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Activities: 895
All Chemicals: 834
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
(-)-TRANS-ISO-MENTH-5-EN-2-OL Plant-- -- *
1,1-DIPHENYL-ETHANE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
1,2,3-TRIMETHYL-BENZENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
1,2,4-TRIMETHYL-BENZENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
1,2-DIMETHOXY-BENZENE Hull Husk-- -- *
1,2-DIMETHOXY-BENZENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
1,2-DIMETHYL-4-ETHYL-BENZENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
1,3-AMINO-PROPYL-PYRROLINIUM Sprout Seedling-- -- *
1,3-DIMETHYL-4-ETHYL-BENZENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
1,8-CINEOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
1,8-CINEOLE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (67)
(-)-Chronotropic 87 nl/mlHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
(-)-Inotropic 87 nl/mlHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Acaricide LC100=6 uM
Allelopathic
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC50=41 ug/ml
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Antibacterial 50 ppm
Antibronchitic
Anticariogenic
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Anticholinesterase IC50=50-70
Antifatigue
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Antiinflammatory
Antilaryngitic
Antinociceptive
Antipharyngitic
Antiplaque
Antirheumatic
Antirhinitic
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antisinusitic
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic 50 ppm
Antitussive
Antiulcer
CNS-Stimulant
Candidicide
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Choleretic
Convulsant
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Decongestant
Degranulant 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Edemagenic inj
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 1-200Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Gastroprotective
Gram(+)icide
Gram(-)icide
Hepatotonic
Herbicide IC50=78 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Hypotensive
Inflammatory inj
Insectifuge
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Neurotoxic
P450-Inducer
Pediculicide 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Secretogogue
Sedative
Spasmogenic
Surfactant
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Transdermal
Trichomonicide LD100=1,000 ug/ml
1-(3-METHYL-2-FURYL)PROPANE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
1-ACETO-METHYL-NAPTHONE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
1-ACETO-NAPTHONE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
1-O-FERULOYL-BETA-D-GLUCOSE Leaf-- -- *
1-O-SINAPOYL-BETA-D-GLUCOSE Leaf-- -- *
1-P-HYDROXY-TRANS-CINNAMOYL)-GLYCEROL Seed-- 45.0 *
1.2 Seed-- -- *
10-OXO-OCTADEC-TRANS-11-EN-13-OLIDE Seed-- 0.3 *
2''-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYL-6-C-FUCOSYL-3'-METHOXY-LUTEOLIN Silk Stigma Style-- 50.0 *
2''-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYL-6-C-FUCOSYL-LUTEOLIN Silk Stigma Style-- 50.0 *
2''-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYL-6-C-QUINOVOSYL-LUTEOLIN Silk Stigma Style-- 67.0 *
2'-O-ALPHA-RHAMNOSYL-6C-(6-DEOXO-XYLO-HEXOS-4-ULOSYL)-APIGENIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2'-O-ALPHA-RHAMNOSYL-6C-(6-DEOXO-XYLO-HEXOS-4-ULOSYL)-APIGENIN Plant-- -- *
2'-O-ALPHA-RHAMNOSYL-6C-(6-DEOXO-XYLO-HEXOS-4-ULOSYL)-CHRYSOERIOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2'-O-ALPHA-RHAMNOSYL-6C-(6-DEOXO-XYLO-HEXOS-4-ULOSYL)-CHRYSOERIOL Plant-- -- *
2(3)-BENZOXAZOLINONE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2(H)-1-4-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H)-ONE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2,3-DIHYDRO-2-PYRAN-2-CARBOXALDEHYDE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
2,4-DIHYDROXY-6,7-DIMETHOXY-2H,1,4-BENZOXAZIN-3-ONE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2,4-METHYLENE-CHOLESTEROL Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
2-(2,4-DIHYDROXY-1,4(2H)-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H)-ON-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2-(2,4-DIHYDROXY-7-METHOXY-1,4(2H)-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H) Plant-- -- *
2-(2,4-DIHYDROXY-7-METHOXY-1,4(2H)-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H9 Plant-- -- *
2-(2,4-DIHYDROXY-7-METHOXY-1,4-BENZOXAZIN-3-ONE-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2-(2-4-DIHYDROXY-7-METHOXY-1-4(2H)-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H9-ON)-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDIHYDROXY-7-METHOXY Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2-(2-HYDROXY-1,4(2H)-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H)-ON-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2-(2-HYDROXY-7-METHOXY-1,4(2H)-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H)-ON-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
2-(2-HYDROXY-7-METHOXY-1,4-BENZOXAZIN-3-ONE-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- -- *
2-(5-CHLORO-2-HYDROXY-7-METHOXY-(2H)-1,4-BENZOXAZIN-3-(4H)-ONE-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- -- *
2-(5-CHLORO-2-HYDROXY-7-METHOXY-1,4(2H)-BENZOXAZIN-3(4H0)-ONE-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- -- *
2-ACETO-NAPTHONE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
2-CARBOXYARABINITOL Leaf-- 12.0 -0.85 Moore, B. D., Isidoro, E., Seemann, J. R. 1993. Distribution of 2-Carboxyarabinitol Among Plants. Phytochemistry 34 3: 703-707. Dept. Biochem. Univ. Nevada Reno 89557, USA.
2-ETHYL-1-CYCLOHEXEN-1-YL Essential Oil-- 80000.0 *
2-ETHYL-HEX-AN-1-OL Plant-- -- *
2-ETHYL-HEX-AN-1-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-ETHYL-HEX-AN-1-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 *
2-ETHYL-HEX-AN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-METHYL-BUTAN-1-AL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-METHYL-BUTAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-METHYL-NAPHTHALENE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-METHYL-NAPHTHALENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-METHYL-NAPHTHALENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-METHYL-NAPHTHALENE Silk Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-METHYL-PENT-2-EN-1-AL Leaf-- -- *
2-METHYL-PENT-2-EN-1-AL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-METHYL-PENTAN-3-ONE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-METHYL-PROPAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-O-CAFFEOYLHYDROXY-CITRIC-ACID Shoot-- -- *
2-O-FERULOYL-HYDROXY-CITRIC-ACID Shoot-- -- *
2-O-P-COUMAROYL-HYDROXY-CITRIC-ACID Shoot-- -- *
2-PENTYL-FURAN Plant-- -- *
2-PENTYL-FURAN Essential Oil-- 10000.0 *
2-PENTYL-FURAN Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
2-PENTYL-FURAN Seed Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 *
2-PENTYL-FURAN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
2-PENTYL-FURAN Husk Essent. Oil-- 29000.0 *
2-PHENYLALDEHYDE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
2-THIOPHENE-ACETALDEHYDE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
24-ETHYL-CHOLESTEROL Root-- -- *
24-ETHYLIDENE-LOPHENOL Shoot-- -- *
24-METHYL-23-DEHYDRO-CHOLESTEROL Seed Oil-- -- *
24-METHYL-CHOLESTEROL Root-- -- *
24-METHYLENE-CYCLOARTANOL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (5)
Antiinflammatory
Antinociceptive
Antirheumatic 2-5 mg/man
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Hypocholesterolemic
24-METHYLENE-CYCLOARTENOL Plant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
24-METHYLENE-LOPHENOL Shoot-- -- *
28-NORCASTASTERONE Seed-- -- *
3'-METHOXYMAYSIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
3'-NUCLEOTIDASE Tissue Culture-- -- *
3'-O-METHYL-MAYSIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
3,7-DIHYDROXY-INDOLIN-2-ONE-3-ACETIC-ACID-7'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
3-7-DIHYDROXY-INDOLIN-2-ONE-3-ACETIC ACID 7'-O-BETA-GLUCOSIDE Seed-- 1.2 *
3-FERULOYLQUINIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
3-METHYL-BUTAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
3-METHYL-INDOLE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
3-O-CAFFEOYLQUINIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antioxidant
3-O-COUMARYLQUINIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
4-ACETYL-BENZOXAZOLIN-2-ONE Fruit-- 27.0 *
4-ETHYL-GUAIACOL Seed-- -- *
4-ETHYLPHENOL Seed-- -- *
4-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Tissue Culture-- -- *
4-HYDROXYBENZALDEHYDE Cob-- -- *
Activities (3)
Allelochemic IC50=0.38 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Pesticide
4-METHYL-GUAIACOL Seed-- -- *
4-VINYL-4-DEETHYL-CHLOROPHYLL-A Plant-- -- *
4-VINYL-GUAIACOL Seed-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antiedemic
Antiinflammatory
Antiprostaglandin
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=18 uM
4-VINYL-PHENOL Seed-- -- *
5,6-DIHYDRO-2-PYRAN-2-CARBOXALDEHYDE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
5-DEHYDRO-AVENASTEROL Seed Oil-- -- *
5-DEHYDRO-AVENASTEROL Seed-- -- *
5-HYDROXY-TRANS-FERULIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
5-O-CAFFEOYLQUINIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antioxidant
5-O-COUMARYLQUINIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
5-O-FERULOYLQUINIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
6,10,14-TRIMETHYL-PENTADECAN-2-ONE Shoot-- -- *
6,7-DIMETHOXY-2-BENZOXAZOLIN-2-ONE Plant-- -- *
6,7-DIMETHOXY-BENZOXAZOLIN-2-ONE Plant-- -- *
6-DEOXOCASTASTERONE Seed-- -- *
6-METHOXY-2-(3)-BENZOXAZOLINONE Shoot-- -- *
6-METHOXY-BENZOXAZOLIN-2-ONE Plant-- -- *
6-METHOXY-BENZOXAZOLIN-2-ONE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
6-METHOXY-BENZOXAZOLIN-2-ONE Shoot-- -- *
7-DEHYDRO-AVENASTEROL Seed Oil-- -- *
7-DEHYDRO-AVENASTEROL Seed-- -- *
8-HYDROXY-QUINOL-2-ONE-4-CARBOXYLIC-ACID-8'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
8-HYDROXY-QUINOL-2-ONE-4-CARBOXYLIC-ACID-8'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Seed-- -- *
ABSCISIC-ACID Flower-- -- *
ABSCISSIN-II Seed-- -- *
ACETOIN Plant-- -- *
ACONITIC-ACID Root-- -- *
Activities (1)
Perfumery FEMA 1-30 ppmAloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
ACONITIC-ACID Shoot-- 600.0 *
Activities (1)
Perfumery FEMA 1-30 ppmAloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
ADENINE Seed-- -- *
Activities (11)
Antianemic 1.5 g/dayMartindale's 28th
Antigranulocytopenic
Antiviral
CNS-Stimulant
Diuretic
Hyperuricemic Martindale's 28th
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Lithogenic
Myocardiotonic
Pesticide
Vasodilator
ADENOSINE Seed-- -- *
Activities (28)
Analgesic
Antiaggregant
Antiarrhythmic Merck 11th Edition
Antidiuretic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Antiendotoxic 500 mg/kg ipr musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antihypertensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Antiinsomniac
Antilipolytic
Antispasmodic
Antitachycardic 50-250 ug/kg/ivnMartindale's 29th
Anxiolytic
Arteriodilator
Glucogonogenic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Hypocholesterolemic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Immunomodulator
Insulinic
Laxative
Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Myorelaxant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PAF-Inhibitor IC50=90 nM
PAF-Inhibitor 0.024 ug/ml
Pyrogenic 0.09 mg/kg ivn hmnConradson, T. B. G., Dixon, C. M. S., Clarke, B., Barnes, P. J. 1987. Cardiovascular Effects of Infused Adenosine in Man: Potentiation by Dipyridamole. Acta Physiol Scand, 129(3): 387-391.
Respirastimulant Martindale's 29th
Secretomotor
Sedative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Vasodilator
ADENOSINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (28)
Analgesic
Antiaggregant
Antiarrhythmic Merck 11th Edition
Antidiuretic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Antiendotoxic 500 mg/kg ipr musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antihypertensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Antiinsomniac
Antilipolytic
Antispasmodic
Antitachycardic 50-250 ug/kg/ivnMartindale's 29th
Anxiolytic
Arteriodilator
Glucogonogenic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Hypocholesterolemic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Immunomodulator
Insulinic
Laxative
Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Myorelaxant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PAF-Inhibitor IC50=90 nM
PAF-Inhibitor 0.024 ug/ml
Pyrogenic 0.09 mg/kg ivn hmnConradson, T. B. G., Dixon, C. M. S., Clarke, B., Barnes, P. J. 1987. Cardiovascular Effects of Infused Adenosine in Man: Potentiation by Dipyridamole. Acta Physiol Scand, 129(3): 387-391.
Respirastimulant Martindale's 29th
Secretomotor
Sedative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Vasodilator
AFLATOXIN Plant-- -- *
AFLATOXIN B-1 Plant-- -- *
ALANINE Seed2950.0 12272.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (3)
Antioxidant Larson, R.A. 1987. Review Article Number 30. The Antioxidants of Higher Plants. Phytochemistry. 27: 969-978.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Oxidant Larson, R.A. 1987. Review Article Number 30. The Antioxidants of Higher Plants. Phytochemistry. 27: 969-978.
ALDOBIOURONIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
ALKALOIDS Silk Stigma Style-- 500.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
ALLANTOIN Seed-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Activities (12)
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antipeptic 30-130 mg/man/day25 Dispensatory
Antipsoriac 2%Martindale's 28th
Antiradicular
Antiulcer
Immunostimulant
Keratolytic Martindale's 28th
Sunscreen 0.10%Jim Duke's personal files.
Suppurative
Vulnerary
ALLANTOIN Embryo-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antipeptic 30-130 mg/man/day25 Dispensatory
Antipsoriac 2%Martindale's 28th
Antiradicular
Antiulcer
Immunostimulant
Keratolytic Martindale's 28th
Sunscreen 0.10%Jim Duke's personal files.
Suppurative
Vulnerary
ALPHA-AMYLASE Plant-- -- *
ALPHA-AMYRIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (10)
Analgesic
Antiedemic IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
Antiinflammatory IC71=1,000 ppm orl
Antinociceptive
Antitumor
Antiulcer
Cytotoxic 50-400
Gastroprotective
Hepatoprotective
Insectifuge
ALPHA-CAROTENE Seed0.5 2.5 *
Activities (7)
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticancer (Liver) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticancer (Lung) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticancer (Skin) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antiproliferant 10 x beta-caroteneJoseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Previtamin-A
ALPHA-COPAENE Leaf-- -- *
ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE Plant-- -- *
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Seed160.0 666.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (15)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antiaggregant Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Antihypertensive
Antiinflammatory IC50=42 uM
Antileukotriene-D4 IC50=42 uM
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimetastatic Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Hypotensive Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Immunostimulant 0.12 ml/man/dayCunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Lymphocytogenic 0.5 ug/mlCunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Propecic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 39.5 g/day/hmnFerretti, A., Flanagan, V. P. 1996. Antithromboxane Activity of Dietary Alpha-linolenic Acid: A Pilot Study. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes Essential Fatty Acids, 54(6): 451-455. ARS, USDA.
