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ActivityReference
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Allergenic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Analgesic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (4)
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE IC50=750
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
CIS-OCIMENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
PULEGONE
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticholinesterase Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antihistaminic Ortiz De Urbina, A.V., Martin, M.L., Montero, M.J., Carron, R., Sevilla, M.A., San Roman, L. 1989. Antihistaminic activity of pulegone on the guinea-pig ileum. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 295-296, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (2)
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antiradicular
Chemicals (1)
ISOMENTHONE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CIS-OCIMENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiviral
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Candidicide Economou, D., and Nahrstedt, A. 1991. Chemical, Physiological, and Toxicological Aspects of the Essential Oil of Some Species of the Genus Bystropogon*. Planta Medica, 57: 347, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-PINENE
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CIS-OCIMENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
PULEGONE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
PULEGONE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (6)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
PULEGONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
PULEGONE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Sedative
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.