Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DELTA-CADINENE
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GERMACRENE-D
LINALOOL
TAGERETIN
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Antibacterial Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
SABINENE
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (11)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
FORSYTHOSIDE-B ED50=1 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC44=33 ppm
SUCROSE
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
VERBASCOSIDE ED50=1 uM
ARENARIOSIDE ED50=1.8 uM
BALLOTETROSIDE ED50=7.5 uM
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN #NAME?
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
VERBASCOSIDE
VICENIN-2 ED50=148 (ipr mus)
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
SABINENE
VERBASCOSIDE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Antiviral
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Andary, C. Caffeic Acid Glycoside Esters and Pharmacology. Polyphenolic Phenom, 1993: 237-245.
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
DELTA-CADINENE
FORSYTHOSIDE-B IC50=4.83 uM
VERBASCOSIDE IC50=0.39-15.1 uM
ARENARIOSIDE IC50=2.38 uM
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Fungicide
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
TAGERETIN
VERBASCOSIDE MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antispasmodic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 73.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Analgesic
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
VERBASCOSIDE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
SABINENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antihepatotoxic Okuda, T., Yoshida, T., and Hatano, T. Antioxidant Effects of Tannins and Related Polyphenols. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.7 p.93.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 210.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
MARRUBIIN
Cytotoxic Planta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 500 uM
LINALOOL
VERBASCOSIDE ED50=2.6 ug/ml
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID EC50=>10 ug/ml
Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antileukemic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
VERBASCOSIDE ED50=2.6 ug/ml
Antiradicular
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
AntiHIV
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Sedative
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
VICENIN-2
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SABINENE
TANNIN
Antifeedant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
VERBASCOSIDE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
Candidicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
FERULIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VICENIN-2
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
TANNIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
GALLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=69 uM
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
FERULIC-ACID
MARRUBIIN
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
RAFFINOSE
STACHYOSE
SUCROSE
Vulnerary
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
FERULIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 4 uM
GALLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Antiedemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LINALOOL
MARRUBIIN
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiallergic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID EC50=4.4 ug/ml
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
MARRUBIIN
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
VERBASCOSIDE
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LINALOOL
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=7.7 mM/l
VICENIN-2 IC50=0.2 mM/l
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SUCROSE 1 x sucrose
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
TAGERETIN
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
CAFFEIC-ACID
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
FERULIC-ACID
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Insecticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antihypertensive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
VERBASCOSIDE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CHOLINE
Anticarcinomic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID ED50=3
VICENIN-2
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Hamada, S. I., Kataoka, T., Woo, J. T., Yamada, A., Yoshida, T., Nishimura, T., Otake, N., Nagai, K. 1997. Immunosuppressive Effects by Gallic Acid and Chebulagic Acid on CTL-Mediated Cytotoxicity. Biol Pharm Bull, 20: 1017-1019.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Radioprotective
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
VICENIN-2
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
Carminative
Chemicals (2)
COPAENE
LINALOOL
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
TANNIN
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antisunburn
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
Antiperiodontitic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Styptic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 20 uM
AntiMRSA
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiproteolytic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Hypertensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSIDE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Bacteristat Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hemostat
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antistaph
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSIDE
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
Antiallergenic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Phytoalexin
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSIDE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Xu, L. N., Yu, W. G., Tian, J. Y., Liu, Q. Y. 1990. Effect of Sodium Ferulate on Arachidonic Acid Metabolism. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 25(6): 412-416.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
Antihiccup Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE 1 tsp
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Acaricide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID IC-26=250 uM
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL > Deet
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Anticancer (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Flatulent
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSE
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.