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ActivityReference
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZYL-ACETATE FEMA 35-800
BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fema 200-1,200
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 0.8-10
Pesticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
SABINENE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE
SABINENE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-ACETATE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Antibacterial Revista Itiliana Eppos, 12: 5, 1994.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MYRCENE
SABINENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cancer-Preventive
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Antiviral
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Fungicide
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LINALOOL
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Antifeedant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cardiotonic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Candidicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-PINENE
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Antiradicular
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Tumorigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Emetic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Carminative
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Hypotensive Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ACETATE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiedemic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipruritic
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
Chemicals (1)
QUINIC-ACID
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.