Vasodilator
ALPHA-MUUROLENE Leaf-- -- *
ALPHA-MUUROLENE Plant-- -- *
ALPHA-PINENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (28)
Allelochemic
Allergenic
Antiacne
Antibacterial
Antifeedant
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Antiinflammatory 500 mg/kg
Antipneumonic
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Coleoptophile
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
FLavor FEMA 15-150Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Herbicide IC50=30 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Insecticide 0.82 uM/fly
Insectifuge 50 ppm
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
P450-2B1-Inhibitor IC50=0.087 uM
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Spasmogenic
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Transdermal
ALPHA-SITOSTEROL Plant-- -- *
ALPHA-TERPINEOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (23)
ACE-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlOkamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antiacne
Antibacterial MIC=800-1,600 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticariogenic MIC=800-1,600 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antiinflammatory
Antiproliferant
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cicatrizant ED50=240 ug/g mus
FLavor FEMA 5-40Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Insecticide 1.29 uM/fly
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Mosquitofuge > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Termiticide IC100=5 mg/g
Transdermal
Vulnerary ED50=240 ug/g mus
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed Oil-- -- *
Activities (32)
Antialzheimeran
Antianginal
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Anticancer
Anticataract
Anticonvulsant Synergen
Antidementia
Antidiabetic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfarctal Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfertility
Antiischemic
Antimaculitic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antineuropathic
Antioxidant 5 x quercetin
Antioxidant IC34=10 uM
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular 5 x quercetin
Antiretinotic
Antirheumatic
Antistroke
Antitumor
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antitumor-Promoter
Cancer-Preventive
Cardioprotective
Circulotonic
Immunomodulator
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed-- -- *
Activities (32)
Antialzheimeran
Antianginal
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Anticancer
Anticataract
Anticonvulsant Synergen
Antidementia
Antidiabetic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfarctal Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfertility
Antiischemic
Antimaculitic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antineuropathic
Antioxidant 5 x quercetin
Antioxidant IC34=10 uM
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular 5 x quercetin
Antiretinotic
Antirheumatic
Antistroke
Antitumor
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antitumor-Promoter
Cancer-Preventive
Cardioprotective
Circulotonic
Immunomodulator
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Oil90.0 257.0 -0.32 *
Activities (32)
Antialzheimeran
Antianginal
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Anticancer
Anticataract
Anticonvulsant Synergen
Antidementia
Antidiabetic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfarctal Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfertility
Antiischemic
Antimaculitic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antineuropathic
Antioxidant 5 x quercetin
Antioxidant IC34=10 uM
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular 5 x quercetin
Antiretinotic
Antirheumatic
Antistroke
Antitumor
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antitumor-Promoter
Cancer-Preventive
Cardioprotective
Circulotonic
Immunomodulator
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Fruit-- -- *
Activities (32)
Antialzheimeran
Antianginal
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Anticancer
Anticataract
Anticonvulsant Synergen
Antidementia
Antidiabetic Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfarctal Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiinfertility
Antiischemic
Antimaculitic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antineuropathic
Antioxidant 5 x quercetin
Antioxidant IC34=10 uM
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular 5 x quercetin
Antiretinotic
Antirheumatic
Antistroke
Antitumor
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antitumor-Promoter
Cancer-Preventive
Cardioprotective
Circulotonic
Immunomodulator
ALPHA-YLANGENE Essential Oil-- 17000.0 *
ALPHA-YLANGENE Seed Essent. Oil-- 17000.0 *
ALPHA-YLANGENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
ALPHA-YLANGENE Leaf-- -- *
ALPHA-ZEACAROTENE Plant-- -- *
ALPHA-ZEIN Seed-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
ALUMINUM Leaf-- -- *
Activities (5)
Antisilicotic Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antivaginitic Martindale's 28th
Candidicide Martindale's 28th
Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Pesticide
ALUMINUM Silk Stigma Style-- 213.0 *
Activities (5)
Antisilicotic Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antivaginitic Martindale's 28th
Candidicide Martindale's 28th
Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Pesticide
ALUMINUM Seed1.0 275.0 0.09 *
Activities (5)
Antisilicotic Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antivaginitic Martindale's 28th
Candidicide Martindale's 28th
Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Pesticide
AMINO-ACIDS Fruit-- -- *
AMINO-ADIPIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
AMMONIA Seed-- 10030.0 1.16 *
AMMONIA(NH3) Seed-- 1030.0 -1.01 *
ANILINE Seed-- -- *
ANTHERAXANTHIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (1)
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ANTHRANILIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antiarthritic
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antiinflammatory
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Pesticide
ANTHRANILIC-ACID-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf-- -- *
APIFOROL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
APIGENIDIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
APIGENIN-GLYCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
APS-SULFOTRANSFERASE Leaf-- -- *
ARABINOSE Plant-- -- *
ARACHIDIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
ARGININE Seed1310.0 5450.0 -0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (14)
Antidiabetic? Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antihepatitic Martindale's 29th
Antihypertensive
Antiimpotence
Antiinfertility 4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antioxidant?
Aphrodisiac 3 g/day
Diuretic
Hypoammonemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NO-Genic
Pituitary-Stimulant
Spermigenic 4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Vasodilator
ARSENIC Seed0.001 0.211 1.6 *
Activities (2)
Anorexic Forest H. Nielsen, USDA, Grand Forks, various publications.
Pesticide
ASCORBIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- 11.0 *
Activities (112)
Acidulant FEMA 6,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Analgesic 5-10 g/day
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
AntiAGE 2,000 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
AntiCFS 500-1,000 mg
AntiCTS 1,000 mg 3x/day
AntiCrohn's 50-100 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
AntiLyme 500-2,000 mg
AntiRaynaud's 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antiaggregant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiaging 400 mg/day
Antiallergic
Antialzheimeran 2,000-6,000 mg/day
Antiarthritic 0.2-1 g/day
Antiasthmatic 1,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticataract 350 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Anticataract 1 g 3x/day
Anticervicaldysplasic 1,000-2,000 mg/day
Anticlimacteric 500-5,000 mg/day
Anticold 1-2 g/man/day
Antidecubitic 500 mg/man/2x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antidementia
Antidepressant 2,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Antieczemic 3.5-5 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiedemic 1 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiendometriotic 2,000 mg/day
Antifatigue 500-1,000 mg
Antifibrotic 1,000-2,000 mg
Antigallstone 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigastritic
Antigingivitic
Antiglaucomic 2 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihangover 1,000 mg
Antihemorrhagic 1 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihepatitic 2-6 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihepatotoxic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiherpetic 1-5 g/day
Antihistaminic 2 g/day orl man
Antihypertensive
Antiinfertility 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinflammatory Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilepric 1.5 g/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antilithic 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antimaculitic
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 500-5,000 mg/day
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antineuramidase
Antinitrosic 1 g/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiobesity 1 g 3x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoarthritic 1 g 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic 500 mg/day
Antioxidant 100 ppm
Antiparkinsonian 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiperiodontitic 1 g 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiradicular Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiretinotic
Antirheumatic
Antirhinitic 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antiscorbutic 10 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiseptic MIC=3.3-217 mg/mlMartindale's 28th
Antiseptic 4-8 g/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antispasmodic 500-5,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,000 mg
Antisyndrome-X 1-4 g/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitumor (Gastric)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiulcer
Antiviral 1-5 g/day
Apoptotic 1-10 mM
Asthma-preventive 1,000 mg/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor 1.5 g/day/man
Calcium-Antagonist
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Cold-preventive 1-2 g/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Collagenic
Detoxicant
Diuretic 700 mg/man/orl
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypocholesterolemic 300-1,000 mg/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Hypoglycemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypotensive 1,000 mg/man/day
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Mucolytic 1 g/woman/dayMartindale's 28th
Pesticide
Uricosuric 4 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Vasodilator
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
ASCORBIC-ACID Seed-- 85.0 -0.29 *
Activities (112)
Acidulant FEMA 6,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Analgesic 5-10 g/day
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
AntiAGE 2,000 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
AntiCFS 500-1,000 mg
AntiCTS 1,000 mg 3x/day
AntiCrohn's 50-100 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
AntiLyme 500-2,000 mg
AntiRaynaud's 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antiaggregant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiaging 400 mg/day
Antiallergic
Antialzheimeran 2,000-6,000 mg/day
Antiarthritic 0.2-1 g/day
Antiasthmatic 1,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticataract 350 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Anticataract 1 g 3x/day
Anticervicaldysplasic 1,000-2,000 mg/day
Anticlimacteric 500-5,000 mg/day
Anticold 1-2 g/man/day
Antidecubitic 500 mg/man/2x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antidementia
Antidepressant 2,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Antieczemic 3.5-5 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiedemic 1 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiendometriotic 2,000 mg/day
Antifatigue 500-1,000 mg
Antifibrotic 1,000-2,000 mg
Antigallstone 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigastritic
Antigingivitic
Antiglaucomic 2 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihangover 1,000 mg
Antihemorrhagic 1 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihepatitic 2-6 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihepatotoxic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiherpetic 1-5 g/day
Antihistaminic 2 g/day orl man
Antihypertensive
Antiinfertility 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinflammatory Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilepric 1.5 g/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antilithic 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antimaculitic
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 500-5,000 mg/day
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antineuramidase
Antinitrosic 1 g/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiobesity 1 g 3x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoarthritic 1 g 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic 500 mg/day
Antioxidant 100 ppm
Antiparkinsonian 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiperiodontitic 1 g 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiradicular Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiretinotic
Antirheumatic
Antirhinitic 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antiscorbutic 10 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiseptic MIC=3.3-217 mg/mlMartindale's 28th
Antiseptic 4-8 g/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antispasmodic 500-5,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,000 mg
Antisyndrome-X 1-4 g/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitumor (Gastric)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiulcer
Antiviral 1-5 g/day
Apoptotic 1-10 mM
Asthma-preventive 1,000 mg/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor 1.5 g/day/man
Calcium-Antagonist
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Cold-preventive 1-2 g/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Collagenic
Detoxicant
Diuretic 700 mg/man/orl
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypocholesterolemic 300-1,000 mg/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Hypoglycemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypotensive 1,000 mg/man/day
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Mucolytic 1 g/woman/dayMartindale's 28th
Pesticide
Uricosuric 4 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Vasodilator
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
ASH Silk Stigma Style-- 33000.0 -1.0 *
ASH Seed10000.0 90000.0 1.27 *
ASPARTIC-ACID Seed2440.0 10150.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (3)
Antimorphinic Martindale's 28th
Neuroexcitant Martindale's 28th
Roborant Merck 11th Edition
ASTRAGALIN Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
Activities (7)
ACE-Inhibitor ID50=180 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC30=1 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC62=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Antileukemic
Expectorant
Hypotensive Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Immunostimulant
BARIUM Seed-- 14.0 -0.26 *
BAZZANENE Root-- -- *
BENZALDEHYDE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (24)
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Antimutagenic
Antipeptic
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic
Antitumor
Candidicide
FLavor FEMA 150-800Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Immunostimulant
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Insectifuge 50 ppmJ. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Pesticide
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Termiticide LD100=5 mg/g
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=820 uM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=87 ug/ml
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=0.82 mM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=830 uM
BENZALDEHYDE Silk Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
Activities (24)
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Antimutagenic
Antipeptic
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic
Antitumor
Candidicide
FLavor FEMA 150-800Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Immunostimulant
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Insectifuge 50 ppmJ. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Pesticide
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Termiticide LD100=5 mg/g
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=820 uM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=87 ug/ml
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=0.82 mM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=830 uM
BENZALDEHYDE Shoot-- -- *
Activities (24)
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Antimutagenic
Antipeptic
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic
Antitumor
Candidicide
FLavor FEMA 150-800Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Immunostimulant
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Insectifuge 50 ppmJ. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Pesticide
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Termiticide LD100=5 mg/g
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=820 uM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=87 ug/ml
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=0.82 mM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=830 uM
BENZOTHIAZOLE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
BENZOXAZIONE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
BENZYL-AMINE Seed-- 3.4 *
BENZYL-FORMATE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (1)
FLavor FEMA 12-35Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
BETA-AMYLASE Plant-- -- *
BETA-AMYRIN Shoot-- -- *
Activities (9)
Analgesic
Antiedemic IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
Antiinflammatory
Antinociceptive
Antiulcer
Gastroprotective
Hepatoprotective
Larvicide
Mosquitocide
BETA-CAROTENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (53)
Allergenic
Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiPMS
Antiacne Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiaging
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticarcinomic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticervicaldysplasic
Anticoronary 50 mg/man/2 days
Antihyperkeratotic
Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antileukoplakic
Antilipoperoxidant IC71=50 ug/ml
Antilupus 150 mg/man/day/2 mosMartindale's 28th
Antimaculitic
Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiozenic
Antipapillomic
Antiphotophobic 30-300 mg/man/dayMartindale's 29th
Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiporphyric 30-300 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiproliferant Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradicular Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antirheumatic
Antistress Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antitumor Simon, P.W. Carrots and Other Horticultural Crops as a Source of Provitamin A Carotenes. HortScience, 25(12): 1495, 1990.
Antitumor (Breast) IC45=60 ug/ml
Antitumor (CNS) IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon) IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Lung) IC30=60 ug/ml
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach) IC26=45 ug/ml
Antiulcer 12 mg 3x/day/man/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer 15,000-25,000 IU/day
Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
COX-1-Inhibitor IC78=50 ug/ml
COX-2-Inhibitor IC82=50 ug/ml
Cancer-Preventive 22 ppmJim Duke's personal files.
Chemopreventive
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Gastroprotective
Immunostimulant 180 mg/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Interferon-Synergist
Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Phagocytotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prooxidant 20 ug/g
Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BETA-CAROTENE Seed0.5 2.5 -0.27 *
Activities (53)
Allergenic
Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiPMS
Antiacne Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiaging
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticarcinomic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticervicaldysplasic
Anticoronary 50 mg/man/2 days
Antihyperkeratotic
Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antileukoplakic
Antilipoperoxidant IC71=50 ug/ml
Antilupus 150 mg/man/day/2 mosMartindale's 28th
Antimaculitic
Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiozenic
Antipapillomic
Antiphotophobic 30-300 mg/man/dayMartindale's 29th
Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiporphyric 30-300 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiproliferant Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradicular Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antirheumatic
Antistress Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antitumor Simon, P.W. Carrots and Other Horticultural Crops as a Source of Provitamin A Carotenes. HortScience, 25(12): 1495, 1990.
Antitumor (Breast) IC45=60 ug/ml
Antitumor (CNS) IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon) IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Lung) IC30=60 ug/ml
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach) IC26=45 ug/ml
Antiulcer 12 mg 3x/day/man/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer 15,000-25,000 IU/day
Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
COX-1-Inhibitor IC78=50 ug/ml
COX-2-Inhibitor IC82=50 ug/ml
Cancer-Preventive 22 ppmJim Duke's personal files.
Chemopreventive
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Gastroprotective
Immunostimulant 180 mg/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Interferon-Synergist
Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Phagocytotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prooxidant 20 ug/g
Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE Root-- -- *
BETA-COPAENE Leaf-- -- *
BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Seed-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (2)
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Vitamin-A-Activity
BETA-IONONE Plant-- -- *
Activities (13)
Allergenic
Antibacterial MIC=200 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticariogenic MIC=100 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antimelanomic IC50=140 uM/l
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Fungicide
Hypocholesterolemic Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
P450-Inducer
Pesticide
Trichomonicide LD100=100 ug/ml
BETA-IONONE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (13)
Allergenic
Antibacterial MIC=200 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticariogenic MIC=100 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antimelanomic IC50=140 uM/l
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Fungicide
Hypocholesterolemic Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
P450-Inducer
Pesticide
Trichomonicide LD100=100 ug/ml
BETA-IONONE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (13)
Allergenic
Antibacterial MIC=200 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticariogenic MIC=100 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antimelanomic IC50=140 uM/l
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Fungicide
Hypocholesterolemic Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
P450-Inducer
Pesticide
Trichomonicide LD100=100 ug/ml
BETA-IONONE Silk Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
Activities (13)
Allergenic
Antibacterial MIC=200 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticariogenic MIC=100 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antimelanomic IC50=140 uM/l
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Fungicide
Hypocholesterolemic Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
P450-Inducer
Pesticide
Trichomonicide LD100=100 ug/ml
BETA-IONONE Husk Essent. Oil-- 12000.0 *
Activities (13)
Allergenic
Antibacterial MIC=200 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticariogenic MIC=100 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antimelanomic IC50=140 uM/l
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Fungicide
Hypocholesterolemic Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
P450-Inducer
Pesticide
Trichomonicide LD100=100 ug/ml
BETA-PINENE Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
Activities (13)
Allergenic
Antiinflammatory
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antispasmodic
Candidicide
FLavor FEMA 15-600Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Transdermal
BETA-SITOSTEROL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed-- 1200.0 -0.17 *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL Silk Stigma Style-- 1300.0 *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil-- -- *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-ZEACAROTENE Plant-- -- *
BETA-ZEIN Plant-- -- *
BETAINE Shoot-- 234.0 -0.18 *
Activities (14)
Abortifacient
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Antihomocystinuric
Antimyoatrophic
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic Wealth of India.
Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
Ethanolytic
Expectorant
Hepatoprotective
Lipotropic
Mucogenic
Pesticide
BETAINE Root-- 59.0 -0.36 *
Activities (14)
Abortifacient
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Antihomocystinuric
Antimyoatrophic
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic Wealth of India.
Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
Ethanolytic
Expectorant
Hepatoprotective
Lipotropic
Mucogenic
Pesticide
BETAINE Silk Stigma Style-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (14)
Abortifacient
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Antihomocystinuric
Antimyoatrophic
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic Wealth of India.
Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
Ethanolytic
Expectorant
Hepatoprotective
Lipotropic
Mucogenic
Pesticide
BIOTIN Cob0.02 0.06 *
Activities (4)
Antialopecic
Antidermatitic 3 mg/2x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antineuralgic
Antiseborrheic 3 mg/2x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BIPHENYL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
BISABOLOL Essential Oil-- 90000.0 *
BORON Seed-- 15.0 -0.43 *
Activities (4)
Androgenic 3 mg/man/day
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic 3 mg/man/day
Estrogenic 3 mg/man/day
BUTAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
BUTENYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Seed-- -- *
CADAVERINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (2)
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CADMIUM Seed-- 1.0 0.16 *
Activities (3)
Hypertensive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Lithogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Nephrotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
CAFFEIC-ACID Shoot-- 0.7 -0.7 *
Activities (102)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity)Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allergenic
Analgesic
AntiHIV EC50=200 ug/ml
AntiLegionella
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antiaggregant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiaging
Antiatherogenic
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antidepressant
Antiedemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antielastase IC50=93 um/l
Antielastase IC50=86 ug/ml (475 uM)
Antiescherichic
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Antihemolytic 25 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antihepatoadenomic 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic
Antiherpetic 50 ug/ml
Antiherpetic EC50=>50 ug/ml
Antihistaminic
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antihyperthyroid
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antileukotriene
Antimelanogenic
Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antiophidic
Antioxidant 50 uM
Antioxidant IC57=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 quercetin
Antioxidant 30 mM
Antioxidant 1.3 x Vit. E
Antioxidant 1/2 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC50=44 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiperoxidant IC35=200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant IC85=100 ug/ml
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antiprostaglandin
Antiradicular 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antiradicular 1/3 quercetin
Antiradicular 30 mM
Antiradicular IC50=32-35 uM
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic EC50=3.4-15 uMPhytotherapy Research, 4: 73.
Antistaphylococcic
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antisunburn
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC42=10 uMCancer Research, 48: 5941.
Antiulcerogenic
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antiviral IC50=62.5 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
COX-2-Inhibitor IC32=100 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic 2% (diet)
Chemopreventive
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Co-carcinogenic
Collagen-Sparing
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Cytotoxic TC50=200 ug/ml
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DNA-Protective
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Fungicide MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Hepatocarcinogenic 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 210.
Hepatotropic
Histamine-Inhibitor
Immunostimulant
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC27=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=62-148 uM
Lyase-Inhibitor IC50=94-164 uM
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Pesticide
Prooxidant
Prostaglandigenic
Sedative 500 mg
Sunscreen IC50=2.5 mg/lLazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Sunscreen IC91=5 mg/lLazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Sunscreen IC98=25 mg/lLazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Vulnerary
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=39.21 uMMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
CAFFEIC-ACID Sprout Seedling-- -- *
Activities (102)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity)Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allergenic
Analgesic
AntiHIV EC50=200 ug/ml
AntiLegionella
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antiaggregant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiaging
Antiatherogenic
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antidepressant
Antiedemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antielastase IC50=93 um/l
Antielastase IC50=86 ug/ml (475 uM)
Antiescherichic
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Antihemolytic 25 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antihepatoadenomic 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic
Antiherpetic 50 ug/ml
Antiherpetic EC50=>50 ug/ml
Antihistaminic
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antihyperthyroid
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antileukotriene
Antimelanogenic
Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antiophidic
Antioxidant 50 uM
Antioxidant IC57=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 quercetin
Antioxidant 30 mM
Antioxidant 1.3 x Vit. E
Antioxidant 1/2 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC50=44 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiperoxidant IC35=200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant IC85=100 ug/ml
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antiprostaglandin
Antiradicular 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antiradicular 1/3 quercetin
Antiradicular 30 mM
Antiradicular IC50=32-35 uM
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic EC50=3.4-15 uMPhytotherapy Research, 4: 73.
Antistaphylococcic
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antisunburn
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC42=10 uMCancer Research, 48: 5941.
Antiulcerogenic
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Antiviral IC50=62.5 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
COX-2-Inhibitor IC32=100 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic 2% (diet)
Chemopreventive
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Co-carcinogenic
Collagen-Sparing
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Cytotoxic TC50=200 ug/ml
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DNA-Protective
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Fungicide MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Hepatocarcinogenic 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 210.
Hepatotropic
Histamine-Inhibitor
Immunostimulant
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC27=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=62-148 uM
Lyase-Inhibitor IC50=94-164 uM
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Pesticide
Prooxidant
Prostaglandigenic
Sedative 500 mg
Sunscreen IC50=2.5 mg/lLazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Sunscreen IC91=5 mg/lLazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Sunscreen IC98=25 mg/lLazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Vulnerary
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=39.21 uMMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
CAFFEIC-ACID-ESTER Leaf-- -- *
CALCIUM Silk Stigma Style-- 2520.0 *
Activities (28)
AntiPMS 1 g/day
Antiallergic 500 mg/day
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiarrhythmic 500-1,500 mg
Antiarthritic 1,000 mg/day
Antiatherosclerotic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticlimacteric 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antiobesity
Antiosteoporotic 500-2,000 mg/day
Antiperiodontitic 750 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antirheumatic 1,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,500 mg/day
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic 500-1,500 mg/day
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Laxative 1,000-1,200 mg
Tranquilizer 500-1,500 mg/day
Vasodilator
CALCIUM Seed10.0 181.0 -0.73 *
Activities (28)
AntiPMS 1 g/day
Antiallergic 500 mg/day
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiarrhythmic 500-1,500 mg
Antiarthritic 1,000 mg/day
Antiatherosclerotic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticlimacteric 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antiobesity
Antiosteoporotic 500-2,000 mg/day
Antiperiodontitic 750 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antirheumatic 1,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,500 mg/day
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic 500-1,500 mg/day
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Laxative 1,000-1,200 mg
Tranquilizer 500-1,500 mg/day
Vasodilator
CALMODULIN Pollen Or Spore-- 45.0 *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
CALMODULIN Seed-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
CAMPESTANOL FERULATE Fruit-- -- *
CAMPESTANOL-P-COUMARATE Fruit-- -- *
CAMPESTEROL Seed Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antioxidant IC37=10 uM
Hypocholesterolemic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
CAMPESTEROL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antioxidant IC37=10 uM
Hypocholesterolemic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
CAMPESTEROL Seed-- 320.0 0.04 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Activities (2)
Antioxidant IC37=10 uM
Hypocholesterolemic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
CARBOHYDRATE Silk Stigma Style-- 825000.0 *
CARBOHYDRATE Seed190209.0 838000.0 1.25 *
CARBOHYDRATES Silk Stigma Style-- 825000.0 1.0 *
CARBOHYDRATES Seed190209.0 838000.0 1.25 *
CAROTENE Leaf-- -- *
CARVACROL Silk Stigma Style144.0 216.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (37)
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=5.53 uM
Antibacterial MIC 170-290Chalchat, J.C. et Garry, R.P.*, Bastide, P., Fabre, F. et Malhuret, R. Correlation Composition Chimique/Activite Antimicrobienne: V - Contribution a la Comparaison de 2 Methodes de Determination Des Cmi. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 25: 184-193.
Antibacterial MIC=39-625Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Antiinflammatory IC50=4 uM
Antimelanomic IC50=120 uM/l
Antioxidant Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antioxidant (LDL) IC50=5.53 uM
Antiplaque MIC=39-625 ug/mlOsawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Antiprostaglandin
Antiradicular 600 x thymolJimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antiseptic 1.5 x phenol
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Candidicide MIC<0.1 ug/ml
Candidicide 100-150 ug/ml
Carminative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor #NAME?
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 10-125Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Insectifuge
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/ml
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Tracheorelaxant
Trichomonicide LD100=150 ug/ml
Vermifuge
CARVACROL Seed-- -- *
Activities (37)
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=5.53 uM
Antibacterial MIC 170-290Chalchat, J.C. et Garry, R.P.*, Bastide, P., Fabre, F. et Malhuret, R. Correlation Composition Chimique/Activite Antimicrobienne: V - Contribution a la Comparaison de 2 Methodes de Determination Des Cmi. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 25: 184-193.
Antibacterial MIC=39-625Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Antiinflammatory IC50=4 uM
Antimelanomic IC50=120 uM/l
Antioxidant Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antioxidant (LDL) IC50=5.53 uM
Antiplaque MIC=39-625 ug/mlOsawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Antiprostaglandin
Antiradicular 600 x thymolJimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antiseptic 1.5 x phenol
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Candidicide MIC<0.1 ug/ml
Candidicide 100-150 ug/ml
Carminative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor #NAME?
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 10-125Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Insectifuge
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/ml
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Tracheorelaxant
Trichomonicide LD100=150 ug/ml
Vermifuge
CARVACROL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (37)
Allergenic
Anesthetic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=5.53 uM
Antibacterial MIC 170-290Chalchat, J.C. et Garry, R.P.*, Bastide, P., Fabre, F. et Malhuret, R. Correlation Composition Chimique/Activite Antimicrobienne: V - Contribution a la Comparaison de 2 Methodes de Determination Des Cmi. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 25: 184-193.
Antibacterial MIC=39-625Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Antiinflammatory IC50=4 uM
Antimelanomic IC50=120 uM/l
Antioxidant Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antioxidant (LDL) IC50=5.53 uM
Antiplaque MIC=39-625 ug/mlOsawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Antiprostaglandin
Antiradicular 600 x thymolJimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antiseptic 1.5 x phenol
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Candidicide MIC<0.1 ug/ml
Candidicide 100-150 ug/ml
Carminative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor #NAME?
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 10-125Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Insectifuge
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/ml
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Tracheorelaxant
Trichomonicide LD100=150 ug/ml
Vermifuge
CARYOPHYLLENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (31)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Allergenic
Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Antiacne
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antibacterial
Anticariogenic MIC=>1,600 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antidermatitic
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Antifeedant 500 ppmKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Antiinflammatory IC50=100 uMShimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Antileishmanic
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Antiproliferant
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Antiulcer Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Candidicide
FLavor FEMA 20-200Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Insectifuge
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Larvicide
Mosquitocide
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sedative
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
CARYOPHYLLENE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (31)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Allergenic
Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Antiacne
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antibacterial
Anticariogenic MIC=>1,600 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antidermatitic
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Antifeedant 500 ppmKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Antiinflammatory IC50=100 uMShimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Antileishmanic
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Antiproliferant
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Antiulcer Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Candidicide
FLavor FEMA 20-200Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Insectifuge
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Larvicide
Mosquitocide
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sedative
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
CASTASTERONE Seed-- -- *
CASTASTERONE Pollen Or Spore-- 0.12 *
CELLULOSE Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Hemostat Martindale's 29th
CHELIDONIC-ACID Shoot-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antiwart Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Irritant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
CHELIDONIC-ACID Root-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antiwart Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
Irritant Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.
CHITINASE A Seed-- -- *
CHITINASE B Seed-- -- *
CHLORINE Fruit-- 330.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (7)
Antibacterial Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic Martindale's 29th
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Antiviral Martindale's 29th
Candidicide Martindale's 29th
Fungicide Martindale's 29th
Pesticide
CHLOROGENIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (77)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
Allelochemic
Allergenic
Analgesic
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiHIV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiLegionella
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Anticancer (Liver)
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticarcinogenic
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant
Antigenotoxic
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Antihemolytic 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antihepatotoxic
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antihistaminic
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antihyperthyroid
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Antileukotriene
Antimelanogenic
Antimutagenic
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant IC53=200 ppmHuang, M-T., and Ferraro, T. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Cancer Prevention. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.2 p.21.
Antioxidant IC80=12 uM
Antioxidant IC50=54.2 uM
Antiperoxidant IC50=36 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Antiradicular 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antiradicular 9 x quercetin
Antiseptic
Antisunburn
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Antitumor (Liver)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC25=10 uM
Antiulcer Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Autotoxic
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
CNS-Stimulant 1/6 Caffeine
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
Collagen-Sparing
Diuretic
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Histamine-Inhibitor
Hypoglycemic
Immunostimulant
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC23=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
NO-Genic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Sunscreen
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Vulnerary
CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (77)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
Allelochemic
Allergenic
Analgesic
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiHIV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiLegionella
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Anticancer (Liver)
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticarcinogenic
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant
Antigenotoxic
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Antihemolytic 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antihepatotoxic
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antihistaminic
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antihyperthyroid
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Antileukotriene
Antimelanogenic
Antimutagenic
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant IC53=200 ppmHuang, M-T., and Ferraro, T. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Cancer Prevention. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.2 p.21.
Antioxidant IC80=12 uM
Antioxidant IC50=54.2 uM
Antiperoxidant IC50=36 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Antiradicular 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antiradicular 9 x quercetin
Antiseptic
Antisunburn
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Antitumor (Liver)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC25=10 uM
Antiulcer Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Autotoxic
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
CNS-Stimulant 1/6 Caffeine
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
Collagen-Sparing
Diuretic
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Histamine-Inhibitor
Hypoglycemic
Immunostimulant
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC23=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
NO-Genic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Sunscreen
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Vulnerary
CHOLESTEROL Seed-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antioxidant IC43=10 uM
CHOLESTEROL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antioxidant IC43=10 uM
CHOLESTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antioxidant IC43=10 uM
CHOLINE Shoot-- 85.0 -0.65 *
Activities (20)
Antialzheimeran 5-16 g/man/day
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticirrhotic 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticystinuric
Antidementia
Antidiabetic
Antidyskinetic 150-200 mg/kg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antihomocysteine
Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antinociceptive
Antisteatotic
Cardiodepressant
Cerebrotonic
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypotensive
Ileorelaxant
Lipotropic
Memorigenic
Parasympathomimetic (1/1,000th acetylcholine)Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
CHOLINE Seed-- 430.0 -1.17 *
Activities (20)
Antialzheimeran 5-16 g/man/day
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticirrhotic 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticystinuric
Antidementia
Antidiabetic
Antidyskinetic 150-200 mg/kg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antihomocysteine
Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antinociceptive
Antisteatotic
Cardiodepressant
Cerebrotonic
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypotensive
Ileorelaxant
Lipotropic
Memorigenic
Parasympathomimetic (1/1,000th acetylcholine)Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
CHOLINE Root-- 36.0 -0.41 *
Activities (20)
Antialzheimeran 5-16 g/man/day
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticirrhotic 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticystinuric
Antidementia
Antidiabetic
Antidyskinetic 150-200 mg/kg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antihomocysteine
Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antinociceptive
Antisteatotic
Cardiodepressant
Cerebrotonic
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypotensive
Ileorelaxant
Lipotropic
Memorigenic
Parasympathomimetic (1/1,000th acetylcholine)Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
CHROMIUM Silk Stigma Style-- 13.0 *
Activities (24)
Amphiglycemic? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
AntiAGE 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
AntiCFS 200 ug
Antiacne
Antiaging 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiatherosclerotic 20 ug/day
Anticorneotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic 200-1,000 ug
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifatigue 200 ug
Antiglycosuric 200-1,000 ug
Antiobesity 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antisyndrome-X 200-800 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitriglyceride 20 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antitriglyceride 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Cardioprotective
Energizer
Hypocholesterolemic 20 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypocholesterolemic 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypoglycemic 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypotensive 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Immunomodulator
Insulinogenic
Memorigenic
CHROMIUM Seed-- 1.65 -0.44 *
Activities (24)
Amphiglycemic? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
AntiAGE 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
AntiCFS 200 ug
Antiacne
Antiaging 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiatherosclerotic 20 ug/day
Anticorneotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic 200-1,000 ug
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifatigue 200 ug
Antiglycosuric 200-1,000 ug
Antiobesity 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antisyndrome-X 200-800 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitriglyceride 20 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antitriglyceride 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Cardioprotective
Energizer
Hypocholesterolemic 20 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypocholesterolemic 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypoglycemic 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypotensive 200-1,000 ugChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Immunomodulator
Insulinogenic
Memorigenic
CHRYSANTHEMIN Pericarp-- -- *
CHRYSANTHEMIN Seed-- -- *
CHRYSANTHEMIN Leaf-- -- *
CINNAMIC-ACID-ETHYL-ESTER Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
CITRONELLOL Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (15)
Allergenic
Antibacterial
Antiseptic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic
Candidicide
FLavor FEMA 1-50Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide HerbalGram No. 17.
