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Activities: 212
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
1,4-CINEOLE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
1,8-CINEOLE Rhizome902.0 1920.0 -0.59 *
Activities (67)
(-)-Chronotropic 87 nl/mlHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
(-)-Inotropic 87 nl/mlHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Acaricide LC100=6 uM
Allelopathic
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC50=41 ug/ml
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Antibacterial 50 ppm
Antibronchitic
Anticariogenic
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Anticholinesterase IC50=50-70
Antifatigue
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Antiinflammatory
Antilaryngitic
Antinociceptive
Antipharyngitic
Antiplaque
Antirheumatic
Antirhinitic
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antisinusitic
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic 50 ppm
Antitussive
Antiulcer
CNS-Stimulant
Candidicide
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Choleretic
Convulsant
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Decongestant
Degranulant 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Edemagenic inj
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 1-200Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Gastroprotective
Gram(+)icide
Gram(-)icide
Hepatotonic
Herbicide IC50=78 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Hypotensive
Inflammatory inj
Insectifuge
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Neurotoxic
P450-Inducer
Pediculicide 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Secretogogue
Sedative
Spasmogenic
Surfactant
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Transdermal
Trichomonicide LD100=1,000 ug/ml
ALPHA-PINENE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (28)
Allelochemic
Allergenic
Antiacne
Antibacterial
Antifeedant
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Antiinflammatory 500 mg/kg
Antipneumonic
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Coleoptophile
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
FLavor FEMA 15-150Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Herbicide IC50=30 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Insecticide 0.82 uM/fly
Insectifuge 50 ppm
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
P450-2B1-Inhibitor IC50=0.087 uM
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Spasmogenic
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Transdermal
AMYLOSE Tuber-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
BIS-DESMETHOXYCURCUMIN Rhizome-- 1000.0 -1.0 *
Activities (5)
Antialzheimeran 0.5-10 ug/ml
Antiamyloid-Beta 0.5-10 ug/ml
Antiangiogenic
Anticholeretic HerbalGram No. 17.
Antiinflammatory Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
BISMETHOXYCURCUMIN Rhizome-- -- *
CURCULONE Rhizome-- -- *
CURCUMADIOL Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
CURCUMANOLIDE-A Rhizome-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
CURCUMANOLIDE-B Rhizome-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
CURCUMENOL Rhizome-- -- *
Activities (3)
Anticancer Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antitumor Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Emetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CURCUMENONE Rhizome-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
CURCUMIN Rhizome-- 1000.0 -0.89 *
Activities (135)
12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
5-HETE-Inhibitor IC50=3-10 uM
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
8-HETE-Inhibitor IC40=3 uM
AntiCrohn's
AntiEBV IC50=5.4 uM
AntiHIV IC50=40 uM
Antiadenomacarcinogenic 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
Antiaflatoxin IC50=81 uM
Antiaggregant
Antialzheimeran 0.5-10 ug/ml
Antiamyloid-Beta 0.5-10 ug/ml
Antiangiogenic
Antiarachidonate
Antiarthritic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic 0.4-20 mg/kg/day
Antibacterial Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antibronchitic
Anticancer
Anticancer (Breast)
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Duodenum)
Anticancer (Mammary) 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticancer (Stomach)
Anticarcinogenic
Anticataract 75 mg/kg orl rat
Anticholecystosic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticolitic
Anticollagenic
Antieczemic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antiedemic ED50=100.2 mg/kg orl mus (cf 78 for cortisone)
Antiedemic ED50=48 mg/kg orl rat (cf 45 for cortisone)
Antiedemic ED50=48 mg/kg orl rat (cf 48 for phenylbutazone)
Antieicosanoid
Antihepatotic
Antiinflammatory 1,200 mg/man/day
Antiinflammatory 1 uM
Antiintegrase 40-150 uM
Antiischemic
Antileishmanic IC50=7.8 ug/ml
Antileukemic
Antileukotriene 170 mg/kg orl rat
Antilipoperoxidant
Antilithic 0.5% diet
Antilymphomic 0.4 mg/mlIwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antilymphomic 4 ug/mlMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimelanomic 200 nM/kg orl mus
Antimetastatic 200 nM/kg orl mus
Antimutagenic
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antioxidant IC50=500 uM
Antipapillomic
Antiperoxidant
Antiproliferant IC50=13 uM
Antiprostaglandin 8.8 uM
Antipsoriatic
Antispasmodic =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Antithrombotic
Antithromboxane
Antitumor
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Liver) 10 uM
Antitumor-Promoter IC91=10 uM
Antiulcer orl rat
Antiviral IC50=5.4 uM
Apoptotic 150-2,000 ppm (diet) orl rat
Apoptotic 30-90 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor 10-20 uM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardiodepressant =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Chelator IC50=500 uM
