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ActivityReference
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Additive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
SUCCINIC-ACID FEMA 200-2,000
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (3)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
SALICYLIC-ACID 724.6 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Allergenic?
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-3-CARENE
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (4)
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
L-LIMONENE IC25=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
DELTA-3-CARENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticonvulsant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
MALTOL
MYRCENE
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antidermatotic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antieczemic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chemicals (1)
MALTOL
Antifeedant
Chemicals (6)
ABIETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
SUCCINIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiichthyosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory Internat. J. Oriental Med. 15(4): 194, 1990+
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
DELTA-3-CARENE ipr
LIMONENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antineuralgic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antioncychomycotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antioxidant
Chemicals (6)
CAMPHENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MALTOL
MYRCENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
Antiperiodic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipodagric
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipsoriac
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiseptic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
SABINENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MYRCENE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitympanitic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiulcer
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
SUCCINIC-ACID
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MALTOL
SALICYLIC-ACID
SUCCINIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-PINENE
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
CNS-Sedative Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MALTOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Comedolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
COX-2-Inhibitor Newmark, T. M. and Schulick, P. 2000. Herbal Cox-2 Inhibition - Nature's Challenge to Arthritis, Cancer & Alzheimer's Disease. Hohm Press, Prescott AZ.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-3-CARENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SUCCINIC-ACID
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHENE
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
DELTA-3-CARENE FEMA
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
MALTOL FEMA 5-250
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SALICYLIC-ACID MIC 1,000 ug/ml
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MALTOL 1,000
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Insecticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Keratolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
MALTOL
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
SABINENE
SUCCINIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MALTOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
SUCCINIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Protisticide
Chemicals (1)
ABIETIC-ACID
Schistosomicide
Chemicals (1)
ABIETIC-ACID
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MALTOL
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Sweetener Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
MALTOL
Thermogenic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID 130 ppm
Tineacide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.