Herbicide IC50=160 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Nematicide MLC=100 ug/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Trichomonicide LD100=300 ug/ml
COBALT Silk Stigma Style-- 64.0 *
Activities (2)
Cardiomyopathogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
COBALT Fruit0.01 0.8 -0.44 *
Activities (2)
Cardiomyopathogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
COIXOL Plant-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory
Antipyretic
Tranquilizer
COPPER Fruit-- 20.0 0.56 *
Activities (12)
Antianemic
Antiarthritic
Antidiabetic 2-4 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antifatigue
Antiinflammatory Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antinociceptive Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Cardioprotective
Contraceptive Martindale's 28th
Hypocholesterolemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Immunomodulator
Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
COUMARIC-ACID-ESTER Leaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
COUMARIN Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (57)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)Okada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Allelochemic IC100=2 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Analgesic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Anesthetic
Antiaggregant
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Anticancer (Kidney) 400-7,000 mg/dayMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Anticancer (Prostate) 400-7,000 mg/dayMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antidiuretic
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimelanomic 50 mg/day
Antimetastatic 50 mg/man/dayMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimitotic Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antitumor 50 mg/day
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Kidney) 400-7,000 mg/dayMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antitumor (Prostate) 400-7,000 mg/dayMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Bruchiphobe
Cancer-Preventive 5-25 ug/mlGawron, A. and Glowniak, K. 1987. Cytostatic Activity of Coumarins in vitro. Planta Medica 1987: 526.
Carcinogenic 200 mg/kg orl musMills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Cardiodepressant
Cardiotonic
Chemopreventive
DME-Inhibitor IC50=57.5 uMAdvance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Emetic
Estrogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hepatotoxic 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Hepatotoxic 2,500 ppm diet
Hepatotoxic 100 mg/kg dog
Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Hypoglycemic 250-1,000 mg/kg orlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 165
Immunostimulant
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Lymphocytogenic 100 mg/dayGawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Lymphokinetic
Narcotic
Ovicide
Pesticide
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Respirodepressant
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Sedative Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
CROCETIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (10)
Anticancer (Skin) 3 uM
Antihypoxic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant
Antitumor-Promoter 3 uM
Choleretic 100 mg/kg
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypocholesterolemic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
Lipolytic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Neuroprotective
CRYPTOXANTHIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Vitamin-A-Activity
CUBEBENOL Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
CYANIDIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (7)
Allelochemic IC90=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antioxidant ID50=3.5-22 uM
Antioxidant 4.4 x Vit. E
Metal-Chelator (Copper)
Pesticide
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Prooxidant
CYANIDIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (7)
Allelochemic IC90=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antioxidant ID50=3.5-22 uM
Antioxidant 4.4 x Vit. E
Metal-Chelator (Copper)
Pesticide
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Prooxidant
CYANIDIN-3-(6'-MALONYL-GLUCOSIDE) Leaf-- -- *
CYANIDIN-3-DIMALONYL-GLUCOSIDE Leaf-- -- *
CYANIDIN-3-GALACTOSIDE Leaf-- -- *
CYANIDIN-3-GALACTOSIDE-P-COUMARIC-ACID-ESTER Plant-- -- *
CYANIDIN-3-MONOSIDE Plant-- -- *
CYANIN Cob-- -- *
Activities (5)
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Emetic
Pesticide
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CYCLOARTENOL Root-- -- *
Activities (7)
Antibacterial
Antiinflammatory
Antirheumatic 2-5 mg/man
Antistaphylococcic
Hypocholesterolemic
Pesticide
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CYCLOARTENOL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (7)
Antibacterial
Antiinflammatory
Antirheumatic 2-5 mg/man
Antistaphylococcic
Hypocholesterolemic
Pesticide
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CYCLOEUCALENOL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (3)
Antibacterial
Antistaphylococcic
Pesticide
CYCLOSADOL Seed Oil-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antiinflammatory
CYCLOSADOL Seed-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antiinflammatory
CYCLOSATIVENE Leaf-- -- *
CYSTATHIONE Plant-- -- *
CYSTINE Seed260.0 1082.0 -1.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (2)
Adjuvant Merck 11th Edition
Antihomocystinuric Martindale's 29th
CYTOCHROME-C Plant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
D-GLUCURONIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
DAUCOSTEROL Silk Stigma Style-- 440.0 *
Activities (5)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity, 31.9% inhibition)Fujita, T., Ohira, K., Miyatake, K., Nakano, Y., Nakayama, M. 1995. Inhibitory Effect of Perillosides A and C, Related Monoterpene Glucosides on Aldose Reductase and Their Structure-Activity Relationships. Chem Pharm Bull, 43(6): 920-926.
Antileukemic
Antispasmodic 20 mg/kg=ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Antitumor
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
DEC-TRANS-2-CIS-4-DIEN-1-AL Plant-- -- *
DEC-TRANS-2-CIS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 *
DEC-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
DEC-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
DEC-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 37000.0 *
DEC-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Plant-- -- *
DEC-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil6000.0 20000.0 *
DECA-TRANS-2,TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
DECA-TRANS-2,TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 37000.0 *
DECA-TRANS-2,TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
DECA-TRANS-2-CIS-4-DIEN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 13000.0 *
DECA-TRANS-2-CIS-4-DIEN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
DECA-TRANS-2-CIS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
DECA-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-TRANS-7-TRIEN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
DECA-TRANS-2-TRANS-7-TRIEN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 37000.0 *
DECA-TRANS-2-TRANS-7-TRIEN-1-AL Plant-- -- *
DECAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 24000.0 *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
DECAN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil10000.0 90000.0 *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
DECAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
DECAN-2-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 15000.0 *
DECAN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
DECAN-2-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
DECAN-2-OL Essential Oil-- 15000.0 *
DECAN-2-ONE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
DECAN-2-ONE Essential Oil-- -- *
DECAN-2-ONE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
DELTA-AMINO-LEVULINIC-ACID Sprout Seedling-- -- *
DELTA-CADINENE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (9)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antiacne
Antibacterial MIC800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticariogenic MIC800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antistreptococcic
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
P450-Inducer
Pesticide
Testosterone-Inducer
DEOXY-RIBONUCLEASE Tissue Culture-- -- *
DIAMINO-PROPANE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
DIETHYL-AMINE Seed-- -- *
Activities (2)
Carcinogenic
Teratogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
DIGALACTOSYL-DIGLYCERIDE Seed-- -- *
DIHYDRO-PHASEIC-ACID Flower-- -- *
DIHYDROSITOSTEROL Plant-- -- *
DIMBOA-GLUCOSIDE Leaf-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIMETHYL-AMINE Seed1.1 3.5 -0.32 *
Activities (2)
Coleoptophile Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
DIOXYCINNAMIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
DODECAN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- -- *
DODECAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
ENT-17-HYDROXY-KAUR-15-EN-19-OIC ACID Shoot-- -- *
ENT-KAUR-15-EN-17-BETA-OL Shoot-- -- *
EO Silk Stigma Style800.0 1200.0 -1.0 *
ERGOSTEROL Silk Stigma Style-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (5)
Antiangiogenic
Antiflu
Antitumor
Antiviral
Pesticide
ERGOSTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (5)
Antiangiogenic
Antiflu
Antitumor
Antiviral
Pesticide
ESTRONE Seed Oil-- 0.04 *
Activities (8)
Antiimpotence Martindale's 28th
Antimenopausal 0.7-2.8 mg/day/orl/wmnMartindale's 29th
Antiprostatadenomic
Antivaginitic
Aphrodisiac
Carcinogenic
Estrogenic 0.1-5 mg/woman/dayMartindale's 28th
Transdermal
ETHANOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (24)
Allergenic
Anesthetic 4,000 orl catBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Anesthetic 6,000 orl ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Martindale's 28th
Antipruritic Martindale's 28th
Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 28th
Expectorant Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
Hypertensive >1 drink/day
Hypnotic Antidote=NaloxoneMartindale's 29th
Hypocalcemic 4,000 orl ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Hypotensive 1 drink/day
Mucotropic Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Neurolytic Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Sclerosant Martindale's 29th
Surfactant Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Teratogenic 6,000 orl dogBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Tremorilytic Martindale's 28th
Ulcerogenic 5 ml/kg (50%) orl rat
ETHYL-ACETATE Shoot-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antispasmodic
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
Carminative
FLavor FEMA 20-1,500Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Respirotoxic >400 ppmAloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Stimulant
ETHYL-ACETATE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antispasmodic
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
Carminative
FLavor FEMA 20-1,500Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Respirotoxic >400 ppmAloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Stimulant
ETHYL-AMINE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
ETHYL-AMINE Seed-- 2.4 0.25 *
ETHYL-METHYL-AMINE Seed-- -- *
ETHYL-PHENYLACETATE Silk Essent. Oil250000.0 740000.0 *
Activities (1)
FLavor FEMA 2-25Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
EUGENOL Seed-- -- *
Activities (76)
Acaricide LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
Allergenic
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Anesthetic 200-400Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
AntiTNF
Antiaggregant IC50=0.3 uMPhytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Antiarachidonate
Antibacterial 500 ppmValnet, J. 1982. The Practice of Aromatherapy. Translated from the 1980 French Edition by Robin Campbell and Libby Houston. Destiny Books, New York. 279 pp.
Antibacterial MBC=400 ug/ml
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiedemic 100Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antigenotoxic 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antiherpetic IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
Antikeratotic IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antinitrosating
Antioxidant IC65=30 ppm
Antioxidant 10 uM
Antiprostaglandin 11 uM
Antiprostaglandin IC50=9.2 mM
Antipyretic 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular EC50=2 ul/l
Antisalmonella MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic 3 ml/man/day
Antiseptic 400 ug/ml
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
COX-1-Inhibitor IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC>97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC50=129 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=224 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=200 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Choleretic
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Cytotoxic 25 ug/mlPhytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Dermatitigenic
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
FLavor FEMA 10-500Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Hepatoprotective 100 ppm
Herbicide
Insecticide
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvicide
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Nematicide MLC=2,000 ug/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 1 mM rbtChen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=9.2 uM
Sedative
Termiticide LD100=5 mg/g
Trichomonicide LD100=300 ug/ml
Trichomonistat IC50=10 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Varroacide
Vasodilator
Vermifuge
FAT Silk Stigma Style25000.0 43000.0 -1.0 *
FAT Seed10480.0 54579.0 -1.11 *
FERREDOXIN Leaf-- 37.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
FERULIC-ACID Sprout Seedling-- -- *
Activities (61)
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Analgesic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 69.
Antiaggregant Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Antiallergic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiarrhythmic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Anticancer (Liver)
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticarcinogenic
Antidysmenorrheic
Antiestrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antineoplastic (Stomach)
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antioxidant 3,000 uM
Antioxidant IC51=200 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 quercetin
Antioxidant 1/2 BHA
Antioxidant EC50=9-15 ug/ml
Antiradicular EC50=9-15 ug/ml
Antiradicular IC50=116-124 uM
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Antitumor (Liver)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC46=10 uMCancer Research, 48: 5941.
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Hepatotropic
Herbicide Angewandte Botanik 68(5/6)=1994. Page 195.
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypolipidemic
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Pesticide
Phagocytotic
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 0.58-3.2 mMXu, L. N., Yu, W. G., Tian, J. Y., Liu, Q. Y. 1990. Effect of Sodium Ferulate on Arachidonic Acid Metabolism. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 25(6): 412-416.
Sunscreen Chemical Marketing Reporter; a weekly tabloid, 9/10/92.
Uterosedative 30-100 mg/kg ivn ratOzaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
FERULIC-ACID Seed6.0 27.0 -0.4 *
Activities (61)
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Analgesic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 69.
Antiaggregant Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Antiallergic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiarrhythmic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Anticancer (Liver)
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticarcinogenic
Antidysmenorrheic
Antiestrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antineoplastic (Stomach)
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antioxidant 3,000 uM
Antioxidant IC51=200 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 quercetin
Antioxidant 1/2 BHA
Antioxidant EC50=9-15 ug/ml
Antiradicular EC50=9-15 ug/ml
Antiradicular IC50=116-124 uM
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Antitumor (Liver)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC46=10 uMCancer Research, 48: 5941.
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Hepatotropic
Herbicide Angewandte Botanik 68(5/6)=1994. Page 195.
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypolipidemic
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Pesticide
Phagocytotic
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 0.58-3.2 mMXu, L. N., Yu, W. G., Tian, J. Y., Liu, Q. Y. 1990. Effect of Sodium Ferulate on Arachidonic Acid Metabolism. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 25(6): 412-416.
Sunscreen Chemical Marketing Reporter; a weekly tabloid, 9/10/92.
Uterosedative 30-100 mg/kg ivn ratOzaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
FERULIC-ACID Leaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (61)
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Analgesic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 69.
Antiaggregant Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Antiallergic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiarrhythmic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Anticancer (Liver)
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticarcinogenic
Antidysmenorrheic
Antiestrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antineoplastic (Stomach)
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Antioxidant 3,000 uM
Antioxidant IC51=200 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 quercetin
Antioxidant 1/2 BHA
Antioxidant EC50=9-15 ug/ml
Antiradicular EC50=9-15 ug/ml
Antiradicular IC50=116-124 uM
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Antitumor (Liver)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC46=10 uMCancer Research, 48: 5941.
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Hepatotropic
Herbicide Angewandte Botanik 68(5/6)=1994. Page 195.
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypolipidemic
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Pesticide
Phagocytotic
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 0.58-3.2 mMXu, L. N., Yu, W. G., Tian, J. Y., Liu, Q. Y. 1990. Effect of Sodium Ferulate on Arachidonic Acid Metabolism. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 25(6): 412-416.
Sunscreen Chemical Marketing Reporter; a weekly tabloid, 9/10/92.
Uterosedative 30-100 mg/kg ivn ratOzaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
FERULOYLQUINIC-ACID Sprout Seedling-- -- *
FIBER Silk Stigma Style-- 81000.0 1.0 *
Activities (15)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antidiabetic
Antihypertensive
Antiobesity
Antitumor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Blocker
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive 10 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypouricemic
Laxative
Vasodilator
FIXED-OIL Seed-- -- *
FLUORENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
FOLACIN Seed0.142 0.4 -0.91 *
Activities (15)
AntiSpina-Bifida Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antianemic 5-20 mg/man/day
Anticervicaldysplasic 8-30 mg/wmn/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antigingivitic 2-5 mg/day/manPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimyelotoxic 5 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antineuropathic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiperiodontitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipsychotic Martindale's 29th
Hematopoietic Merck 11th Edition
Uricosuric Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
FOLACIN Fruit1.0 2.0 -0.02 *
Activities (15)
AntiSpina-Bifida Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antianemic 5-20 mg/man/day
Anticervicaldysplasic 8-30 mg/wmn/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antigingivitic 2-5 mg/day/manPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimyelotoxic 5 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antineuropathic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiperiodontitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipsychotic Martindale's 29th
Hematopoietic Merck 11th Edition
Uricosuric Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
FOLIC-ACID Seed0.142 0.4 -0.36 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (23)
AntiSpina-Bifida Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antianemic 5-20 mg/man/day
Anticervicaldysplasic 8-30 mg/wmn/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticoronary 400 ug/man/day
Antidementia 10-20 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidepressant 800 ug/day
Antigingivitic 2-5 mg/day/manPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antigout 10-40 mg/day
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimetaplastic 10 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimyelotoxic 5 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antineuropathic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiperiodontal 1 mg day
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antipolyp (preventive)
Antipsychotic Martindale's 29th
Cancer-Preventive
Hematopoietic Merck 11th Edition
Immunostimulant
Uricosuric Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
FRIEDELIN Shoot-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antiinflammatory 30 mg/kg
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FRUCTOSE Fruit1000.0 4000.0 -0.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (8)
Antialcoholic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antidiabetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihangover
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Antinauseant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Laxative
Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sweetener 2 x glucoseJeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FUCOSE Root-- -- *
FURFURAL Plant-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 1-30Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Insecticide
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pesticide
FURFURAL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 1-30Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Insecticide
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pesticide
GALACTOSE Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Sweetener 0.32 x sucroseMartindale's 28th
GALACTOXYLASE Plant-- -- *
GALLIC-ACID Tissue Culture-- -- *
Activities (62)
ACE-Inhibitor IC50=7.7 mM/l
Analgesic
AntiHIV
AntiMRSA
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiallergenic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Antianaphylactic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiangiogenic
Antiasthmatic Watt, J.M., and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. 1962.
