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All Chemicals: 45
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
SAPONIN Seed-- 72300.0 -0.13 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
PROTEIN Seed-- 32000.0 -1.8 *
FAT Seed-- 7000.0 -1.36 *
FIBER Seed-- 5000.0 -1.02 *
Activities (15)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antidiabetic
Antihypertensive
Antiobesity
Antitumor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Blocker
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive 10 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypouricemic
Laxative
Vasodilator
BAYIN Wood-- 3700.0 *
CASTANOSPERMINE Seed2.0 3000.0 *
Activities (11)
AntiHIV Merck 11th Edition
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant Merck 11th Edition
Antileukemic
Antiviral
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=1.5 uM
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Herbicide IC50=300 ppbLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hypoglycemic
Insecticide
Pesticide
CASTANOSPERMINE Leaf30.0 2700.0 *
Activities (11)
AntiHIV Merck 11th Edition
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant Merck 11th Edition
Antileukemic
Antiviral
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=1.5 uM
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Herbicide IC50=300 ppbLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hypoglycemic
Insecticide
Pesticide
3-EPI-AUSTRALINE Seed-- 1600.0 *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
6-EPI-CASTANOSPERMINE Seed-- 1000.0 *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
7,7A-DIEPIALEXINE Seed-- 1000.0 *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=0.13 uM
1,7A-DIEPIALEXINE Seed-- 650.0 *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=1.5 uM
CASTANOGENIN Wood-- 360.0 *
CASTANOSPERMINE Tissue Culture-- 40.0 *
Activities (11)
AntiHIV Merck 11th Edition
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant Merck 11th Edition
Antileukemic
Antiviral
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=1.5 uM
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Herbicide IC50=300 ppbLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hypoglycemic
Insecticide
Pesticide
CASTANOSPERMINE Fruit-- 30.0 *
Activities (11)
AntiHIV Merck 11th Edition
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant Merck 11th Edition
Antileukemic
Antiviral
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=1.5 uM
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Herbicide IC50=300 ppbLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hypoglycemic
Insecticide
Pesticide
KOPARIN Wood-- 13.0 *
Activities (1)
Antiinflammatory
1-EPIAUSTRALINE Leaf-- 5.0 *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
MEDICAGENIC-ACID-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf-- 4.0 *
CASTARALESIDE-F Leaf-- 3.0 *
CASTARALESIDE-G Leaf-- 1.0 *
CASTARALESIDE-H Leaf-- 0.9 *
6,7-DIEPICASTANOSPERMINE Seed-- -- *
3-EPI-AUSTRALINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
MEDICAGENIC-ACID Seed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (7)
Antinutrient Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Aphicide
Candidicide
Fungicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hemolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Molluscicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CASTANOSPERMINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (11)
AntiHIV Merck 11th Edition
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant Merck 11th Edition
Antileukemic
Antiviral
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=1.5 uM
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Herbicide IC50=300 ppbLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hypoglycemic
Insecticide
Pesticide
6-EPI-CASTANOSPERMINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
3,7A-DIEPIALEXINE Seed-- -- *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=2.1 uM
1,7A-DIEPIALEXINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=1.5 uM
MEDICAGENIC-ACID Wood-- -- *
Activities (7)
Antinutrient Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Aphicide
Candidicide
Fungicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hemolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Molluscicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CASTANOGENIN Seed-- -- *
CASTANOGENOL Bark-- -- *
7,7A-DIEPIALEXINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor ID50=0.13 uM
BAYOGENIN Wood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (3)
Fungicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Molluscicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Pesticide
STARCH Seed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (5)
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Poultice Martindale's 29th
FORMONONETIN Wood-- -- *
Activities (16)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Anticephalagic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antiulcer?
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic Merck 11th Edition
Fungicide ED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Fungicide ED50=>100
Fungicide IC16-18=100 uM
Herbicide-Safener Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
Myorelaxant Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
VAM-Stimulant Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
BAYOGENIN Bark-- -- *
Activities (3)
Fungicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Molluscicide 7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Pesticide
SAPONIN Wood-- -- Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
FAGOMINE Seed-- -- *
7,7ALPHA-DIEPIALEXINE Plant-- -- *
AUSTRALINE Seed-- -- *
Activities (1)
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
SWAINSONINE Seed-- -- *
Activities (7)
Anorectic Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Antimelanomic Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Antimetastatic Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Immunomodulator Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Mannosidase-Inhibitor
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
AFRORMOSIN Wood-- -- *
Activities (3)
Fungicide ED50=>100
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
N-(HYDROXY-ETHYL)-2-(HYDROXY-METHYL)-3-HYDROXYPYRROLIDINE Seed-- -- *
SAPONIN Leaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
1,7ALPHA-DIEPIALEXINE Plant-- -- *
3-HYDROXY-2-HYDROXY-METHYL-PYRROLIDINE-HYDROCHLORIDE Seed-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.