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ActivityReference
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Abortifacient Singla*, A.K. Pathak, K. 1989. Phytoconstituents of Euphorbia species. Fitoterapia 61(6): 483-508, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUPHOL
Allergenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
Antialopecic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL 30-50 ug/ml
Antiasthmatic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE 10 mg/kg/orl/man
Antiatheromic Cerda, J.J. Pectin in Health and Disease. HortScience, 25(12): 1485, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN 15 g/man/day
Antibacterial
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Anticellulitic
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN 10 g/man/day/orl
Antidiarrheic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antiedemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
LUPEOL
TARAXASTEROL
Antienteritic
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CAMELLIDIN-II
Antiflu
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antigastritic
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antihepatitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHOL
Antihepatotoxic Okuda, T., Yoshida, T., and Hatano, T. Antioxidant Effects of Tannins and Related Polyphenols. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.7 p.93.
Chemicals (1)
PEDUNCULAGIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (1)
DAMMARADIENOL
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
Antihyperglycemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
ALPHA-SPINASTEROL >Phenylbutazone
BETA-AMYRIN
LUPEOL 1/3 indomethacin
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
TARAXASTEROL 1/2 indomethacin
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PEDUNCULAGIN
Antilithic
Chemicals (2)
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
PECTIN
Antimalarial Khalid, S.A., Farouk, A., Geary**, T.G., and Jensen, J.B. 1985. Potential Antimalarial Candidates From African Plants: An In Vitro Approach Using Plasmodium falciparum*. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 15: 201-209, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL IC50=46.8 ug/ml
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (2)
PECTIN
PEDUNCULAGIN
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Antiobesity Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antioxalate
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
Antioxidant
Chemicals (4)
DELTA-7-AVENASTEROL
ELLAGITANNIN
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
PEDUNCULAGIN
Antiperoxidant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
PEDUNCULAGIN
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-SPINASTEROL
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antisecretory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TARAXEROL
Antiseptic
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHOL
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ELLAGITANNIN
LUPEOL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antitussive
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antiulcer Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
PECTIN
TARAXEROL
Antiurethrotic
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (2)
DAMMARADIENOL
LUPEOL
Arteriodilator
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
Chemicals (1)
PEDUNCULAGIN 10 uM
Bronchodilator Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
cAMP-Inhibitor Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE IC50=0.06 mg/ml
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
PECTIN
Cardiotonic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Cardiotoxic
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Choleretic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
LUPEOL 50-500 ppm
Demulcent
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Digitalic
Chemicals (1)
CAMELLIN
Diuretic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE 300-600 mg/man/day
Emetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Fatal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHOL
Fetotoxic
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE 100 mg/kg
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
FPTase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL IC50=65 ug/ml
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAMELLIDIN-II
PECTIN
CAMELLIDIN-I
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Hemostat
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE IC41=100 ppm
Hypocholesterolemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
PECTIN
Hypoglycemic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Immunostimulant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
OLEIC-ACID
Interferonogenic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
Irritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Myocardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Myostimulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
TIGLIC-ACID
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Pesticide
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHOL
CAMELLIDIN-II
DAMMARADIENOL
LUPEOL
PECTIN
THEOBROMINE
CAMELLIDIN-I
Propecic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGITANNIN
Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE 100 mg/kg
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL IC50=10.4 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Ooishi, K., Kato, J., Hayamizu, K. 1994. Topoisomerase Inhibitors Containing Tannins, Especially Pedunculagin, for Treatment of Cancer. Patent, Japan Kokai Tokkyo Koho-06 72,885. 7pp.
Chemicals (1)
PEDUNCULAGIN 0.03 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Kashiwada, Y., Nonaka, G. I., Nishioka, I., Lee, J. H., Bori, I., Fukushima, Y., Bastow, K. F., Lee, K. H. 1993. Tannins as Potent Inhibitors of DNA Topoisomerase II in vitro. J Pharm Sci, 82: 487-492.
Chemicals (1)
PEDUNCULAGIN IC100=0.5 uM
Vasodilator Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
Chemicals (1)
PEDUNCULAGIN IC50=18 uM
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.