Antibacterial MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Anticancer
Anticarcinomic ED50=3
Antiescherichic
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antihepatotoxic Okuda, T., Yoshida, T., and Hatano, T. Antioxidant Effects of Tannins and Related Polyphenols. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.7 p.93.
Antiherpetic EC50=>10 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory Kroes, B.H., et al. 1991. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Gallic Acid. Planta Medica, 58(6): 499.
Antileishmanic EC50=4.4 ug/ml
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant IC44=33 ppm
Antioxidant 7 x quercetin
Antioxidant 2/3 BHA
Antiperiodontitic 10 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant IC50=69 uM
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiproteolytic 10 ug/ml
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antiradicular IC50=4.9 uM
Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antistaphylococcic MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Bacteristat Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Carcinogenic
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic 500 uM
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Gram(+)icide MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Hemostat
Hepatoprotective Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Immunosuppressant
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NO-Inhibitor IC-26=250 uM
Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
Pesticide
Styptic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Hamada, S. I., Kataoka, T., Woo, J. T., Yamada, A., Yoshida, T., Nishimura, T., Otake, N., Nagai, K. 1997. Immunosuppressive Effects by Gallic Acid and Chebulagic Acid on CTL-Mediated Cytotoxicity. Biol Pharm Bull, 20: 1017-1019.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=24 uMHatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
GAMMA-CAROTENE Seed-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (2)
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Previtamin-A
GAMMA-NONALACTONE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (2)
FLavor Jan-50Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
GAMMA-SITOSTEROL Plant-- -- *
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL Oil-- 752.0 1.41 *
Activities (14)
AntiCRP
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticancer
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant 10-15 ug/g
Antioxidant IC43=10 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Antitumor
Cardioprotective
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Hypocholesterolemic
NO-Inhibitor
Natriuretic
PKC-Inhibitor
GEOSMIN Husk Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
GEOSMIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
GEOSMIN Seed Essent. Oil-- 4000.0 *
GEOSMIN Plant-- -- *
GEOSMIN Essential Oil-- 4000.0 *
GERANIAL Hull Husk-- -- *
Activities (13)
AntiEBV IC50=16 uM
Antiaflatoxin
Antibacterial Onawunmi, G.O., Yisak, W-A., Ogunlana,* E.O. 1984. Antibacterial Constituents In The Essential Oil Of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 12: 279-286, 1984.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antiviral IC50=16 uM
Antiyeast
Chemopreventive
Estrogenic
Fungicide
Glutathionigenic
Pesticide
Spasmolytic
GERANIAL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (13)
AntiEBV IC50=16 uM
Antiaflatoxin
Antibacterial Onawunmi, G.O., Yisak, W-A., Ogunlana,* E.O. 1984. Antibacterial Constituents In The Essential Oil Of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 12: 279-286, 1984.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antiviral IC50=16 uM
Antiyeast
Chemopreventive
Estrogenic
Fungicide
Glutathionigenic
Pesticide
Spasmolytic
GERANIOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (35)
Allergenic
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antibacterial MIC=400 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antibacterial MIC=64 ug/ml
Antibacterial MBC=800 ug/ml
Anticancer (Pancreas) IC50=265 uM
Anticariogenic MIC=400 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antimelanomic IC50=150 uM/l
Antisalmonella MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic 7 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antiseptic MIC=64 ug/ml
Antiseptic 400-800 ug/ml
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Antitubercular MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Antitumor (Pancreas) IC50=265 uM
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Embryotoxic
Emetic 3 x ipecacLawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Expectorant Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
FLavor FEMA 1-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide IC93=2 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Herbicide IC100-2,000 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Insectifuge 50 ppm
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Mycobactericide MIC=64 ug/ml
Nematicide IC86=100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Nematicide MLC=1,000 ug/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sedative
Trichomonicide LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANYL-ACETONE Seed-- -- *
Activities (2)
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery FragranceZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GERANYL-ACETONE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery FragranceZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GERANYL-ACETONE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery FragranceZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GIBBERELLINS Flower-- -- *
GLOBULIN Seed4500.0 6000.0 -1.0 *
GLUCOSE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
Activities (7)
Acetylcholinergic
Antiedemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
GLUCOSE Fruit2000.0 5000.0 -0.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (7)
Acetylcholinergic
Antiedemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
GLUTAMIC-ACID Seed6360.0 26457.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (8)
Antialkali? 500-1,000 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antiepileptic
Antihyperammonemic Martindale's 29th
Antilithic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiprostatitic 125-250 mg 3 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiretardation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anxiolytic Merck 11th Edition
Neurotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLUTAMIC-ACID-DECARBOXYLASE Plant-- -- *
GLUTATHIONE Fruit-- -- *
Activities (7)
ACE-Inhibitor IC50=3.2 ug/ml
Anticytotoxic
Antidote (Heavy Metals) Martindale's 29th
Antieczemic Martindale's 29th
Antihepatitic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
GLUTATHIONE Root-- -- *
Activities (7)
ACE-Inhibitor IC50=3.2 ug/ml
Anticytotoxic
Antidote (Heavy Metals) Martindale's 29th
Antieczemic Martindale's 29th
Antihepatitic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
GLUTATHIONE Seed54.0 169.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (7)
ACE-Inhibitor IC50=3.2 ug/ml
Anticytotoxic
Antidote (Heavy Metals) Martindale's 29th
Antieczemic Martindale's 29th
Antihepatitic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
GLUTELIN Fruit14685.0 67325.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
GLUTEN Seed-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (2)
Dermatitigenic Martindale's 28th
Ulcerogenic Martindale's 29th
GLYCEROL Plant-- -- *
Activities (8)
AntiMeniere's 1.5 g/kgMartindale's 29th
Anticataract Martindale's 29th
Antiear-wax Martindale's 29th
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Antineuralgic Martindale's 29th
Arrhythmigenic Martindale's 29th
Emollient Merck 11th Edition
Hyperglycemic Martindale's 29th
GLYCINE Seed1270.0 5283.0 -0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (12)
Antiacid Martindale's 29th
Antialdosteronic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidote (Hypoglycin-A) Martindale's 29th
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Antiprostatitic 125-250 mg 3 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Antisickling Ekeke, G.I. and Shode, F.O. 1988. Phenylalanine is the Predominant Antisickling Agent in Cajanus cajan Seed Extract. Planta Medica 56(1): 41, 1990.
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Neuroinhibitor Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Uricosuric
GLYCOLIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (4)
Cholesterolytic
Diuretic Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hepatotonic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
Irritant Merck 11th Edition
GUAIACOL Seed-- -- *
Activities (18)
Anesthetic
Antibacterial 8,000 ppmValnet, J. 1982. The Practice of Aromatherapy. Translated from the 1980 French Edition by Robin Campbell and Libby Houston. Destiny Books, New York. 279 pp.
Antidermatitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antieczemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiesophagitic Martindale's 29th
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Antituberculic
Cardiodepressant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Cardiotonic
Dermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Emetic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Expectorant 0.3-0.6 ml/manMartindale's 28th
FLavor FEMA <1-1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=57 uMAlanko, J., et al. 1999. Modulation of Arachidonic Acid Metabolism by Phenols: Relation to their Structure and Antioxidant/Proooxidant Properties. Free Radical Biol Med, 26(1/2): 193-201.
Transdermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GUANIDINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antimyasthenic 10-35 mg/kg/day
Convulsant
Hepatotoxic
Hypertensive
Hypoglycemic
Myostimulant Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
GUM Silk Stigma Style-- 38000.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
HEMICELLULOSE Cob-- -- *
HEPT-4-EN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEPT-4-EN-2-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 120000.0 *
HEPT-4-EN-2-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 64000.0 *
HEPT-4-EN-2-ONE Essential Oil-- 15000.0 *
HEPT-4-EN-2-ONE Seed Essent. Oil-- 15000.0 *
HEPT-4-EN-OL Plant-- -- *
HEPT-4-EN-OL Essential Oil-- 120000.0 *
HEPT-CIS-4-EN-2-OL Leaf-- -- *
HEPT-CIS-4-EN-2-OL Silk Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 *
HEPT-CIS-4-EN-2-ONE Leaf-- -- *
HEPT-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEPT-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEPTA-TRANS-2-CIS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
HEPTA-TRANS-2-CIS-4-DIEN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil19000.0 21000.0 *
HEPTA-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 *
HEPTA-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
HEPTAN-1-AL Plant-- -- *
HEPTAN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil20000.0 50000.0 *
HEPTAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 *
HEPTAN-1-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEPTAN-1-OL Silk Essent. Oil20000.0 30000.0 *
HEPTAN-2-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 250000.0 *
HEPTAN-2-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 56000.0 *
HEPTAN-2-OL Plant-- -- *
HEPTAN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEPTAN-2-OL Essential Oil15000.0 250000.0 *
HEPTAN-2-OL Silk Essent. Oil10000.0 20000.0 *
HEPTAN-2-ONE Seed Essent. Oil-- 15000.0 *
HEPTAN-2-ONE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEPTAN-2-ONE Leaf-- -- *
HEX-1-EN-3-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-AL Leaf-- -- *
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Leaf-- -- *
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Shoot-- -- *
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Silk Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 *
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 52000.0 *
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-YL-ACETATE Leaf-- -- *
HEX-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Plant-- -- *
HEX-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 68000.0 *
HEX-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEX-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Leaf-- -- *
HEX-TRANS-2-EN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEX-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
HEX-TRANS-3-EN-1-OL Silk Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEX-TRANS-3-EN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEXA-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEXADECENOIC-ACID Seed-- -- *
HEXAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 50000.0 *
HEXAN-1-AL Hull Husk-- -- *
HEXAN-1-AL Shoot-- -- *
HEXAN-1-AL Leaf-- -- *
HEXAN-1-AL Plant-- -- *
HEXAN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil2000.0 10000.0 *
HEXAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEXAN-1-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEXAN-1-OL Plant-- -- *
HEXAN-1-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 62000.0 *
HEXAN-1-OL Silk Essent. Oil2000.0 10000.0 *
HEXAN-1-OL Leaf-- -- *
HEXAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEXAN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
HEXAN-2-ONE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEXAN-2-ONE Essential Oil-- -- *
HEXAN-2-ONE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEXENYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Seed-- -- *
HISTIDINE Embryo-- -- *
Activities (7)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Antinephritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antiulcer
Antiuremic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Oxidant
HISTIDINE Seed890.0 3702.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (7)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Antinephritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antiulcer
Antiuremic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Oxidant
HORDENINE Silk Stigma Style-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Activities (8)
Antiasthmatic
Antidiarrheic 35 mg/kg scu dogBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antifeedant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Bronchorelaxant
Cardiotonic 2 mg/cat ivnBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Hepatoprotective
Pesticide
Vasoconstrictor
HYDROXAMIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
INDOLE Shoot-- -- *
Activities (15)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antiacne
Antibacterial MIC=800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antibacterial MBC=800 ug/ml
Anticariogenic MIC=800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antisalmonella MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiseptic 800 ug/ml
Antistreptococcic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery FragranceZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Pesticide
Tumorigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
INDOLE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (15)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antiacne
Antibacterial MIC=800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antibacterial MBC=800 ug/ml
Anticariogenic MIC=800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antisalmonella MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiseptic 800 ug/ml
Antistreptococcic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery FragranceZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Pesticide
Tumorigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
INDOLE-3-ACETIC-ACID Seed-- -- *
Activities (7)
Allelochemic Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Herbicide Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Pesticide
INDOLE-3-ACETIC-ACID Juice-- -- *
Activities (7)
Allelochemic Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Herbicide Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Pesticide
INDOLE-3-ACETIC-ACID Root-- -- *
Activities (7)
Allelochemic Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Herbicide Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Pesticide
INDOLE-3-ACETIC-ACID Cotyledon-- -- *
Activities (7)
Allelochemic Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Herbicide Korhammer, S.A. and Haslinger, E. 1994. Isolation of a Biologically Active Substance from Rhizomes of Quackgrass [Elymus repens (L.) Gould]. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 2048-2050.
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Pesticide
INDOLE-3-ACETIC-ACID-CELLULOSIGLUCAN Seed-- -- *
INDOLE-3-ACETIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER Seed-- -- *
INDOLE-3-ACETIC-ACID-MYOINOSITOL Seed-- -- *
INDOLE-3-BUTYRIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (3)
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
INDOLE-3-BUTYRIC-ACID Seed-- -- *
Activities (3)
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
INOSITOL Plant-- -- *
Activities (8)
Antialopecic
Anticirrhotic
Antidiabetic? Martindale's 29th
Antineuropathic? 2 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Cholesterolytic 2,000 mg/man/day
Lipotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ubiquiot Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
IODINE Seed-- 0.012 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (12)
Acnegenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antibacterial
Antigoiter Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiseptic
Antithyrotoxic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiviral
Dermatitigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Fungicide
Goitrogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Hyperthyroid >1 mm/day/diet
Protisticide
Thyrotropic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
IRON Silk Stigma Style-- 504.0 *
Activities (6)
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Antianemic Martindale's 29th
Anticanker
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenorrhagic 100 mg/day/wmn/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prooxidant
IRON Seed5.0 41.0 -0.51 *
Activities (6)
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Antianemic Martindale's 29th
Anticanker
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenorrhagic 100 mg/day/wmn/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prooxidant
ISOAMYL-AMINE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
ISOBEHENIC-ACID Seed-- 80.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
ISOLEUCINE Seed1290.0 5366.0 -0.65 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (3)
Antiencephalopathic? Martindale's 29th
Antipellagric Martindale's 28th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ISOPROPYL-AMINE Seed-- 2.3 *
ISOQUERCITRIN Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
Activities (22)
ACE-Inhibitor ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer
Antielastase IC50=0.7 ug/ml
Antifeedant Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Antiinflammatory
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antioxidant IC50=9.0 uM
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Capillarigenic
Diaphoretic
Diuretic 10 ppmList, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hypotensive Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 550 ug/mlBernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
ISOQUERCITRIN Plant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Activities (22)
ACE-Inhibitor ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer
Antielastase IC50=0.7 ug/ml
Antifeedant Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Antiinflammatory
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antioxidant IC50=9.0 uM
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Capillarigenic
Diaphoretic
Diuretic 10 ppmList, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hypotensive Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 550 ug/mlBernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
ISORHAMNETIN-3,4'-O-DIGLUCOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
ISORHAMNETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
ISORHAMNETIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE-4'-O-DIGLUCOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
ISORHAMNETIN-3-O-NEOHESPEROSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
ISOVALERALDEHYDE Shoot-- -- *
Activities (1)
FLavor FEMA 0.5-5Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-ALPHA-L-GALACTOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
KILOCALORIES Silk Stigma Style-- 3690.0 *
LACTIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (8)
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukorrheic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant Synergist Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antivaginitic Martindale's 29th
Antixerotic Martindale's 29th
FLavor FEMA 10-25,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Keratolytic Martindale's 28th
LANOSTEROL Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
LEAD Seed-- 14.0 3.37 *
LEUCINE Seed3480.0 14477.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (2)
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
LEUCOCYANIDIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
LEUCOPELARGONIDIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antineoplastic
LIGNIN Cob-- -- *
Activities (13)
AntiHIV
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Anticoronary
Antidiarrheic Martindale's 29th
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant
Antitumor
Antiviral
Chelator
Hypocholesterolemic
Laxative
Pesticide
LIGNIN Stem213000.0 245000.0 0.97 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (13)
AntiHIV
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Anticoronary
Antidiarrheic Martindale's 29th
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant
Antitumor
Antiviral
Chelator
Hypocholesterolemic
Laxative
Pesticide
LIGNOCERIC-ACID Fruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (1)
Antihepatotoxic
LIMONENE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (60)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Acaricide LC100=8 uM
Allelochemic
Allergenic 1/20th carene
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiadenomic
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Revista Itiliana Eppos, 12: 5, 1994.
