Data Views

Activities: 209
All Chemicals: 28
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
(+)-CORYDINE Leaf-- 540.0 *
(+)-GLAUCINE Leaf-- 54.0 *
Activities (1)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 50 uMKubo, M., et al. 1994. Studies on Anti-cataract Drugs from Natural Sources. I. Effects of a Methanolic Extract and the Alkaloidal Components from Corydalis Tuber on in vit Aldose Reductase Activity. Biol Pharm Bull, 17(3): 458-459.
(+)-ISOCORYDINE Leaf-- 1081.0 *
Activities (5)
Analgesic
Antiarrhythmic
Antihistaminic
Antispasmodic
Vasodilator
5'-METHOXYHYDNOCARPIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
MDR-Inhibitor Stermitz, F. R., Lorenz, P., Tawara, J. N., Zenewicz, L. A., Lewis, K. 2000. Synergy in a medicinal plant: antimicrobial action of berberine potentiated by 5'-methoxyhydnocarpin, a multidrug pump inhibitor. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 97(4): 1433-1437.
BERBERINE Stem-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (130)
(+)-Inotropic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Abortifacient
Adrenolytic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Amebicide 200 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Amebicide EC83=100 ug/ml orl ratMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Analgesic
Anesthetic
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Antiacne Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antiadrenergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiaggregant
Antialzheimeran
Antiamnesic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antiangiogenic
Antiarrhythmic
Antiarthritic
Antibacillus MIC=200 ug/ml
Antibacterial 100 mg/4x/day
Antibacterial 12.5-2,500 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antibacterial MIC=6-630 ug/ml
Antibiotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticancer
Anticariogenic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antichlamydial
Anticholecystitic 5-20 mg/3x/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticholera 150 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Anticirrhotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticonjunctivitic 0.20%Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticonvulsant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antidiarrheic 100 mg/4x/day
Antidysenteric 100 mg/4x/day
Antiedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antiendotoxic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antienterotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiesherichic
Antigiardial 10 mg/kg/day
Antiglaucomic
Antigonorrhea
Antihepatomic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antihepatotic
Antiherpetic
Antihistaminic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antiischemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antileishmanic 10 ug/ml
Antilipogenic IC63=10 uMMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimalarial 0.14-0.36 ug/ml
Antimalarial 50 uM
Antimitotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimuscarinic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antimyalgic
Antimycotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antineoplastic
Antinephritic
Antiperistaltic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiphotooxidative
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.14-0.36 ug/ml
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipyretic 3 x aspirin
Antisalmonella
Antisecretory
Antiseptic 25 ug/ml
Antishigellic 12.5 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispermigenic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistrep Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antisyphilitic
Antitrachomic 0.20%
Antitrypanosomic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antitubercular MIC=25 ug/ml
Antitumor (brain) IC91=150 ug/mlWerbach & Murray, 1994.
Antiulcer
Antivaginitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiviral Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Astringent
Bilirubinolytic
COX-2-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Calcium-Antagonist Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Candidicide
Cardiodepressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Cardiotonic
Carminative Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Cholagogue
Cholekinetic
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Collyrium
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Digestive
Diuretic
Emetic
Fungicide 12.5-150 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Glaucomagenic
Hemostat
Hypocholesterolemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive
Immunostimulant
Lachrymatory Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Larvicide 9 ppm
Leucocytogenic
Lipase-Inhibitor Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=118 uM
Mutagenic
Mycobactericide MIC=25-50 ug/ml
Mydriatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Myocardiodepressant
Myorelaxant
Pesticide
Phototoxic 9 ppm
Plasmodicide IC50=0.14-0.36 ug/ml
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 25 mg/kg ivn rbtHuang, C. G., Chu, Z. L., Yang, Z. M. 1991. Effect of Berberine on Synthesis of Platelet TXA2 and Plasma PGI2 in Rabbits. Chung-Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao, 12(6): 526-528.
Protisticide IC50=0.14-0.36 ug/ml
RNA-Depressant
RT-Inhibitor
Respiradepressant Martindale's 28th
Sedative
Stomachic
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 2.5 uMKobayashi, Y, Yamashita, Y., Fujii, N., Takaboshi, K., Kawakami, T., Kawamura, M., Mizukami, T., Nakano, H. 1995. Inhibitors of DNA Topoisomerase I and II Isolated From the Coptis Rhizomes. Planta Medica, 61: 414-418.
Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
Trypanocide
Uterocontractant
Uterotonic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Vagostimulant man
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodilator 2 mg/kg cat
Vermifuge
Vibriofuge
BERBERINE Root-- 1417.0 -1.19 *
Activities (130)
(+)-Inotropic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Abortifacient
Adrenolytic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Amebicide 200 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Amebicide EC83=100 ug/ml orl ratMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Analgesic
Anesthetic
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Antiacne Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antiadrenergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiaggregant
Antialzheimeran
Antiamnesic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antiangiogenic
Antiarrhythmic
Antiarthritic
Antibacillus MIC=200 ug/ml
Antibacterial 100 mg/4x/day
Antibacterial 12.5-2,500 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antibacterial MIC=6-630 ug/ml
Antibiotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticancer
Anticariogenic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antichlamydial
Anticholecystitic 5-20 mg/3x/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticholera 150 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Anticirrhotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticonjunctivitic 0.20%Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticonvulsant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antidiarrheic 100 mg/4x/day
Antidysenteric 100 mg/4x/day
Antiedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antiendotoxic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antienterotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiesherichic
Antigiardial 10 mg/kg/day
Antiglaucomic
Antigonorrhea
Antihepatomic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antihepatotic
Antiherpetic
Antihistaminic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antiischemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antileishmanic 10 ug/ml
Antilipogenic IC63=10 uMMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimalarial 0.14-0.36 ug/ml
Antimalarial 50 uM
Antimitotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimuscarinic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antimyalgic
Antimycotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antineoplastic
Antinephritic
Antiperistaltic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiphotooxidative
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.14-0.36 ug/ml
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipyretic 3 x aspirin
Antisalmonella
Antisecretory
Antiseptic 25 ug/ml
Antishigellic 12.5 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispermigenic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistrep Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antisyphilitic
Antitrachomic 0.20%
Antitrypanosomic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antitubercular MIC=25 ug/ml
Antitumor (brain) IC91=150 ug/mlWerbach & Murray, 1994.
Antiulcer
Antivaginitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiviral Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Astringent
Bilirubinolytic
COX-2-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Calcium-Antagonist Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Candidicide
Cardiodepressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Cardiotonic
Carminative Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Cholagogue
Cholekinetic
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Collyrium
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Digestive
Diuretic
Emetic
Fungicide 12.5-150 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Glaucomagenic
Hemostat
Hypocholesterolemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive
Immunostimulant
Lachrymatory Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Larvicide 9 ppm
Leucocytogenic
Lipase-Inhibitor Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=118 uM
Mutagenic
Mycobactericide MIC=25-50 ug/ml
Mydriatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Myocardiodepressant
Myorelaxant
Pesticide
Phototoxic 9 ppm
Plasmodicide IC50=0.14-0.36 ug/ml
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 25 mg/kg ivn rbtHuang, C. G., Chu, Z. L., Yang, Z. M. 1991. Effect of Berberine on Synthesis of Platelet TXA2 and Plasma PGI2 in Rabbits. Chung-Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao, 12(6): 526-528.
Protisticide IC50=0.14-0.36 ug/ml
RNA-Depressant
RT-Inhibitor
Respiradepressant Martindale's 28th
Sedative
Stomachic
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 2.5 uMKobayashi, Y, Yamashita, Y., Fujii, N., Takaboshi, K., Kawakami, T., Kawamura, M., Mizukami, T., Nakano, H. 1995. Inhibitors of DNA Topoisomerase I and II Isolated From the Coptis Rhizomes. Planta Medica, 61: 414-418.
Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
Trypanocide
Uterocontractant
Uterotonic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Vagostimulant man
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodilator 2 mg/kg cat
Vermifuge
Vibriofuge
CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf-- -- Grace, S. C., Logan, B. A., Adams III, W. W. 1998. Seasonal Differences in Foliar Content of Chlorogenic Acid, a Phenylpropanoid Antioxidant, in Mahonia repens. Plant Cell Environ, 21(5): 513-521.
Activities (77)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
Allelochemic
Allergenic
Analgesic
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiHIV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiLegionella
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Anticancer (Liver)
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticarcinogenic
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant
Antigenotoxic
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Antihemolytic 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antihepatotoxic
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antihistaminic
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antihyperthyroid
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Antileukotriene
Antimelanogenic
Antimutagenic
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant IC53=200 ppmHuang, M-T., and Ferraro, T. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Cancer Prevention. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.2 p.21.