Chelator Iron
Chemopreventive
Cholagogue
Choleretic HerbalGram No. 24, page 37.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Cytotoxic 0.4-4 mg/mlIwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Cytotoxic IC50=1 ug/ml
Cytotoxic IC50=25 uM
DNA-Protective
Deodorant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Detoxicant
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Expectorant 100 uM
Fibrinolytic
Fungicide
Glutathionigenic 80 mg/kg igs rat
Hepatoprotective 30 ppm
Hepatoprotective 30 mg/kg/day
Hypocholesterolemic 0.15% diet 7 wks
Hypolipidemic 0.15% diet 7 wks
Hypotensive
IKB-kinase-Inhibitor
IKK-Inhibitor
IkappaB-alpha-Phosphorylation-Inhibitor
Immunostimulant 40 mg/kg/5 wk orl rat
Lipase-Inducer
Litholytic 0.5% diet
MDR-Inhibitor 1-55 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor 10 uM
Maltase-Promoter
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Mucogenic 100 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Inhibitor
NO-Scavenger
Nematicide
Neuroprotective 80 mg/kg igs rat
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor ED=~150 mg/kg
P450-Inhibitor IC50=2-14 ug/ml
PGE2-Inhibitor IC42=3 uM
PTK-Inhibitor 5-100 uM
Pesticide
Phototoxic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Plasmodicide
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 0.2% diet ratRao, C. V., Rivenson, A., Simi, B., Reddy, B. S. 1995. Chemoprevention of Colon Carcinogenesis by Dietary Curcumin, a Naturally Occurring Plant Phenolic Compound. Cancer Research, 55(2): 259-266.
Protease-Inhibitor IC50=11-250 uM
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor IC69=15 uM
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor IC50=15 uM
Protein-Kinase-Inhibitor
Pulmonoprotective 200 mg/kg/7 d
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 3.4 uMSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
Radioprotective
Sortase-A-Inhibitor IC50=13-14 ug/ml
Sucrase-Promoter
TNF-Inhibitor
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Ulcerogenic orl rat
VEGF-Inhibitor
CURCUMOL Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (3)
Anticancer (Cervix)
Antisarcomic
Antitumor (Cervix)
CURDIONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (6)
AntiX-Radiation Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antileukopenic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antisarcomic
Antitumor
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
CURZERENONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
D-ALPHA-PINENE Rhizome141.0 300.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
D-BORNEOL Rhizome141.0 300.0 -1.0 *
Activities (4)
Convulsant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Emetic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfume Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
D-CAMPHENE Rhizome329.0 700.0 1.0 *
D-CAMPHOR Rhizome395.0 840.0 -1.05 *
DEHYDROCURDIONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (8)
Analgesic 40-200 mg/kg
Antiarthritic 120 mg/kg/day/12 days
Antiedemic 200 mg/kg
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antipyretic
Antiradicular 100-5,000 uM
Calcium-Channel-Blocker 0.1-1 mM
DESMETHOXYCURCUMIN Rhizome-- 1000.0 -1.07 *
DI-P-COUMAROYL-METHANE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (2)
Cytotoxic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Hepatoprotective Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
DIFERULOYL-METHANE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (1)
Cytotoxic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
ENT-CURZERENONE Plant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
EO Rhizome10000.0 15000.0 -0.46 *
EPICURZERENONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
ETHYL-P-METHOXYCINNAMATE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (2)
Fungicide Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Pesticide
FERULOYL-P-COUMAROYL-METHANE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (1)
Cytotoxic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
FURANODIENE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
FURANODIENONE Rhizome-- -- *
GERMACRONE-4,5-EPOXIDE Rhizome-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
ISOCURCUMENOL Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
ISOCURZERENONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
ISOFURANODIENONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
ISOFURANOGERMACRENE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
MUCILAGE Rhizome-- -- *
Activities (3)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Demulcent
Hypocholesterolemic
P,P'-DIHYDROXYDICINNAMYOLMETHANE Rhizome-- -- *
P-HYDROXYCINNAMOYLFERULOYLMETHANE Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (1)
Anticoagulant
PP'-DIHYDROXYDICINNAMOYLMETHANE Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (1)
Anticoagulant
PROCURCUMENOL Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (2)
AntiTNF
Antiinflammatory
PYROCURCUMENONE Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
PYROCURZERENONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
RESIN Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
SESQUITERPENE-ALCOHOLS Rhizome4800.0 9600.0 *
SESQUITERPENES Rhizome1000.0 2000.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
STARCH Rhizome-- 500000.0 0.42 *
Activities (5)
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Poultice Martindale's 29th
ZEDERONE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
ZEDOARONE Plant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
ZINGIBERENE Rhizome-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antirhinoviral Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antiulcer IC54=100 mg/kg
Carminative
Insecticide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.