Anticancer
Antiesophagitic
Antifeedant
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Antiinflammatory
Antilithic
Antilymphomic
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiobesity
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic ED50=0.197 mg/mlFitoterapia No.59-1984.
Antitumor
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Bronchoprotectant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Chemopreventive
Cholesterolytic
Detoxicant
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant
FLavor
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Fungistat
GST-Inducer
Herbicide IC50=45 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Histaminic
Immunomodulator
Insecticide 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Irritant
Lipolytic
Myorelaxant 50 mg/kg
NO-Genic
Nematicide IC=100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
P450-Inducer
Peristaltic
Pesticide
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Transdermal
LIMONENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (60)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Acaricide LC100=8 uM
Allelochemic
Allergenic 1/20th carene
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiadenomic
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Revista Itiliana Eppos, 12: 5, 1994.
Anticancer
Antiesophagitic
Antifeedant
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Antiinflammatory
Antilithic
Antilymphomic
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiobesity
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic ED50=0.197 mg/mlFitoterapia No.59-1984.
Antitumor
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Bronchoprotectant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Chemopreventive
Cholesterolytic
Detoxicant
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant
FLavor
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Fungistat
GST-Inducer
Herbicide IC50=45 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Histaminic
Immunomodulator
Insecticide 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Irritant
Lipolytic
Myorelaxant 50 mg/kg
NO-Genic
Nematicide IC=100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
P450-Inducer
Peristaltic
Pesticide
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Transdermal
LIMONENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (60)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Acaricide LC100=8 uM
Allelochemic
Allergenic 1/20th carene
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiadenomic
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Revista Itiliana Eppos, 12: 5, 1994.
Anticancer
Antiesophagitic
Antifeedant
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Antiinflammatory
Antilithic
Antilymphomic
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiobesity
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic ED50=0.197 mg/mlFitoterapia No.59-1984.
Antitumor
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Bronchoprotectant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Chemopreventive
Cholesterolytic
Detoxicant
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant
FLavor
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Fungistat
GST-Inducer
Herbicide IC50=45 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Histaminic
Immunomodulator
Insecticide 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Irritant
Lipolytic
Myorelaxant 50 mg/kg
NO-Genic
Nematicide IC=100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
P450-Inducer
Peristaltic
Pesticide
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Transdermal
LIMONENE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (60)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Acaricide LC100=8 uM
Allelochemic
Allergenic 1/20th carene
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiadenomic
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Revista Itiliana Eppos, 12: 5, 1994.
Anticancer
Antiesophagitic
Antifeedant
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Antiinflammatory
Antilithic
Antilymphomic
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiobesity
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic ED50=0.197 mg/mlFitoterapia No.59-1984.
Antitumor
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Bronchoprotectant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Chemopreventive
Cholesterolytic
Detoxicant
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant
FLavor
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Fungistat
GST-Inducer
Herbicide IC50=45 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Histaminic
Immunomodulator
Insecticide 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Irritant
Lipolytic
Myorelaxant 50 mg/kg
NO-Genic
Nematicide IC=100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
P450-Inducer
Peristaltic
Pesticide
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Transdermal
LIMONENE Silk Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 *
Activities (60)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Acaricide LC100=8 uM
Allelochemic
Allergenic 1/20th carene
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiadenomic
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Revista Itiliana Eppos, 12: 5, 1994.
Anticancer
Antiesophagitic
Antifeedant
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Antiinflammatory
Antilithic
Antilymphomic
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiobesity
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic ED50=0.197 mg/mlFitoterapia No.59-1984.
Antitumor
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Bronchoprotectant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Chemopreventive
Cholesterolytic
Detoxicant
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant
FLavor
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Fungistat
GST-Inducer
Herbicide IC50=45 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Histaminic
Immunomodulator
Insecticide 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Irritant
Lipolytic
Myorelaxant 50 mg/kg
NO-Genic
Nematicide IC=100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
P450-Inducer
Peristaltic
Pesticide
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Transdermal
LINALOL Plant-- -- *
LINALOOL Plant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Activities (53)
Acaricide C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
Allergenic
Analgesic
Anesthetic 0.01-1 ug/ml
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antianaphylactic
Antibacterial MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Anticariogenic MIC=1,600 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticolic
Anticonvulsant 200 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiedemic
Antiglutamaergic
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antilymphomic IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antimange
Antimite
Antimutagenic
Antiseptic 5 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Antiviral
Barbituate-Synergist
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Carminative
Culicide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cytotoxic
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-40Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
GABA-nergic
Hypnotic
Hypothermic
Insecticide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Larvicide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Mosquitofuge > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Sedative 200 mg/kg ipr mus (1% as active as diazepam)
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Trichomonicide LD100=600 ug/ml
Tumor-Promoter
LINALOOL Leaf-- -- *
Activities (53)
Acaricide C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
Allergenic
Analgesic
Anesthetic 0.01-1 ug/ml
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antianaphylactic
Antibacterial MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Anticariogenic MIC=1,600 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticolic
Anticonvulsant 200 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiedemic
Antiglutamaergic
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antilymphomic IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antimange
Antimite
Antimutagenic
Antiseptic 5 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Antiviral
Barbituate-Synergist
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Carminative
Culicide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cytotoxic
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-40Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
GABA-nergic
Hypnotic
Hypothermic
Insecticide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Larvicide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Mosquitofuge > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Sedative 200 mg/kg ipr mus (1% as active as diazepam)
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Trichomonicide LD100=600 ug/ml
Tumor-Promoter
LINGIFOLENE Root-- -- *
LINOLEIC-ACID Seed5420.0 22547.0 -0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (27)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiacne
Antialopecic
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiandrogenic
Antiarteriosclerotic
Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Antigranular
Antihistaminic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiinflammatory IC50=31 uM
Antileukotriene-D4 IC50=31 uM
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
Comedolytic
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Propecic
LIPOXIDASE Plant-- -- *
LITHIUM Seed0.048 0.22 -1.0 *
Activities (11)
AntiPMS Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihyperthyroid Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimanic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antipsychotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antischizophrenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiviral
Cholinergic
Deliriant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Natriuretic
Nephrotoxic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
LONGIFOLENE Root-- -- *
LOPHENOL Shoot-- -- *
LUTEIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (15)
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antimaculitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antinyctalopic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antioxidant
Antiproliferant Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antiradicular
Antiretinitic Optometry
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Colon)
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Prooxidant 5-40 ug/g
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 2.5 ugMadhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Retinoprotectant Optometry
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
LUTEIN_+_ZEAXANTHIN Seed7.3 22.0 *
LUTEOFOROL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
LUTEOLINIDIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (1)
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
LYSINE Seed1370.0 5699.0 -0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (4)
Antialkalotic Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic 0.5-3 g/day
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypoarginanemic 250 mg/kgMartindale's 29th
MAGNESIUM Silk Stigma Style-- 1790.0 *
Activities (65)
AntiCFS
AntiLyme 400-1,000 mg
AntiMS
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn/orl
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn orl
AntiRaynaud's 280-350 mg/day
Antiaggregant 400 mg/day
Antialcoholic
Antianginal 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antianorectic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antianxiety 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiarrhythmic 400 mg/day
Antiarthritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiatherosclerotic 400 mg/day
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric 500-750 mg/day
Anticonvulsant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Anticoronary 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic 400-800 mg/man/day
Antidysmenorrheic 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiendometriotic 500 mg/day
Antienterotic
Antiepileptic 450 mg/day
Antifatigue
Antifibromyalgic 200-300 mg 3x/day
Antigastrotic
Antiglaucomic
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antihypoglycemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiinflammatory 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antilithic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimastalgic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimenopausal 500-750 mg/day
Antimigraine 200 mg/day/manWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Antinephrolytic
Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoporotic 500-1,000 mg/day/wmn/orl
Antiplaque 500-1,000 mg/day
Antiretinopathic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antispasmodic
Antispasmophilic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antistress 500-750 mg/day
Antistroke 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antisyndrome-X 400 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Anxiolytic 500-750 mg/day
CNS-Depressant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 260-500 mg/day
Immunomodulator
Insulinogenic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Laxative 300-500 mg/day
Litholytic
Myorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Neurotransmitter
Tranquilizer 500-750 mg/day
Uterorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Vasodilator
MAGNESIUM Seed100.0 1600.0 -0.53 *
Activities (65)
AntiCFS
AntiLyme 400-1,000 mg
AntiMS
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn/orl
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn orl
AntiRaynaud's 280-350 mg/day
Antiaggregant 400 mg/day
Antialcoholic
Antianginal 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antianorectic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antianxiety 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiarrhythmic 400 mg/day
Antiarthritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiatherosclerotic 400 mg/day
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric 500-750 mg/day
Anticonvulsant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Anticoronary 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic 400-800 mg/man/day
Antidysmenorrheic 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiendometriotic 500 mg/day
Antienterotic
Antiepileptic 450 mg/day
Antifatigue
Antifibromyalgic 200-300 mg 3x/day
Antigastrotic
Antiglaucomic
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antihypoglycemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiinflammatory 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antilithic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimastalgic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimenopausal 500-750 mg/day
Antimigraine 200 mg/day/manWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Antinephrolytic
Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoporotic 500-1,000 mg/day/wmn/orl
Antiplaque 500-1,000 mg/day
Antiretinopathic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antispasmodic
Antispasmophilic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antistress 500-750 mg/day
Antistroke 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antisyndrome-X 400 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Anxiolytic 500-750 mg/day
CNS-Depressant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 260-500 mg/day
Immunomodulator
Insulinogenic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Laxative 300-500 mg/day
Litholytic
Myorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Neurotransmitter
Tranquilizer 500-750 mg/day
Uterorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Vasodilator
MALEIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
MALIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (15)
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Antifibromyalgic 300 mg 3x/day
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Antiseborrheic
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Antitubercular
Antitumor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Bacteristat
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Hemopoietic
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Mycobactericide
Pesticide
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
MALIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Activities (15)
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Antifibromyalgic 300 mg 3x/day
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Antiseborrheic
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Antitubercular
Antitumor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Bacteristat
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Hemopoietic
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Mycobactericide
Pesticide
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
MALIC-ACID-DEHYDROGENASE Plant-- -- *
MALONIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
MALTOSYL-TRANSFERASE Plant-- -- *
MANGANESE Silk Stigma Style-- 34.0 -1.0 *
Activities (14)
AntiPMS
Antialcoholic Forest H. Nielsen, USDA, Grand Forks, various publications.
Antianemic Martindale's 28th
Antiarthritic
Antidiabetic 3-5 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidiabetic 10-30 mg/man/day
Antidiscotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Antiepileptic 450 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antioxidant
Antisyndrome-X 10-30 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypoglycemic 10-30 mg/man/day
MANGANESE Seed0.84 63.0 0.12 *
Activities (14)
AntiPMS
Antialcoholic Forest H. Nielsen, USDA, Grand Forks, various publications.
Antianemic Martindale's 28th
Antiarthritic
Antidiabetic 3-5 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidiabetic 10-30 mg/man/day
Antidiscotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Antiepileptic 450 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antioxidant
Antisyndrome-X 10-30 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypoglycemic 10-30 mg/man/day
MANNOSE Plant1.0 7.0 *
Activities (3)
AntiUTI
Antiadhesive
Anticystitic 0.25-1 tsp 3-4 x/day orl man
MAYSIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (3)
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Larvistat IC50=2.6-3.5 mM/kg dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Pesticide
MAYSIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (3)
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Larvistat IC50=2.6-3.5 mM/kg dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Pesticide
MELATONIN Seed-- 0.001 Hattori, A., et. al. 1995. Identification of Melatonin in Plants and its Effects on Plasma Melatonin Levels and Binding to Melatonin Receptors in Vertebrates. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int., 35(3): 627-634.
Activities (23)
Anaphrodisiac Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiaggregant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticonvulsant 25 ug/gerbil/scuMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antidepressant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antigonadotrophic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiinsomniac 0.1-10 mg/man
Antioxidant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiradicular 0.2-0.4 mg/kg
Antithyreotropic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Aphrodisiac Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
COX-2-Inhibitor Newmark, T. M. and Schulick, P. 2000. Herbal Cox-2 Inhibition - Nature's Challenge to Arthritis, Cancer & Alzheimer's Disease. Hohm Press, Prescott AZ.
Contraceptive Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Depressant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
GABA-nergic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Gonadotrophic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypnotic 0.1-0.3 mg/man
Hypocholesterolemic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypothermic 1-10 mg/man
Immunostimulant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Progesteronigenic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Serotoninergic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Thyrotropic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
MENTHOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (63)
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Anesthetic 2,000 ppmYamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC50=2.0 mM
Antiaggregant IC50=750
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antibacillus MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial MIC=0.625-2.5
Antibronchitic Martindale's 28th
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Antiescherichic MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Antiinflammatory Martindale's 28th
Antilisteria MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antineuralgic
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Antipyretic
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Antisalmonella MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antiseptic 4 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Antispasmodic ED50=0.01 mg/mlFitoterapia No.59-1984.
Antistaphylococcic MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antistreptococcic MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antitartar
Antivaginitic
Antivulvitic
Bradycardic 65 mg/3 x day/womanMartindale's 28th
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
CNS-Depressant
CNS-Stimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist
Candidicide MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Choleretic
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Counterirritant
Decongestant? 11 mg/manEccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Dermatitigenic
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Irritant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Myorelaxant Martindale's 29th
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Neuropathogenic 40-100 mg/day/ratYamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Rubefacient
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Transdermal
Vibriocide
MENTHOL Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (63)
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Anesthetic 2,000 ppmYamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC50=2.0 mM
Antiaggregant IC50=750
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antibacillus MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial MIC=0.625-2.5
Antibronchitic Martindale's 28th
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Antiescherichic MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Antiinflammatory Martindale's 28th
Antilisteria MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antineuralgic
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Antipyretic
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Antisalmonella MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antiseptic 4 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Antispasmodic ED50=0.01 mg/mlFitoterapia No.59-1984.