Antioxidant IC80=12 uM
Antioxidant IC50=54.2 uM
Antiperoxidant IC50=36 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Antiradicular 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antiradicular 9 x quercetin
Antiseptic
Antisunburn
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Antitumor (Liver)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC25=10 uM
Antiulcer Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Autotoxic
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
CNS-Stimulant 1/6 Caffeine
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
Collagen-Sparing
Diuretic
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Histamine-Inhibitor
Hypoglycemic
Immunostimulant
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC23=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
NO-Genic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Sunscreen
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Vulnerary
COLUMBAMINE Stem-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (7)
Antibacterial
Antimalarial 0.72 ug/ml
CNS-Depressant
Choleretic
Enterotonic
Hypotensive
Pesticide
COLUMBAMINE Root-- 28.0 *
Activities (7)
Antibacterial
Antimalarial 0.72 ug/ml
CNS-Depressant
Choleretic
Enterotonic
Hypotensive
Pesticide
JATRORRHIZINE Stem-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (13)
Antiinflammatory
Antimalarial IC50=0.42-1.61 ug/ml
Antiphotooxidative
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.42-1.61 ug/ml
CNS-Depressant
CNS-Stimulant
Enterotonic
Fungicide Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Hypotensive Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Pesticide
Protisticide IC50=0.42-1.61 ug/ml
Sedative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Uterocontractant Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
JATRORRHIZINE Root-- -- *
Activities (13)
Antiinflammatory
Antimalarial IC50=0.42-1.61 ug/ml
Antiphotooxidative
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.42-1.61 ug/ml
CNS-Depressant
CNS-Stimulant
Enterotonic
Fungicide Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Hypotensive Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Pesticide
Protisticide IC50=0.42-1.61 ug/ml
Sedative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Uterocontractant Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
MAGNOFLORINE Stem-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (11)
Antibacterial
Antineuromuscular ED50=10 mg/kg
Antispasmodic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Curaroid <1% tubocurarineNeuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Hypotensive
PAF-Inhibitor
Paralytic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Pesticide
Toxic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Vasodilator Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
MAGNOFLORINE Root-- -- *
Activities (11)
Antibacterial
Antineuromuscular ED50=10 mg/kg
Antispasmodic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Curaroid <1% tubocurarineNeuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Hypotensive
PAF-Inhibitor
Paralytic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Pesticide
Toxic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Vasodilator Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
OBABERINE Root-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (4)
Antileishmanic
Antitrypanosomic
Pesticide
Protisticide
OBABERINE Stem-- 25.0 *
Activities (4)
Antileishmanic
Antitrypanosomic
Pesticide
Protisticide
OBAMEGINE Stem-- 35.0 *
Activities (4)
Antimalarial IC50=0.51 ug/ml (1/4 x chloroquine)
Hypotensive 1 mg/kg
Pesticide
Protisticide
OBAMEGINE Root-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (4)
Antimalarial IC50=0.51 ug/ml (1/4 x chloroquine)
Hypotensive 1 mg/kg
Pesticide
Protisticide
OXYACANTHINE Root-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (10)
Antibacterial
Anticarcinomic ED50=760 ppb
Antimalarial IC50=0.3 ug/mlRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Antioxidant
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.3 ug/mlRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=0.98 uM pig
Choleretic
Cytotoxic >30
Membranomodulator
Pesticide
OXYACANTHINE Stem-- -- *
Activities (10)
Antibacterial
Anticarcinomic ED50=760 ppb
Antimalarial IC50=0.3 ug/mlRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Antioxidant
Antiplasmodial IC50=0.3 ug/mlRukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=0.98 uM pig
Choleretic
Cytotoxic >30
Membranomodulator
Pesticide
PALMATINE Stem-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (17)
Abortifacient
Adrenocorticotrophic
Analgesic
Antialzheimeran? Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiarrhythmic
Antibacterial
Anticholinesterase Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiinfarctal
Antiinflammatory
Antimalarial
Antipyretic Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
CNS-Depressant
Hypotensive Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Inotropic
Pesticide
Respiradepressant
Uterotonic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
PALMATINE Root-- -- *
Activities (17)
Abortifacient
Adrenocorticotrophic
Analgesic
Antialzheimeran? Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiarrhythmic
Antibacterial
Anticholinesterase Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiinfarctal
Antiinflammatory
Antimalarial
Antipyretic Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
CNS-Depressant
Hypotensive Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Inotropic
Pesticide
Respiradepressant
Uterotonic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
SUCROSE Stem-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (14)
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antihiccup 1 tspMartindale's 29th
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant Merck 11th Edition
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Sweetener 1 x sucroseMerck 11th Edition
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vulnerary Martindale's 29th
SUCROSE Root-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (14)
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antihiccup 1 tspMartindale's 29th
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant Merck 11th Edition
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Sweetener 1 x sucroseMerck 11th Edition
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vulnerary Martindale's 29th
SYRINGARESINOL Stem-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (1)
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=265 uM gpg (weak activity)
SYRINGARESINOL Root-- 85.0 *
Activities (1)
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=265 uM gpg (weak activity)
THALIPORPHINE Leaf-- 22.0 *
THALRUGOSINE Root-- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Activities (1)
Membranomodulator
THALRUGOSINE Stem-- 15.0 *
Activities (1)
Membranomodulator
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.