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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
Analgesic
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
LIMONENE
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (2)
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (2)
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
D-BORNEOL
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Emetic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
D-BORNEOL
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Expectorant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
Fungicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
D-BORNEOL
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
D-BORNEOL
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MYRTENAL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.