Antistaphylococcic MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antistreptococcic MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antitartar
Antivaginitic
Antivulvitic
Bradycardic 65 mg/3 x day/womanMartindale's 28th
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
CNS-Depressant
CNS-Stimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist
Candidicide MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Choleretic
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Counterirritant
Decongestant? 11 mg/manEccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Dermatitigenic
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Expectorant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Irritant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Myorelaxant Martindale's 29th
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Neuropathogenic 40-100 mg/day/ratYamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Rubefacient
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Transdermal
Vibriocide
MERCURY Seed-- 0.072 -0.3 *
Activities (1)
Nephrotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
MESO-INOSITOL Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
METHIONINE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
Activities (15)
Anticataract Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidote (Acetaminophen) 10 g/16hr/man/orlMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Paracetamol) 10 g/16hr/man/orlMartindale's 29th
Antieczemic
Antihepatotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antiparkinsonian 1-5 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Glutathionigenic Martindale's 29th
Hepatoprotective
Lipotropic Merck 11th Edition
Urine-Acidifier 200 mg/3x/day/man/orlMartindale's 28th
Urine-Deodorant Martindale's 29th
METHIONINE Seed670.0 2787.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (15)
Anticataract Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidote (Acetaminophen) 10 g/16hr/man/orlMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Paracetamol) 10 g/16hr/man/orlMartindale's 29th
Antieczemic
Antihepatotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antiparkinsonian 1-5 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Glutathionigenic Martindale's 29th
Hepatoprotective
Lipotropic Merck 11th Edition
Urine-Acidifier 200 mg/3x/day/man/orlMartindale's 28th
Urine-Deodorant Martindale's 29th
METHYL-2-THIENYL-KETONE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
METHYL-AMINE Seed-- 27.0 -0.01 *
Activities (1)
Irritant
METHYL-PHENYLACETATE Silk Essent. Oil30000.0 40000.0 *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.1-35Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
METHYL-PYRAN-2-CARBOXALDEHYDE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
MEVALONIC-ACID Seed-- 14.0 *
MOLYBDENUM Seed0.084 6.3 0.45 *
Activities (2)
Anticancer (Esophagus)? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antitumor (Esophagus)? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
MONOGALACTOSYL-DIGLYCERIDE Plant-- -- *
MYO-INOSITOL Plant-- -- *
MYRCENE Seed-- -- *
Activities (22)
ACE-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlOkamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Allergenic
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antibacterial
Anticonvulsant
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive 10-20 mg/kg ipr musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antinociceptive 20-40 mg/kg scu musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
FLavor FEMA 0.5-9Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Hypothermic
Insectifuge
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Myorelaxant 100-200 mg/kg
P450-2B1-Inhibitor IC50=0.14 uM
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
MYRCENE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (22)
ACE-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlOkamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Allergenic
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antibacterial
Anticonvulsant
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive 10-20 mg/kg ipr musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antinociceptive 20-40 mg/kg scu musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
FLavor FEMA 0.5-9Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Hypothermic
Insectifuge
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Myorelaxant 100-200 mg/kg
P450-2B1-Inhibitor IC50=0.14 uM
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
MYRCENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (22)
ACE-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlOkamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Allergenic
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antibacterial
Anticonvulsant
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive 10-20 mg/kg ipr musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antinociceptive 20-40 mg/kg scu musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
FLavor FEMA 0.5-9Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Hypothermic
Insectifuge
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Myorelaxant 100-200 mg/kg
P450-2B1-Inhibitor IC50=0.14 uM
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
MYRCENE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (22)
ACE-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlOkamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Allergenic
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antibacterial
Anticonvulsant
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive 10-20 mg/kg ipr musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antinociceptive 20-40 mg/kg scu musRao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
FLavor FEMA 0.5-9Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Hypothermic
Insectifuge
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Myorelaxant 100-200 mg/kg
P450-2B1-Inhibitor IC50=0.14 uM
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
MYRECITIN-GLUCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
MYRISTIC-ACID Seed-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antioxidant IC71=60
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
N-DEMETHYL-DIAZEPAM Seed-- -- *
N-METHYL-BETA-PHENETHYLAMINE Seed-- 1.1 *
N-METHYL-PHENETHYLAMINE Seed-- 1.1 -1.0 *
N-PROPYL-GALLATE Seed-- -- *
NAPHTHALENE Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
Activities (1)
Cataractagenic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
NAPHTHALENE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cataractagenic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
NAPHTHALENE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cataractagenic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
NAPHTHALENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cataractagenic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
NEOCRYPTOXANTHIN Plant-- -- *
NEOXANTHIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (2)
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NEROLIDOL Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (11)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Allergenic
Antiacne
Antibacterial MIC=25-200 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticariogenic MIC=25-200 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antifeedant 1 mM (diet)Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Antistreptococcic
FLavor FEMA 1-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
NIACIN Silk Stigma Style-- 25.0 *
Activities (39)
Allergenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
AntiMeniere's Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
AntiRaynaud's 1,500-4,000 mg/day
Antiacrodynic
Antiallergic 50 mg/2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antialzheimeran
Antiamblyopic
Antianginal
Anticataract
Antichilblain Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticonvulsant 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidementia
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic
Antidysphagic
Antiepileptic 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihangover 50 mg
Antihistaminic 50 mg 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihyperactivity 1.5-6 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomnic 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipellagric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiscotomic
Antispasmodic 100 mg 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antivertigo
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Circulotonic
Fibrinolytic
Hepatoprotective
Hepatotoxic
Hypocholesterolemic 50-100 mg 3x/day
Hypoglycemic
Hypolipidemic
Sedative Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vasodilator Martindale's 29th
NIACIN Seed16.0 71.0 0.84 *
Activities (39)
Allergenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
AntiMeniere's Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
AntiRaynaud's 1,500-4,000 mg/day
Antiacrodynic
Antiallergic 50 mg/2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antialzheimeran
Antiamblyopic
Antianginal
Anticataract
Antichilblain Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticonvulsant 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidementia
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic
Antidysphagic
Antiepileptic 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihangover 50 mg
Antihistaminic 50 mg 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihyperactivity 1.5-6 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomnic 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipellagric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiscotomic
Antispasmodic 100 mg 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antivertigo
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Circulotonic
Fibrinolytic
Hepatoprotective
Hepatotoxic
Hypocholesterolemic 50-100 mg 3x/day
Hypoglycemic
Hypolipidemic
Sedative Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vasodilator Martindale's 29th
NIACIN Cob4.0 16.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (39)
Allergenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
AntiMeniere's Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
AntiRaynaud's 1,500-4,000 mg/day
Antiacrodynic
Antiallergic 50 mg/2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antialzheimeran
Antiamblyopic
Antianginal
Anticataract
Antichilblain Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticonvulsant 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidementia
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic
Antidysphagic
Antiepileptic 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihangover 50 mg
Antihistaminic 50 mg 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihyperactivity 1.5-6 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomnic 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antineuralgic
Antiparkinsonian 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipellagric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiscotomic
Antispasmodic 100 mg 2x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antivertigo
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Circulotonic
Fibrinolytic
Hepatoprotective
Hepatotoxic
Hypocholesterolemic 50-100 mg 3x/day
Hypoglycemic
Hypolipidemic
Sedative Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vasodilator Martindale's 29th
NICKEL Seed0.12 6.3 0.3 *
Activities (3)
Antiadrenalinic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticirrhotic? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Insulin-Sparing Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
NICOTIANAMINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (1)
ACE-Inhibitor IC50=0.26 uM/
NON-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
NON-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Essential Oil-- 30000.0 *
NON-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 30000.0 *
NON-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 *
NON-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 *
NON-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Leaf-- -- *
NONA-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
NONA-TRANS-2-TRANS-4-DIEN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 *
NONAL-N-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
NONAN-1-AL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
NONAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 97000.0 *
NONAN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil80000.0 28000.0 *
NONAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
NONAN-1-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 30000.0 *
NONAN-1-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
NONAN-1-OL Essential Oil-- 30000.0 *
NONAN-2-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 260000.0 *
NONAN-2-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 132000.0 *
NONAN-2-OL Plant-- -- *
NONAN-2-OL Essential Oil-- 260000.0 *
NONAN-2-OL Silk Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
NONAN-2-ONE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
NONAN-2-ONE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
NONAN-2-ONE Essential Oil-- 20000.0 *
NONAN-2-ONE Seed Essent. Oil-- 20000.0 *
O-DIETHYL-PHTHALATE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
OBTUSIFOLIOL Shoot-- -- *
OBTUSIFOLIOL Sprout Seedling-- -- *
OCT-1-EN-3-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
OCT-1-EN-3-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 25000.0 *
OCT-1-EN-3-OL Plant-- -- *
OCT-1-EN-3-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
OCT-1-EN-3-OL Silk Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
OCT-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Plant-- -- *
OCT-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- 37000.0 *
OCT-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
OCT-TRANS-2-EN-1-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 *
OCT-TRANS-2-EN-1-OL Plant-- -- *
OCT-TRANS-2-EN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
OCTA-3-5-DIEN-2-ONE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
OCTA-3-5-DIENE-2-ONE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
OCTA-TRANS-2-TRANS-5-DIEN-2-ONE Silk Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
OCTADECADIENOIC-ACID Seed-- -- *
OCTADECATRIENOIC-ACID Seed-- -- *
OCTADECENOIC-ACID Seed-- -- *
OCTAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
OCTAN-1-OL Silk Essent. Oil5000.0 10000.0 *
OCTAN-1-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
OCTAN-1-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
OCTAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
OCTAN-2-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- 12000.0 *
OCTAN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
OCTAN-2-OL Plant-- -- *
OCTAN-2-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 20000.0 *
OCTAN-2-OL Essential Oil-- 20000.0 *
OCTAN-2-ONE Essential Oil-- -- *
OCTAN-2-ONE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
OCTAN-2-ONE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
OLEANOLIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (64)
Abortifacient
AntiHIV IC50=21.8 ug/ml
AntiHIV EC50=1.7 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
AntiPGE2 IC50=24 uM
AntiTGF-beta IC50=19-24 uM
Antiallergic
Antiarrhythmic 40 mg/kg
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticomplement IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpgHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Anticomplement IC80-90 0.05 mM/l gpgHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Antiedemic IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
Antifertility
Antigingivitic MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antihepatotoxic
Antihyperlipidemic
Antiinflammatory 40 mg/kg iprAquino, R., De Feo, V., De Simone, F., Pizza, C.*, and Cirino, G. Plant Metabolites. New Compounds And Anti-Inflammatory Activity Of Uncaria tomentosa. Journal of Natural Products, 54(2): 453-459, 1991.
Antiischemic 40 mg/kg
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antileukotriene IC50=17 uM
Antimalarial IC50=70-89 ug/ml
Antinephritic IC50=19-24 uM
Antioxidant Balanehru, S. and Nagarajan, B. 1992. Intervention of Adriamycin Induced Free Radical Damage. Biochemistry International 28(4): 735-744, 1992.
Antioxidant IC46=10 uM
Antiperiodontic MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant IC30=200 ug/ml
Antiplaque MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial IC50=70-89 ug/ml
Antisarcomic
Antiseptic MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antitumor
Antitumor (Breast) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antiulcer >carbenoxolone
Antiviral EC50=1.7 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Antiviral IC50=21.8 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Beta-Blocker
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor ~100 mg/kg
COX-2-Inhibitor IC50=295 uM/
COX-2-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective 40 mg/kg
Cardiotonic
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Elastase-Inhibitor IC50=~15 uM
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 211.
Hypolipemic
Hypotensive
Immunomodulator
Leucocytogenic
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Phagocytotic
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor igs mus
Sedative
Uterotonic
Vasopressor
OLEIC-ACID Seed3470.0 14435.0 -0.86 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (18)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Allergenic
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Anemiagenic
Antialopecic
Antiandrogenic
Antiinflammatory IC50=21 uM
Antileukotriene-D4 IC50=21 uM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Choleretic 5 ml/man
Dermatitigenic
FLavor FEMA 1-30Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant Merck 11th Edition
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Propecic
ORIENTIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antiinflammatory Fitoterapia No.61: 263, 1990.
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
OXALIC-ACID Fruit-- 99.0 -0.3 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Activities (9)
Acaricide
Antiseptic
CNS-Paralytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Fatal Martindale's 29th
Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
Irritant
Pesticide
Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Varroacide
P-COUMARIC-ACID Sprout Seedling-- -- *
Activities (25)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity)Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allelopathic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Anticlastogen
Antifertility
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antioxidant IC24=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antitumor
Cancer-Preventive
Chemopreventive
Choleretic
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Pesticide
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=3,650 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID Shoot-- 1.0 -0.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
Activities (25)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity)Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allelopathic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Anticlastogen
Antifertility
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antioxidant IC24=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antitumor
Cancer-Preventive
Chemopreventive
Choleretic
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Pesticide
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=3,650 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID Seed4.0 46.0 -0.41 *
Activities (25)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity)Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allelopathic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Anticlastogen
Antifertility
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antioxidant IC24=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antitumor
Cancer-Preventive
Chemopreventive
Choleretic
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Pesticide
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=3,650 uM
P-HYDROXYBENZALDEHYDE Cob-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Pesticide
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=1.2 mM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=1,200 uM
P-VINYL-GUAIACOL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
PALMITIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (13)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antialopecic
Antiandrogenic
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Antioxidant IC40=60
FLavor FEMA 1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pesticide
Propecic
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PALMITIC-ACID Seed1710.0 7114.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (13)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antialopecic
Antiandrogenic
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Antioxidant IC40=60
FLavor FEMA 1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pesticide
Propecic
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PALMITOLEIC-ACID Fruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (2)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PANTOTHENIC-ACID Seed4.0 34.0 1.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (11)
Antiallergic 100-500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiarthritic 500-2,000 mg/day
Anticephalagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticlaudificant? Martindale's 29th
Antidermatitic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antifatigue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihypercholesterolemic 300 mg/mealWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiielus? Martindale's 29th
Antiinsomniac? Martindale's 29th
Antirheumatitic? Martindale's 29th
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
PANTOTHENIC-ACID Cob3.0 7.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (11)
Antiallergic 100-500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiarthritic 500-2,000 mg/day
Anticephalagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticlaudificant? Martindale's 29th
Antidermatitic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antifatigue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihypercholesterolemic 300 mg/mealWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiielus? Martindale's 29th
Antiinsomniac? Martindale's 29th
Antirheumatitic? Martindale's 29th
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
PECTIC POLYSACCHARIDE Shoot-- -- *
PECTIN Leaf10000.0 17000.0 -0.93 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (24)
Antiatheromic 15 g/man/dayCerda, J.J. Pectin in Health and Disease. HortScience, 25(12): 1485, 1990.
Antibacterial
Antidiabetic 10 g/man/day/orl
Antidiarrheic Merck 11th Edition
Antienteritic
Antigallstone
Antigastritic
Antilithic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic
Antiobesity Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitussive
Antiulcer
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemopreventive
Demulcent
Fungicide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hemostat
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypoglycemic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Peristaltic
Pesticide
PECTINS Plant-- 5900.0 *
PELARGONIDIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (7)
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Antioxidant ID50=85-456 uM
Antiviral
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Pesticide
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Prooxidant
PELARGONIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
PENT-1-EN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
PENTAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
PENTAN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
PENTAN-3-ONE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
PEROXIDASE Anther-- -- *
PHENANTHRENE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antibacterial Martindale's 29th
Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
FLavor
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.8-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE Husk Essent. Oil-- 13000.0 *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.8-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE Plant-- -- *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.8-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE Silk Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.8-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
PHENYLACETIC-ACID Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.1-30Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
PHENYLALANINE Seed1500.0 6240.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (7)
AntiADD 587 mg/day/orlMartindale's 29th
Antidepressant 50-4,000 mg/day/man
Antiparkinsonian 200-500 mg/day/manMartindale's 28th
Antisickling 690 ug/ml
Antivitiligic 100 mg/kg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Tremorigenic 1,600-12,600 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
PHENYLALANINE-AMMONIA-LYASE Plant-- -- *
PHOSPHATIDYL-CHOLINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antialzheimeran 10-25 g/day/orl
Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
PHOSPHATIDYL-ETHANOLAMINE Plant-- -- *
PHOSPHATIDYL-INOSITOL Plant-- -- *
PHOSPHOENOL-PYRUVATE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
PHOSPHOLIPIDS Seed-- -- *
PHOSPHORUS Silk Stigma Style-- 287.0 *
Activities (4)
Antiosteoporotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic
Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
PHOSPHORUS Seed600.0 4066.0 -0.34 *
Activities (4)
Antiosteoporotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic
Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
PHYLLOQUINONE Fruit-- 0.003 -0.23 *
Activities (5)
Antihemorrhagic 1 mg ims manMartindale's 28th
Fungicide
Hypotensive
Pesticide
Toxic Martindale's 28th
PHYLLOQUINONE Oil-- 0.03 -1.06 *
Activities (5)
Antihemorrhagic 1 mg ims manMartindale's 28th
Fungicide
Hypotensive
Pesticide
Toxic Martindale's 28th
PHYTATE Seed310.0 6400.0 -0.77 *
PHYTIC-ACID Pollen Or Spore-- 2600.0 *
Activities (9)
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticancer
Antioxidant
Antitumor
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Fungicide
Hypocalcemic Sodium phytateMerck 11th Edition
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
PHYTIC-ACID Seed7200.0 12900.0 -0.36 *
Activities (9)
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticancer
Antioxidant
Antitumor
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Fungicide
Hypocalcemic Sodium phytateMerck 11th Edition
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
PHYTIN Plant-- -- *
PHYTOFLUENE Plant-- -- *
PHYTOHAEMAGGLUTININ Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (2)
Anticancer Martindale's 29th
Lectin Martindale's 29th
PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININ Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
PHYTOSTEROLS Seed600.0 2800.0 0.12 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Activities (2)
Antiprostatotic
Hypocholesterolemic
POTASSIUM Silk Stigma Style-- 12200.0 *
Activities (14)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antiarrhythmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifatigue Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antispasmodic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antistroke
Anxiolytic
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective 3,000-5,000 mg
Cardiotoxic 18,000 mg/man/day
Diuretic
Hypotensive
Vasodilator
POTASSIUM Seed2400.0 11450.0 -0.1 *
Activities (14)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antiarrhythmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifatigue Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antispasmodic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antistroke
Anxiolytic
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective 3,000-5,000 mg
Cardiotoxic 18,000 mg/man/day
Diuretic
Hypotensive
Vasodilator
PROLAMINE Seed45000.0 55000.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
PROLINE Root-- 69.0 -1.26 *
PROLINE Shoot-- 11.0 -0.71 *
PROLINE Seed2920.0 12147.0 0.16 *
PROPAN-1-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
PROTEASE INHIBITOR C1-4-A Endosperm-- -- *
PROTEIN Silk Stigma Style-- 99000.0 -1.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
PROTEIN Seed22520.0 132000.0 -0.91 *
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Tissue Culture-- -- *
Activities (43)
Allergenic
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
AntiLegionella
Antiarrhythmic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 407.
