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ActivityReference
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Toyomizu, M., Sugiyama, S., Jin, R. L., Nakatsu, T. 1993. Alpha-Glucosidase and Aldose Reductase Inhibitors: Constituents of Cashew, Anacardium occidentale, Nut Shell Liquids. Phytotherapy Research, 7(3): 252-254.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID 724.6 uM
Allergenic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiamyloidosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 4 uM
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (2)
COLCHICINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antibacterial
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
BENZOIC-ACID 33-1,250 ppm
COLCHICINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
AntiBehcet's Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anticirrhotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 1-2 mg/man/day
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
COLCHICINE
Antidermatotic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antieczemic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antierythemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiflu
Chemicals (1)
COLCHAMINE
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
COLCHICINE
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
COLCHICINE EC50=0.01 uM
Antiichthyosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN #NAME?
COLCHICINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antileukemic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
COLCHICINE
DEMECOLCINE
Antimalarial Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 500 ug/10x/day/man
Antimelanomic J. Ethnopharmacology, 32: 117.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
COLCHICINE ED50=0.18 ug/ml
Antimeningitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 500 ug/2x/man/day
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Antimitotic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (2)
COLCHICINE 2 mg/kg scu mus
DEMECOLCINE
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antineuralgic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antioncychomycotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Antioxidant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
SALICYLIC-ACID
AntiPaget's Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 600 ug/3x/day/man
Antipericarditis
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 500-1,000 ug/man/day
Antiperiodic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antipodagric
Chemicals (3)
COLCHICINE 3-6mg man/day/
DEMECOLCINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipolyserositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 500-600 ug/2-3 x day/man/
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Antipsoriac
Chemicals (2)
COLCHICINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BENZOIC-ACID
COLCHICINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
COLCHICINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
Antisarcomic J. Ethnopharmacology, 32: 117.
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE ED50=0.047 ug/ml
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiseptic A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Antithrombocytopenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 600 ug/2-4x/man/day
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antitrypanosomic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Antitubulin
Chemicals (3)
2-DEMETHYLCOLCHICINE IC50=3.7 uM
COLCHICINE IC50=2.4 uM
DEMECOLCINE IC50=2.4 uM
Antitumor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
DEMECOLCINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
COLCHICINE ED50=0.022 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon) J. Ethnopharmacology, 32: 117.
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE ED50=0.0071 ug/ml
Antitumor (Lung) J. Ethnopharmacology, 32: 117.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
COLCHICINE ED50=0.043 ug/ml
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antitympanitic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antivasculitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 600 ug/2x/man/day
Antiviral
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
COLCHAMINE
Antiwart Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Chemicals (1)
CHELIDONIC-ACID
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Carcinogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Cardioactive Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE 15 mg/kg scu rbt
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
BENZOIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
CNS-Paralytic
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Comedolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
SALICYLIC-ACID
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
COLCHICINE IC50=0.018 uM
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Emetic Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Expectorant
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID FEMA 250
Fungicide
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
SALICYLIC-ACID MIC 1,000 ug/ml
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
Hypertensive
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Irritant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Chemicals (2)
CHELIDONIC-ACID
COLCHICINE
Keratolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Marrow-Suppresant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
DEMECOLCINE
MDR-Inhibitor Tang-Wai, D. F., Brossi, A., Arnold, L. D., Gros, P. 1993. The Nitrogen of the Acetamido Group of Colchicine Modulates P-Glycoprotein-Mediated Multidrug Resistance. Biochemistry, 32(25): 6470-6476.
Chemicals (1)
DEMECOLCINE ED50=78 ng/ml
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Neoplastic
Chemicals (1)
COLCHAMINE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
Pesticide
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
BENZOIC-ACID
COLCHAMINE
COLCHICINE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
Purgative
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 20 uM
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Respiradepressant
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Sedative
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
Sunscreen
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Sympathomimetic
Chemicals (1)
COLCHICINE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
COLCHAMINE
Thermogenic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID 130 ppm
Tineacide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Azuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID ID50=710 uM
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Uricosuric
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID
COLCHICINE
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.