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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 200-400
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
VIRIDIFLOROL IC50=25 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
FENCHONE
LIMONENE
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETOPHENONE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
ANISIC-ACID MBC=800 ug/ml
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NEROL
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
FENCHONE
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 100
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PARAFFIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
LIMONENE
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NONACOSANE 250 ug/ml
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (6)
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproctalgic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PARAFFIN
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ISOMENTHONE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ANISIC-ACID
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
ANISIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ANISIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FURFURAL
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
NONACOSANE
P-CYMENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
GERANIAL
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BEHENIC-ACID
Counterirritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
FENCHONE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PARAFFIN
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL
NEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
DIACETYL FEMA 3-50
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FENCHONE FEMA 0.1-5
FURFURAL FEMA 1-30
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
LIMONENE
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
Fungicide Tomas-Barberan, F., Iniesta-Sanmartin, E., Tomas-Lorente, F., and Rumbero, A. 1989. Antimicrobial Phenolic Compounds From Three Spanish Helichrysum Species. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1093-1095. 1990.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETOPHENONE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GERANIAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypnotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETOPHENONE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
DIACETYL
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Larvicide Misra, L.N. and Singh, S.P. Alpha-Thujone, The Major Component Of The Essential Oil From Artemisia vulgaris Growing Wild In Nilgiri Hills. Journal of Natural Products, 49: 941, 1986.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-THUJONE
EUGENOL
Laxative Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
PARAFFIN 45 mL/day/orl/man/
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (16)
ACETOPHENONE FEMA <10,000
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
FENCHONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
NEROL
SABINENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETOPHENONE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
ANISIC-ACID
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NEROL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FENCHONE
Sedative Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
NEROL
P-CYMENE
Soporific Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
ACETOPHENONE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ANISIC-ACID ID50=680 uM
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.