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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (28)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
ETHANOL
GERMACRENE-D
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
PALMITIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
CHRYSANTHENONE
Antibacterial Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 33-1,250 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
ETHANOL
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZOIC-ACID FEMA 250
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PROPIONIC-ACID FEMA 1-36,000
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHRYSANTHEMOL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Insectifuge
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
STACHYDRINE
THYMOL
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (14)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-SELINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
PROPIONIC-ACID
SABINENE
STEARIC-ACID
THYMOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID 2,500-36,000
THYMOL
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACACETIN
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
ETHANOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
THYMOL
ARTEGLASIN-A
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL
Expectorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZOIC-ACID
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antioxidant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (10)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPESTEROL IC37=10 uM
CAMPHENE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
MYRCENE
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
THYMOL 100 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID
THYMOL
Antiseptic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
SABINENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Analgesic
Chemicals (9)
ADENOSINE
BETA-AMYRIN
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (8)
ACACETIN
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Candidicide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Shimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Chemicals (8)
ACACETIN
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
COSMOSIIN IC40=1 uM
LINARIN IC20=10 uM
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE IC73=10 uM
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL
Anesthetic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL 4,000 orl cat
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antifeedant
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (7)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CHOLINE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Insecticide
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ANISALDEHYDE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
STIGMASTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
CHOLINE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
STIGMASTEROL
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (6)
ADENOSINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CAMPESTEROL
LUTEOLIN
STEARIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-TERPINENE
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
Hypotensive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ADENOSINE
CHOLINE
ETHANOL 1 drink/day
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcer Yamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
AR-CURCUMENE IC45=100 mg/kg
BETA-AMYRIN
SABINENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Choleretic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZOIC-ACID
BORNEOL
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Antiedemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Antitumor Cancer Research, 54: 701, 1994.
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
ARTEGLASIN-A
Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (4)
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
ARTEGLASIN-A
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACACETIN
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
BENZOIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antileukemic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
PROPIONIC-ACID
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ACACETIN
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
NEROLIDOL
THYMOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
CHRYSANTHENONE Tobacco stain remover
Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THYMOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 204.
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
THYMOL
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
BETA-AMYRIN
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC12=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
URSOLIC-ACID
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BEHENIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
STEARIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (3)
ETHANOL
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (3)
LIGNOCERIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ANISALDEHYDE ID50=320 uM
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
BENZOIC-ACID ID50=710 uM
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antitussive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LUTEOLIN
THYMOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
STIGMASTEROL
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
THYMOL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
ETHANOL 5 ml/kg (50%) orl rat
Protisticide
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
ACETIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antiotitic
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BENZOIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Carminative
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (3)
ADENOSINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
ETHANOL
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
ETHANOL
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
LUTEOLIN
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
P-CYMENE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN
LUTEOLIN
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Surfactant Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ETHANOL
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarrhythmic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
STACHYDRINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimelanomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Anticancer Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Diuretic
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
NEROLIDOL
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Propecic
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Hypnotic
Chemicals (2)
ETHANOL Antidote=Naloxone
LINALOOL
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
CAMPHOR
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN
LUTEOLIN
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
LUTEOLIN
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antitumor (Stomach) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
P-CYMENE
Pyrogenic Conradson, T. B. G., Dixon, C. M. S., Clarke, B., Barnes, P. J. 1987. Cardiovascular Effects of Infused Adenosine in Man: Potentiation by Dipyridamole. Acta Physiol Scand, 129(3): 387-391.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 0.09 mg/kg ivn hmn
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antitachycardic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 50-250 ug/kg/ivn
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
Hypertensive
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL >1 drink/day
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antidiuretic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Mucotropic Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Antitumor-Promoter Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticataract Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE IC50=90 nM
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Secretomotor
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Hypocalcemic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 4,000 orl rat
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL EC=60
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Tremorilytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL > Deet
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Teratogenic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 6,000 orl dog
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Emmenagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Oxytocic?
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Uricosuric
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Insulinic
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Glucogonogenic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiendotoxic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 500 mg/kg ipr mus
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Neurolytic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Arteriodilator
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Antihypertensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antialopecic
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Systolic-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Lactagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Antiinsomniac
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROCHRYMORIN
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Sclerosant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.