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ActivityReference
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLAL
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Allelochemic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-PINENE
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacterial HerbalGram No. 17.
Chemicals (4)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
NEROL
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
NEROL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (2)
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (5)
BETA-PINENE
CITRONELLAL 3.8 x phenol
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
NEROL
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-PINENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (1)
NEROL
Antiviral
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (3)
BETA-PINENE
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
NEROL
Expectorant Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
FLavor
Chemicals (5)
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CITRONELLAL FEMA <1
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
NEROL FEMA 1-20
Fungicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-PINENE
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Insecticide
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Chemicals (4)
BETA-PINENE
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant
Chemicals (3)
BETA-PINENE
CITRONELLAL
LIMONENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Mutagenic?
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CITRONELLAL MIC 1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL IC50=1.56 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (4)
BETA-PINENE
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
NEROL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (5)
BETA-PINENE
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
NEROL
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (4)
CITRONELLAL ED=1 mg/kg
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
NEROL
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-PINENE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.