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ActivityReference
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Acaricide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=7.7 mM/l
VICENIN-2 IC50=0.2 mM/l
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Andary, C. Caffeic Acid Glycoside Esters and Pharmacology. Polyphenolic Phenom, 1993: 237-245.
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
DELTA-CADINENE
FORSYTHOSIDE-B IC50=4.83 uM
VERBASCOSIDE IC50=0.39-15.1 uM
ARENARIOSIDE IC50=2.38 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Analgesic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 69.
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
VERBASCOSIDE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiallergenic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiallergic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 4 uM
GALLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Antiarrhythmic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
FERULIC-ACID
MARRUBIIN
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antibacterial Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
SABINENE
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Antibronchitic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VICENIN-2
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anticancer (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID ED50=3
VICENIN-2
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiedemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
FERULIC-ACID
Antifeedant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
VERBASCOSIDE
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID EC50=>10 ug/ml
Antihiccup Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE 1 tsp
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LINALOOL
AntiHIV
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihypertensive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN #NAME?
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
VERBASCOSIDE
VICENIN-2 ED50=148 (ipr mus)
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID EC50=4.4 ug/ml
Antileukemic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
VERBASCOSIDE ED50=2.6 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
AntiMRSA
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
TAGERETIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
MARRUBIIN
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (11)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
FORSYTHOSIDE-B ED50=1 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC44=33 ppm
SUCROSE
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
VERBASCOSIDE ED50=1 uM
ARENARIOSIDE ED50=1.8 uM
BALLOTETROSIDE ED50=7.5 uM
Antiperiodontitic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=69 uM
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
VICENIN-2
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiproteolytic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiradicular
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
SABINENE
VERBASCOSIDE
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antistaph
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSIDE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Antisunburn
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SABINENE
TANNIN
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiviral
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
CAFFEIC-ACID
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
GALLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Bacteristat Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Candidicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Carminative
Chemicals (2)
COPAENE
LINALOOL
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
MARRUBIIN
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LINALOOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytotoxic Planta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 500 uM
LINALOOL
VERBASCOSIDE ED50=2.6 ug/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LINALOOL
MARRUBIIN
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
RAFFINOSE
STACHYOSE
SUCROSE
Flatulent
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Fungicide
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TAGERETIN
VERBASCOSIDE MIC=0.4 mg/ml
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Hemostat
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 210.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
FERULIC-ACID
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Hypertensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSIDE
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CHOLINE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Insecticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
TANNIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID IC-26=250 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
TANNIN
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
SABINENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DELTA-CADINENE
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GERMACRENE-D
LINALOOL
TAGERETIN
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Phytoalexin
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSIDE
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
VERBASCOSIDE
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Xu, L. N., Yu, W. G., Tian, J. Y., Liu, Q. Y. 1990. Effect of Sodium Ferulate on Arachidonic Acid Metabolism. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 25(6): 412-416.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 20 uM
Radioprotective
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
VICENIN-2
Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Sedative
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Styptic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SUCROSE 1 x sucrose
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Hamada, S. I., Kataoka, T., Woo, J. T., Yamada, A., Yoshida, T., Nishimura, T., Otake, N., Nagai, K. 1997. Immunosuppressive Effects by Gallic Acid and Chebulagic Acid on CTL-Mediated Cytotoxicity. Biol Pharm Bull, 20: 1017-1019.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
Vulnerary
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.