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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiallergic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
FENCHONE
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
FENCHONE
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-EPOXIDE 1 mM (diet)
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (1)
ISOBORNEOL 600 ppm
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-CADINOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (5)
CAMPHENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
ISOBORNEOL 600 ppm
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Attifuge CIBA (Chadwick, D.J. and Marsh, J. 1990. Bioactive Compounds from Plants. CIBA Foundation Symposium 154. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Chichester UK. 242 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE-EPOXIDE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
FENCHONE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Emetic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
DIHYDROCARVEOL FEMA 5-500
FENCHONE FEMA 0.1-5
FENCHYL-ALCOHOL FEMA 0.2-5
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE-EPOXIDE
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE-EPOXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOBORNEOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VERBENONE
Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
DIHYDROCARVEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Larvicide Misra, L.N. and Singh, S.P. Alpha-Thujone, The Major Component Of The Essential Oil From Artemisia vulgaris Growing Wild In Nilgiri Hills. Journal of Natural Products, 49: 941, 1986.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-THUJONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-EPOXIDE IC60=5 mM
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ISOBORNEOL
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
ISOBORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
FENCHONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE-EPOXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
ISOBORNEOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FENCHONE
Sedative
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
ISOBORNEOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.