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ActivityReference
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Adrenergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE IC100=2.5 mM
LIMONENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 200-400
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
ELEMOL IC50=34 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 343.
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE 200 uM
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
Antialopecic
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
PALMITIC-ACID
Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL ED60=300 orl mus
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacterial Valnet, J. 1982. The Practice of Aromatherapy. Translated from the 1980 French Edition by Robin Campbell and Libby Houston. Destiny Books, New York. 279 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250-1,000 ug/ml
CUMINALDEHYDE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
LIMONENE
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiedemic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
EUGENOL 100
Antienterococcic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=500 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CADINENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiinflammatory Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
LIMONENE
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiklebsiellic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antileukemic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimutagenic HerbalGram No. 24, page 40.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-EUDESMOL ID50=0.09 uM/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
N-NONACOSANE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Antioxidant
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPESTEROL IC37=10 uM
CHOLESTEROL IC43=10 uM
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipseudomonic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-EUDESMOL >0.18 uM/ml
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=500 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
M-CRESOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter?
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
BETA-EUDESMOL
CINNAMALDEHYDE 500 mg/kg/orl
ELEMOL
EUGENOL
Antiurease
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
BETA-EUDESMOL 40 uM mus
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=16-40 ppm
EUGENOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE 500 mg/kg/orl
EUGENOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Chronotropic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Circulatory-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CNS-Depressant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
CNS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
CNS-Stimulant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Counterirritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE IC50=245 uM
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE ED50=5-60 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diagnostic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
DIPENTENE
LIMONENE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
CADINENE FEMA 400-4,000
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
LIMONENE
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
Fumigant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
M-CRESOL
Fungicide Singh*, G., Upadhyay, R.K. 1990. Fungitoxic Activity of Cumaldehyde, Main Constituent of the Cuminum cyminum Oil. Fitoterapia 62(1): 86, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
CINNAMALDEHYDE 1.7-250 ppm
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
M-CRESOL 3,000 ppm
PALMITIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (3)
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
LIMONENE
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CAMPESTEROL
Hypoglycemic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CUMINALDEHYDE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
GAMMA-BISABOLENE
LIMONENE
M-CRESOL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (2)
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Monoaminergic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE 100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
Neurogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Parasiticide
Chemicals (1)
M-CRESOL
Perfume Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-BISABOLENE
Perfumery
Chemicals (7)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CADINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
M-CRESOL 0.10%
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (13)
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CADINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CUMINALDEHYDE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
M-CRESOL
PALMITIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Propecic
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Rodenticide
Chemicals (1)
M-CRESOL LD50=1,100 cut rat
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-EUDESMOL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CUMINALDEHYDE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Sweetener Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
GALACTOSE 0.32 x sucrose
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE LD96=1 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE ID50=129 ug/ml
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.