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ActivityReference
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Analgesic
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MYRCENE
SABINENE
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticonvulsant Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antipruritic
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
SABINENE
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Antiulcer
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiviral
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-PINENE
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Cardiotonic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Carminative
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
Chemicals (1)
QUINIC-ACID
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Emetic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZYL-ACETATE FEMA 35-800
BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fema 200-1,200
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 0.8-10
Fungicide
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypotensive Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-ACETATE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LINALOOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE
SABINENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumorigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.