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Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN
EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=>40
PROCYANIDIN IC50=>40
TANNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=>40
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=>40
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (3)
PROCYANIDIN-B-4
TASPINE ED50=15 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Viristat
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE IC50=172-242 nM/ml
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Vasodilator Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
MAGNOFLORINE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
(-)-EPICATECHIN uM
Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
EUGENOL
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CATECHINS
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Toxic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Sedative Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
TASPINE
(-)-EPICATECHIN 10 ng/ml
Respiradepressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Pyrogenic Pinto, L., Borrelli, F., Bombardelli, E., Cristoni, A., Capasso, F. 1998. Anti-Inflammatory, Analgesic and Antipyretic Effects of Glaucine in Rats and Mice. Pharm Pharmacol Commun, 4(10): 502-505.
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE 10 mg/kg igs rat
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Protisticide Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Propecic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Pesticide
Chemicals (24)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETAINE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
DIPENTENE
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HARDWICKIC-ACID
ISOBOLDINE
LIGNIN
MAGNOFLORINE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
KORBERIN-A
KORBERIN-B
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=0.228 ug/ml
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
VANILLIN
Paralytic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE
Pancreatogenic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
D-LIMONENE IC50=0.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TANNIN
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN IC11=250 uM
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN 1-10 uM
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN 400 uM
Nephrotoxic
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Mucogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Litholytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (4)
EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=21 uM
TANNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=140 uM
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=21 uM
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=60 mM
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
P-CYMENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN
Insulinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insecticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GLAUCINE
MAGNOFLORINE
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DAUCOSTEROL
GLAUCINE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
D-LIMONENE
LIGNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS IC50+=50-80 uM
PROCYANIDIN
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
EUGENOL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Hepatoprotective Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN
BETAINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TANNIN
Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
HARDWICKIC-ACID
ISOBOLDINE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
D-LIMONENE FEMA 30-2,300
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
VANILLIN FEMA 50-20,000
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETAINE
CAMPHENE
DIPENTENE
Ethanolytic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Epitheliogenic
Chemicals (1)
4-O-DIMETHYLCEDRUSIN
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS IC50=~4 uM
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOBOLDINE
Diuretic
Chemicals (2)
BETAINE
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
EUGENOL
Deodorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
TASPINE 250 ng/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
TANNIN
Curaroid Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE <1% tubocurarine
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=546-5,910 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=183-279 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Chemicals (2)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MAGNOFLORINE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE ED50=0.375 mg/kg
Choline-Sparing
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
VANILLIN
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
D-LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Chelator
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
TANNIN
Cathartic
Chemicals (1)
LIGNANS
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiovascular
Chemicals (1)
LIGNANS
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (2)
BETAINE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Capillariprotective
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
PROCYANIDIN
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
VANILLIN 8-20 mM
Cancer-Preventive
Chemicals (9)
(+)-CATECHIN
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
TANNIN
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS IC50=1 uM
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN 10 uM (weak activity)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN 10 uM
EPIGALLOCATECHIN 10 uM
GLAUCINE 0.1 uM
PROCYANIDIN-B-4 10 uM
(-)-EPICATECHIN 10 uM
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN 10 uM
Bacteristat
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN 10-40 mmol/l
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bactericide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN MIC 250 ug/ml
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
VANILLIN 8-30 mM
Antiviral
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIGNANS
LIGNIN
P-CYMENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
TASPINE
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
EUGENOL
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (2)
GLAUCINE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (3)
D-LIMONENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Antitumor
Chemicals (7)
DAUCOSTEROL
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
LIGNIN
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TANNIN
VANILLIN
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antithyrotoxic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antisuperoxidogenic
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE IC50=49 nM
Antistroke
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS 200 mg/kg orl rat
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
DAUCOSTEROL 20 mg/kg
EUGENOL
GLAUCINE
MAGNOFLORINE
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisickling
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antiseptic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
HARDWICKIC-ACID
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisarcomic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiretroviral
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE
Antiretinopathic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiradicular
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN
EPIGALLOCATECHIN
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
VANILLIN 7 x quercetin
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiperoxidant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antioxidant
Chemicals (16)
(+)-CATECHIN
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=1.4 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIGNANS
LIGNIN
MYRCENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS >Vit E-succinate
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
VANILLIN #NAME?
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=6.3 ug/ml
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN IC50=1.4 ug/ml
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
ISOBOLDINE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (3)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
GLAUCINE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
MYRCENE
Antineuromuscular
Chemicals (1)
MAGNOFLORINE ED50=10 mg/kg
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antimyoatrophic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Antimycotic
Chemicals (1)
LIGNANS
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (11)
(+)-CATECHIN ID50=50-100 nM
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
EPIGALLOCATECHIN
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
MYRCENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE IC50=450 uM/l
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antileukemic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DAUCOSTEROL
TASPINE
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antilactobacillic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (10)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
SINOACUTINE IC26=300 ppm orl
TASPINE
(-)-EPICATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihyperglycemic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antihomocystinuric
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN EC50=4 ug/ml
LIGNIN
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihepatitic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antigiardial Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigastrotic
Chemicals (1)
PROCYANIDIN-B-4
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Antiflu
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
P-CYMENE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOBOLDINE
Antiexudative
Chemicals (1)
PROCYANIDIN
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Antiedemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
EUGENOL 100
PROANTHOCYANIDINS 400 mg/kg/day orl rat
PROCYANIDIN
TASPINE
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidrepanocytic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
TANNIN
Antidiabetic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
(-)-EPICATECHIN 30 mg/kg rat
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
PROCYANIDIN-B-4
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS 100 mg/day/man
Anticoronary
Chemicals (1)
LIGNIN
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN 1/2 aspirin
Anticoagulant
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticaries
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
LIGNIN
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antibiotic
Chemicals (2)
PROCYANIDIN
PRODELPHINIDIN
Antibacterial
Chemicals (20)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
HARDWICKIC-ACID
LIGNIN
MAGNOFLORINE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
PROCYANIDIN
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
(-)-EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
1,3,5-TRIMETHOXYBENZENE
2,4,6-TRIMETHOXYPHENOL
KORBERIN-A
KORBERIN-B
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiapoptotic
Chemicals (1)
TASPINE
Antianemic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiamebic Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antialopecic
Chemicals (1)
PROANTHOCYANIDINS
Antiallergic
Chemicals (2)
PROCYANIDIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN IC68=200 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (4)
D-LIMONENE IC22=1.2 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 200-400
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
LIGNANS
MYRCENE
VANILLIN
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allelochemic Hanke, F. J., Natural Products as a Resource for Biologically Active Compounds, Thesis, U. Cal (Santa Cruz), 1986, 252 pp
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
VANILLIN IC50=4.26 mM
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
DAUCOSTEROL 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity, 31.9% inhibition)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Adrenalytic
Chemicals (1)
GLAUCINE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=0.155 mM/l
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
PROCYANIDIN-B-1 0.33 mg/ml (58.2% inhibition)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=0.216 mM/l
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=22-50 uM/l
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.