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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-TERPINENE
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Shimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Chemicals (8)
ACACETIN
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
COSMOSIIN IC40=1 uM
LINARIN IC20=10 uM
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE IC73=10 uM
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Allelopathic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
Allergenic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACACETIN
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
ETHANOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
THYMOL
ARTEGLASIN-A
Analgesic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (9)
ADENOSINE
BETA-AMYRIN
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL 4,000 orl cat
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
THYMOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
NEROLIDOL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACACETIN
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
Antialopecic
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
ETHANOL
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 33-1,250 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
ETHANOL
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
THYMOL
Anticancer Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticataract Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
THYMOL
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
LUTEOLIN
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidiuretic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiendotoxic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 500 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
P-CYMENE
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihepatotoxic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (3)
LIGNOCERIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 204.
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
THYMOL
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (4)
ACACETIN
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antiinflammatory Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHRYSANTHEMOL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiinsomniac
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimelanomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (8)
ACACETIN
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
CHOLINE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
STIGMASTEROL
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BENZOIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (10)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPESTEROL IC37=10 uM
CAMPHENE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
MYRCENE
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
THYMOL 100 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
LUTEOLIN
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
BENZOIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
SABINENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
NEROLIDOL
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitachycardic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 50-250 ug/kg/ivn
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
ARTEGLASIN-A
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LUTEOLIN
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
AR-CURCUMENE IC45=100 mg/kg
BETA-AMYRIN
SABINENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antiviral
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC12=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Arteriodilator
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
STIGMASTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
STACHYDRINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZOIC-ACID
BORNEOL
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (3)
ETHANOL
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BEHENIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
STEARIC-ACID
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THYMOL
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (4)
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
ARTEGLASIN-A
Decongestant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
CHRYSANTHENONE Tobacco stain remover
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
Diuretic
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Emmenagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Estrogenic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
STIGMASTEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZOIC-ACID
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZOIC-ACID FEMA 250
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PROPIONIC-ACID FEMA 1-36,000
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID 2,500-36,000
THYMOL
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
Glucogonogenic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (7)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CHOLINE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hypertensive
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL >1 drink/day
Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ETHANOL Antidote=Naloxone
LINALOOL
Hypocalcemic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 4,000 orl rat
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (6)
ADENOSINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CAMPESTEROL
LUTEOLIN
STEARIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (3)
ADENOSINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
CHOLINE
ETHANOL 1 drink/day
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
STACHYDRINE
THYMOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insulinic
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN
LUTEOLIN
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID
THYMOL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Lactagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
BETA-AMYRIN
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mucotropic Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN
Myorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
Neurolytic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
Oxytocic?
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE IC50=90 nM
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (14)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-SELINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
PROPIONIC-ACID
SABINENE
STEARIC-ACID
THYMOL
Pesticide
Chemicals (28)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
ETHANOL
GERMACRENE-D
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
PALMITIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
CHRYSANTHENONE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROCHRYMORIN
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Propecic
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
ACETIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
Pyrogenic Conradson, T. B. G., Dixon, C. M. S., Clarke, B., Barnes, P. J. 1987. Cardiovascular Effects of Infused Adenosine in Man: Potentiation by Dipyridamole. Acta Physiol Scand, 129(3): 387-391.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 0.09 mg/kg ivn hmn
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
PROPIONIC-ACID
Sclerosant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretomotor
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Surfactant Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ETHANOL
Systolic-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Teratogenic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 6,000 orl dog
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN
LUTEOLIN
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
Tremorilytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ANISALDEHYDE ID50=320 uM
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
BENZOIC-ACID ID50=710 uM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
ETHANOL 5 ml/kg (50%) orl rat
Uricosuric
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
LUTEOLIN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.