
Amnesigenic 600 ug/man/ivnMartindale's 29th
Analgesic
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
AntiMeniere's Martindale's 29th
Antianoxic Martindale's 29th
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic 1.5 mg/kg orl rat
Anticonvulsant 5 mg/kg ipr musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antideliriant Martindale's 28th
Antidote (Anticholinesterase) Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Tetrodotoxin)
Antiemetic Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic
Antihiccup 300 ug/man/Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory
Antimanic Martindale's 29th
Antimeasles
Antimuscarinic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 28th
Antipolio
Antisialogogue Martindale's 29th
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispermatorrheic
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Antivertigo 500 ug/3-days/transdermalMartindale's 29th
Antiviral
Bronchodilator
CNS-Depressant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Cardiodepressant
Cyclopegic Martindale's 29th
Dermatitigenic
Hyperkinetic 1 mg/kg ipr mus
Hypnotic Martindale's 28th
Mydriatic 1 mg/kg scu
Photophobigenic
Preanesthetic Merck 11th Edition
Psychoactive
Sedative 0.5-1 mg/orl/manANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sedative 13 mg/kg scu ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.