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Activities: 181
All Chemicals: 25
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
6,7-DEHYDRO-1,11B-BETA-DIHYDRORUBREMETINE Plant-- -- *
ALKALOIDS Root20000.0 40000.0 1.03 *
ASCORBIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (112)
Acidulant FEMA 6,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Analgesic 5-10 g/day
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
AntiAGE 2,000 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
AntiCFS 500-1,000 mg
AntiCTS 1,000 mg 3x/day
AntiCrohn's 50-100 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
AntiLyme 500-2,000 mg
AntiRaynaud's 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antiaggregant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiaging 400 mg/day
Antiallergic
Antialzheimeran 2,000-6,000 mg/day
Antiarthritic 0.2-1 g/day
Antiasthmatic 1,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticataract 350 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Anticataract 1 g 3x/day
Anticervicaldysplasic 1,000-2,000 mg/day
Anticlimacteric 500-5,000 mg/day
Anticold 1-2 g/man/day
Antidecubitic 500 mg/man/2x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antidementia
Antidepressant 2,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Antieczemic 3.5-5 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiedemic 1 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiendometriotic 2,000 mg/day
Antifatigue 500-1,000 mg
Antifibrotic 1,000-2,000 mg
Antigallstone 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigastritic
Antigingivitic
Antiglaucomic 2 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihangover 1,000 mg
Antihemorrhagic 1 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihepatitic 2-6 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihepatotoxic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiherpetic 1-5 g/day
Antihistaminic 2 g/day orl man
Antihypertensive
Antiinfertility 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinflammatory Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilepric 1.5 g/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antilithic 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antimaculitic
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 500-5,000 mg/day
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antineuramidase
Antinitrosic 1 g/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiobesity 1 g 3x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoarthritic 1 g 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic 500 mg/day
Antioxidant 100 ppm
Antiparkinsonian 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiperiodontitic 1 g 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiradicular Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiretinotic
Antirheumatic
Antirhinitic 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antiscorbutic 10 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiseptic MIC=3.3-217 mg/mlMartindale's 28th
Antiseptic 4-8 g/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antispasmodic 500-5,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,000 mg
Antisyndrome-X 1-4 g/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitumor (Gastric)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiulcer
Antiviral 1-5 g/day
Apoptotic 1-10 mM
Asthma-preventive 1,000 mg/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor 1.5 g/day/man
Calcium-Antagonist
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Cold-preventive 1-2 g/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Collagenic
Detoxicant
Diuretic 700 mg/man/orl
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypocholesterolemic 300-1,000 mg/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Hypoglycemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypotensive 1,000 mg/man/day
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Mucolytic 1 g/woman/dayMartindale's 28th
Pesticide
Uricosuric 4 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Vasodilator
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
CEPHAELINE Root8575.0 17700.0 *
Activities (7)
Amebicide Merck 11th Edition
Antimalarial IC50=0.011-0.027 uMRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.011-0.027 uMRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Emetic Martindale's 28th
Expectorant Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Protisticide
CHELIDONIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antiwart Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Irritant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
CHOLINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (20)
Antialzheimeran 5-16 g/man/day
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticirrhotic 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticystinuric
Antidementia
Antidiabetic
Antidyskinetic 150-200 mg/kg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antihomocysteine
Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antinociceptive
Antisteatotic
Cardiodepressant
Cerebrotonic
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypotensive
Ileorelaxant
Lipotropic
Memorigenic
Parasympathomimetic (1/1,000th acetylcholine)Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
CITRIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (23)
Allergenic
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Antiaphthic 20,000 ppmMartindale's 28th
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Anticalculic
Anticoagulant Merck 11th Edition
Antileishmanic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Antiseborrheic
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Antitubercular
Antitumor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
FLavor FEMA 370-4,400Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hemostat
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Litholytic Martindale's 29th
Mycobactericide
Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
DEHYDROBREMETINE Plant-- -- *
EMETAMINE Root-- -- *
EMETINE Root8000.0 26250.0 *
Activities (33)
Allergenic Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Amebicide (10 ppm), IC50=0.01-0.07 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic
Antidysenteric Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileishmanic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antileukemic
Antimalarial Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antipolio
Antiproteinigenic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antivaccinia
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Cardiotoxic Martindale's 29th
Cytotoxic IC50=0.02 ug/mlVlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
DNA-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Dermatitigenic Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Diaphoretic Martindale's 28th
Emetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Fungicide MIC=750-1500 ug/mlMartindale's 28th
HIF-1-Inhibitor IC50=0.11 muM
Hypotensive Martindale's 29th
Immunostimulant 1 ppm
Microphagocytogenic 1 ppm
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Occuloirritant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Pesticide
Protisticide
Secretolytic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
Vermicide Martindale's 28th
Vesicant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
EMETINE Leaf-- 4500.0 *
Activities (33)
Allergenic Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Amebicide (10 ppm), IC50=0.01-0.07 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic
Antidysenteric Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileishmanic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antileukemic
Antimalarial Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antipolio
Antiproteinigenic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antivaccinia
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Cardiotoxic Martindale's 29th
Cytotoxic IC50=0.02 ug/mlVlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
DNA-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Dermatitigenic Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Diaphoretic Martindale's 28th
Emetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Fungicide MIC=750-1500 ug/mlMartindale's 28th
HIF-1-Inhibitor IC50=0.11 muM
Hypotensive Martindale's 29th
Immunostimulant 1 ppm
Microphagocytogenic 1 ppm
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Occuloirritant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Pesticide
Protisticide
Secretolytic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
Vermicide Martindale's 28th
Vesicant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
HYDROIPECAMINE Root-- -- *
IPECACUANHIC-ACID Root-- -- *
IPECACUANHIN Root-- -- *
IPECAMINE Root-- -- *
IPECOSIDE Root-- 10000.0 *
ISOEMETINE Plant-- -- *
KRYPTONINE Root-- -- *
Activities (4)
Amebicide
Emetic
Hypotensive
Pesticide
MALIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (15)
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Antifibromyalgic 300 mg 3x/day
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Antiseborrheic
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Antitubercular
Antitumor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Bacteristat
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Hemopoietic
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Mycobactericide
Pesticide
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
O-METHYLPSYCHOTRINE Root-- -- *
PROTOEMETINE Root-- -- *
PSYCHOTRINE Root-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antimalarial IC50=0.1-0.4 uMRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.1-0.4 uMRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
PSYCHOTRINE-METHYL-ETHER Root-- -- *
STARCH Root300000.0 400000.0 0.35 *
Activities (5)
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Poultice Martindale's 29th
TANNINS Plant-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.