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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=22-50 uM/l
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=0.155 mM/l
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
PROCYANIDIN-B-1 0.33 mg/ml (58.2% inhibition)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=0.216 mM/l
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Adrenalytic
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
DAUCOSTEROL 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity, 31.9% inhibition)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
VANILLIN IC50=4.26 mM
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
MYRCENE
VANILLIN
Analgesic
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 200-400
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (4)
D-LIMONENE IC22=1.2 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN IC68=200 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (2)
PROCYANIDIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiamebic Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antianemic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antiapoptotic
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (20)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
HARDWICKIC-ACID
LIGNIN
MAGNOFLORINE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
1,3,5-TRIMETHOXYBENZENE
2,4,6-TRIMETHOXYPHENOL
KORBERIN-A
KORBERIN-B
Antibiotic
Chemicals (2)
PROCYANIDIN
PRODELPHINIDIN
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
LIGNIN
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Anticancer (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Anticaries
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticoagulant
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Anticoronary
Chemicals (1)
LIGNIN
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS 100 mg/day/man
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
PROCYANIDIN-B-4
Antidiabetic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
(-)-EPICATECHIN 30 mg/kg rat
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
TANNIN
Antidrepanocytic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiedemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
EUGENOL 100
PROANTHOCYANIDINS 400 mg/kg/day orl rat
PROCYANIDIN
TASPINE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
Antiexudative
Chemicals (1)
PROCYANIDIN
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOBOLDINE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiflu
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
P-CYMENE
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Antigastrotic
Chemicals (1)
PROCYANIDIN-B-4
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigiardial Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihepatitic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
AntiHIV
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN EC50=4 ug/ml
LIGNIN
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml
Antihomocystinuric
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Antihyperglycemic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (10)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
SINOACUTINE IC26=300 ppm orl
TASPINE
(-)-EPICATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilactobacillic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Antileukemic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DAUCOSTEROL
TASPINE
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE IC50=450 uM/l
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (11)
(+)-CATECHIN ID50=50-100 nM
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
EPIGALLOCATECHIN
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
MYRCENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antimycotic
Chemicals (1)
LIGNANS
Antimyoatrophic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antineuromuscular
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE ED50=10 mg/kg
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
MYRCENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
GLAUCINE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
ISOBOLDINE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (16)
(+)-CATECHIN
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=1.4 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIGNANS
LIGNIN
MYRCENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS >Vit E-succinate
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN #NAME?
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=6.3 ug/ml
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=1.4 ug/ml
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiperoxidant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN
EPIGALLOCATECHIN
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
VANILLIN 7 x quercetin
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiretinopathic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiretroviral
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antisarcomic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE
Antiseptic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
HARDWICKIC-ACID
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisickling
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
DAUCOSTEROL 20 mg/kg
EUGENOL
GLAUCINE
MAGNOFLORINE
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antistroke
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS 200 mg/kg orl rat
Antisuperoxidogenic
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE IC50=49 nM
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antithyrotoxic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitumor
Chemicals (7)
DAUCOSTEROL
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
LIGNIN
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (3)
D-LIMONENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (2)
GLAUCINE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
EUGENOL
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIGNANS
LIGNIN
P-CYMENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
TASPINE
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
VANILLIN 8-30 mM
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Bactericide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN MIC 250 ug/ml
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bacteristat
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN 10-40 mmol/l
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN 10 uM (weak activity)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN 10 uM
EPIGALLOCATECHIN 10 uM
GLAUCINE 0.1 uM
PROCYANIDIN-B-4 10 uM
(-)-EPICATECHIN 10 uM
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN 10 uM
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS IC50=1 uM
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (9)
(+)-CATECHIN
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
TANNIN
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
VANILLIN 8-20 mM
Capillariprotective
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
PROCYANIDIN
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (2)
BETAINE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Cardiovascular
Chemicals (1)
LIGNANS
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cathartic
Chemicals (1)
LIGNANS
Chelator
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
D-LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
VANILLIN
Choline-Sparing
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE ED50=0.375 mg/kg
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MAGNOFLORINE
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Chemicals (2)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=183-279 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=546-5,910 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Curaroid Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE <1% tubocurarine
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
TANNIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
TASPINE 250 ng/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
Deodorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
EUGENOL
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Diuretic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
BETAINE
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOBOLDINE
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS IC50=~4 uM
Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Epitheliogenic
Chemicals (1)
4-O-DIMETHYLCEDRUSIN
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ethanolytic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Expectorant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETAINE
CAMPHENE
DIPENTENE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
D-LIMONENE FEMA 30-2,300
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
VANILLIN FEMA 50-20,000
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
HARDWICKIC-ACID
ISOBOLDINE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN
BETAINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TANNIN
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
EUGENOL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS IC50+=50-80 uM
PROCYANIDIN
Hypocholesterolemic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
D-LIMONENE
LIGNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DAUCOSTEROL
GLAUCINE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
GLAUCINE
MAGNOFLORINE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insulinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
P-CYMENE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=60 mM
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=21 uM
TANNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=140 uM
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=21 uM
Litholytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Mucogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN 1-10 uM
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN 400 uM
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN IC11=250 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TANNIN
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
D-LIMONENE IC50=0.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE
Pancreatogenic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Paralytic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
VANILLIN
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=0.228 ug/ml
Pesticide
Chemicals (24)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETAINE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
DIPENTENE
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HARDWICKIC-ACID
ISOBOLDINE
LIGNIN
MAGNOFLORINE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
KORBERIN-A
KORBERIN-B
Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Propecic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Protisticide Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Pyrogenic Pinto, L., Borrelli, F., Bombardelli, E., Cristoni, A., Capasso, F. 1998. Anti-Inflammatory, Analgesic and Antipyretic Effects of Glaucine in Rats and Mice. Pharm Pharmacol Commun, 4(10): 502-505.
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE 10 mg/kg igs rat
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respiradepressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (2)
TASPINE
(-)-EPICATECHIN 10 ng/ml
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Toxic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CATECHINS
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Vasodilator
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
MAGNOFLORINE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
(-)-EPICATECHIN uM
Vasorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Viristat
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE IC50=172-242 nM/ml
Vulnerary
Chemicals (3)
PROCYANIDIN-B-4
TASPINE ED50=15 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN
EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=>40
PROCYANIDIN IC50=>40
TANNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=>40
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=>40
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.