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
Anticlastogen
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antiinflammatory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiischemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic
Antimelanogenic ID60=0.5 uM/ml
Antimutagenic
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant 2/3 quercetin
Antioxidant 10 x alpha-tocopherol
Antioxidant 1/2 BHT
Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiperoxidant IC75=200 ug/ml
Antiradicular
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic EC50=4.6-17 uMOrtiz de Urbina, J.J., Martin, M.L., Sevilla, M.A., Montero, M.J., Carron, R., and San Roman, L. Antispasmodic Activity on Rat Smooth Muscle of Polyphenol Compounds Caffeic and Protocathechic Acids. Phytotherapy Research 4(2): 73, 1990.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Mouth)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitussive Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Carcinogenic
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive 100 ppm orl rat
Fungicide 500 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Glutathione-Depleting
Hepatotoxic
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Nephrotoxic
Pesticide
Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Prostaglandigenic
Secretogogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID60=0.5 uM/ml
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PROTOSAN Seed Oil-- -- *
PUTRESCINE Sprout Seedling-- -- *
PYRIDOXINE Cob1.0 3.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (43)
Analgesic 50 mg dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiMSG-Sensitivity 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiMorning-Sickness Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiPMS 100 mg/day/orl/wmnMartindale's 29th
AntiPMS 50 mg/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiTMJ 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiacne 50 mg/day
Antiaggregant 40 mg/day
Antianemic 50-400 mg/man/day
Antiasthmatic 100-200 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiautistic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticarpal-Tunnel 100-150 mg/day/12 wks/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant 40-50 mg day
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Hydrazine) 10 g ivnMartindale's 29th
Antidyskinetic 250-300 mg/man/4x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiemetic 20-200 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiepileptic 40 mg/day
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihomocystinuric 40 mg/day
Antihyperkinetic 1.5-2 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihyperventilation 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinfertility 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antilithic 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antinephritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antineuritic 150 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antineuropathic 50 mgWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antioxaluric Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiparkinsonian 50 mg day
Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradiation Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antischizophrenic 50 mg/man/3x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiseborrheic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antisickling Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antispasmodic 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiulcer Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antivertigo Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Dopaminergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Neurotoxic 2-6 g/day for 2-24 mosMartindale's 29th
Progesteronigenic 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
PYRROLE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
PYRROLIDINE Seed-- -- *
Activities (1)
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
PYRUVIC-ACID Sprout Seedling-- -- *
Activities (1)
FLavor FEMA 1-110Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
QUERCETIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (176)
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM)=4
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.84 ug/ml cowOkada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.344 uMMao, X. M., Zhang, J. Q. 1993. Inhibition of Aldose Reductase by Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi , 18(10): 623-624.
Allelochemic IC82=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Analgesic
AntiCrohn's 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiGTF ID50=120 ug/ml
AntiHIV
AntiPMS 500 mg/2x/day/wmnPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiaflatoxin IC50=25 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=7.5 ppm
Antiaggregant IC50=55 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 333.
Antiaggregant 30 uM
Antiaging
Antiallergic IC50=14 uMJim Duke's personal files.
Antialzheimeran
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Antiangiogenic
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic IC50=14 uM
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=1.5 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticariogenic ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Anticolitic 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticomplementary
Anticystitic 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidiabetic
Antielastase IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antiescherichic
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant IC52=<1,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antifibrosarcomic
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Antiherpetic 48-150 ug/ml
Antihistaminic IC50=<10 uM
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory 20-150 mg/kgFitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileishmanic IC50=64
Antileukemic IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 5.5-60 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilipoperoxidant IC67=50
Antimalarial IC50=1-6.4 ug/mlMedicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antimelanomic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.62 ug/ml
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant IC96=300 ppmPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antioxidant ED50=2.3 uMSeidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Antioxidant 4.7 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC47=10 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiperistaltic
Antipermeability
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplasmodial IC50=13-64
Antipodriac
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiproliferant 10 nM
Antiprostanoid
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradicular IC50=4.6 uMPlanta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
Antispasmodic
Antistreptococcic ID50=120 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Antithrombic
Antitrypanosomic IC50=13
Antitumor 10 uM
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Skin) 20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antiviral 48-150 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Apoptotic 20-60 uM
Bacteristat 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
COMT-Inhibitor
COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Carcinogenic 40,000 ppm (diet) musNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Catabolic
Copper-Chelator
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic ED50=70 ug/mlMatsukawa, Y., et al. The Effect of Quercetin and Other Flavonoids on Cell Cycle Progresssion and Growth of Human Gastric Cancer Cells. Planta Medica, 56(6): 677, 1990.
Cytotoxic IC82=100 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Differentiator 5.5 uM
Estrogenic 10% genistein
Fungicide
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor ID50=120 ug/ml
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hepatomagenic 5,000 ppm (diet) ratPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypoglycemic 100 mg/kg orl ratIvorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Inotropic
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Larvistat 8,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=1.25 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
MMP-9-Inhibitor 20 uM
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
Mutagenic
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
NEP-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Inhibitor IC>50=125 uM
NO-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM
Neuroprotective 5-25 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor <10 uM
P450-Inducer 5 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
P450-Inhibitor 50-100 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
PGE2-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 0.4-24 uM
Pesticide
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Proliferant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 40 ug/mlIbewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 6 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 13 uM
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.11 uM
Teratologic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=42 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=23-40 uM
Tumorigenic 0.1% diet orl rat/yrJim Duke's personal files.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=>0.4 ug/mlChem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=10.6 ug/ml
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 3.1 uM
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
QUERCETIN Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
Activities (176)
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM)=4
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.84 ug/ml cowOkada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.344 uMMao, X. M., Zhang, J. Q. 1993. Inhibition of Aldose Reductase by Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi , 18(10): 623-624.
Allelochemic IC82=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Analgesic
AntiCrohn's 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiGTF ID50=120 ug/ml
AntiHIV
AntiPMS 500 mg/2x/day/wmnPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiaflatoxin IC50=25 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=7.5 ppm
Antiaggregant IC50=55 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 333.
Antiaggregant 30 uM
Antiaging
Antiallergic IC50=14 uMJim Duke's personal files.
Antialzheimeran
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Antiangiogenic
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic IC50=14 uM
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=1.5 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticariogenic ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Anticolitic 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticomplementary
Anticystitic 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidiabetic
Antielastase IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antiescherichic
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant IC52=<1,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antifibrosarcomic
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Antiherpetic 48-150 ug/ml
Antihistaminic IC50=<10 uM
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory 20-150 mg/kgFitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileishmanic IC50=64
Antileukemic IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 5.5-60 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilipoperoxidant IC67=50
Antimalarial IC50=1-6.4 ug/mlMedicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antimelanomic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.62 ug/ml
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant IC96=300 ppmPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antioxidant ED50=2.3 uMSeidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Antioxidant 4.7 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC47=10 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiperistaltic
Antipermeability
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplasmodial IC50=13-64
Antipodriac
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiproliferant 10 nM
Antiprostanoid
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradicular IC50=4.6 uMPlanta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
Antispasmodic
Antistreptococcic ID50=120 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Antithrombic
Antitrypanosomic IC50=13
Antitumor 10 uM
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Skin) 20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antiviral 48-150 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Apoptotic 20-60 uM
Bacteristat 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
COMT-Inhibitor
COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Carcinogenic 40,000 ppm (diet) musNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Catabolic
Copper-Chelator
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic ED50=70 ug/mlMatsukawa, Y., et al. The Effect of Quercetin and Other Flavonoids on Cell Cycle Progresssion and Growth of Human Gastric Cancer Cells. Planta Medica, 56(6): 677, 1990.
Cytotoxic IC82=100 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Differentiator 5.5 uM
Estrogenic 10% genistein
Fungicide
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor ID50=120 ug/ml
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hepatomagenic 5,000 ppm (diet) ratPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypoglycemic 100 mg/kg orl ratIvorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Inotropic
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Larvistat 8,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=1.25 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
MMP-9-Inhibitor 20 uM
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
Mutagenic
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
NEP-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Inhibitor IC>50=125 uM
NO-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM
Neuroprotective 5-25 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor <10 uM
P450-Inducer 5 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
P450-Inhibitor 50-100 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
PGE2-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 0.4-24 uM
Pesticide
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Proliferant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 40 ug/mlIbewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 6 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 13 uM
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.11 uM
Teratologic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=42 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=23-40 uM
Tumorigenic 0.1% diet orl rat/yrJim Duke's personal files.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=>0.4 ug/mlChem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=10.6 ug/ml
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 3.1 uM
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
QUERCETIN-3,3'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
QUERCETIN-3,7-DI-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
QUERCETIN-3-O-ALPHA-D-RHAMNOSYL-O-BETA-L-GALACTOSIDE? Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antiinflammatory Planta Medica, 56(6): 660, 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSYL-O-ALPHA-L-GALACTOSIDE? Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-NEOHESPEROSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
QUERCETIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE-3'-O-DIGLUCOSIDE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
QUERCETIN-DIGLUCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
QUINIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Choleretic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
RAFFINOSE Fruit1000.0 3000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (1)
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
RESIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
RHAMNOGALACTURONAN-I Tissue Culture-- -- *
RHAMNOSE Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
RIBOFLAVIN Fruit1.0 4.0 -0.22 *
Activities (15)
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
Antiarabiflavinotic 2-10 mg/day orlMartindale's 28th
Anticarpal-Tunnel 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 15 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticervicaldysplasic 1.6-10 mg/day
Anticheilitic
Antidecubitic
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antikeratitic
Antimigraine
Antioxidant
Antipellagric
Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
RIBOFLAVIN Cob1.0 3.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (15)
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
Antiarabiflavinotic 2-10 mg/day orlMartindale's 28th
Anticarpal-Tunnel 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 15 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticervicaldysplasic 1.6-10 mg/day
Anticheilitic
Antidecubitic
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antikeratitic
Antimigraine
Antioxidant
Antipellagric
Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
RIBOFLAVIN Silk Stigma Style-- 1.5 -1.0 *
Activities (15)
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
Antiarabiflavinotic 2-10 mg/day orlMartindale's 28th
Anticarpal-Tunnel 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 15 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticervicaldysplasic 1.6-10 mg/day
Anticheilitic
Antidecubitic
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antikeratitic
Antimigraine
Antioxidant
Antipellagric
Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
RIBONUCLEASE Tissue Culture-- -- *
Activities (2)
Analgesic Martindale's 29th
Antiarthritic Martindale's 29th
RICINOLEIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (7)
Antiinflammatory IC50=41 uM
Antileukotriene-D4 IC50=41 uM
Carcinogenic
Prostaglandigenic
Secretogogue
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
RUBISCO Plant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SABINOL Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (5)
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Emmenagogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SALICYLATES Fruit1.0 5.0 -0.32 *
Activities (7)
Antiaggregant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antiinflammatory Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antipyretic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antiuricosuric Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hyperglycemic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hypoglycemic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Uricosuric Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
SALICYLIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER Leaf-- -- *
SAPONIN Silk Stigma Style23000.0 32000.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
SD Plant-- -- *
SELENIUM Silk Stigma Style-- 5.7 *
Activities (60)
AP-1-Inhibitor 2-50 uM
Analgesic 200 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anorexic Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
AntiHIV
AntiNF-kB
Antiacne 200 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiaggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiangiogenic 2 uM
Antiangiogenic 230 ug/kg orl rat
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticataract 400 ug/day
Anticirrhotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticlimacteric 200 ug/day
Anticoronary 200 ug/day
Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant 200 ug/day
Antidote (Mercury) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifibrotic 400 ug
Antigout 200 ug
Antikeshan Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antileukemic 1.6 mg/kg ipr mus
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimaculitic
Antimelanomic 480 ug/kg
Antimenopausal 200 ug/day
Antimetastatic 480 ug/kg
Antimyalgic 200 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoarthritic
Antioxidant 100-200 (-400) ug/man/day
Antiparkinsonian 200-400 ug/day
Antiproliferant 2 uM
Antiradicular 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antirheumatic
Antisyndrome-X 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitumor 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitumor (Breast) 333.6 ug/day
Antitumor (Breast) 0.8 mg/kg scu mus
Antitumor (Breast) 150 ug/kg diet rat
Antitumor (Breast) 230 ug/kg orl rat
Antitumor (Lung) 240 ug/kg diet
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (brain) 38-150 ug/kg
Antiulcerogenic Rafatullah, S., Tariq, M., Al-Yahya, M.A., Mossa, J.S., and Ageel, A.M. 1989. Evaluation of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) for Gastric and Duodenal Antiulcer Activity in Rats. J. of Ethnopharmacology, 29: 25-34, 1990.
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Cancer-Preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Cardioprotective 200 ug/day
Depressant Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Fungicide Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor IC50=2-50 uM
VEGF-Inhibitor
SELENIUM Seed-- 0.5 -0.26 *
Activities (60)
AP-1-Inhibitor 2-50 uM
Analgesic 200 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anorexic Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
AntiHIV
AntiNF-kB
Antiacne 200 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiaggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiangiogenic 2 uM
Antiangiogenic 230 ug/kg orl rat
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticataract 400 ug/day
Anticirrhotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticlimacteric 200 ug/day
Anticoronary 200 ug/day
Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant 200 ug/day
Antidote (Mercury) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifibrotic 400 ug
Antigout 200 ug
Antikeshan Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antileukemic 1.6 mg/kg ipr mus
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimaculitic
Antimelanomic 480 ug/kg
Antimenopausal 200 ug/day
Antimetastatic 480 ug/kg
Antimyalgic 200 ug/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoarthritic
Antioxidant 100-200 (-400) ug/man/day
Antiparkinsonian 200-400 ug/day
Antiproliferant 2 uM
Antiradicular 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antirheumatic
Antisyndrome-X 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitumor 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitumor (Breast) 333.6 ug/day
Antitumor (Breast) 0.8 mg/kg scu mus
Antitumor (Breast) 150 ug/kg diet rat
Antitumor (Breast) 230 ug/kg orl rat
Antitumor (Lung) 240 ug/kg diet
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (brain) 38-150 ug/kg
Antiulcerogenic Rafatullah, S., Tariq, M., Al-Yahya, M.A., Mossa, J.S., and Ageel, A.M. 1989. Evaluation of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) for Gastric and Duodenal Antiulcer Activity in Rats. J. of Ethnopharmacology, 29: 25-34, 1990.
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Cancer-Preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Cardioprotective 200 ug/day
Depressant Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Fungicide Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant 100-200 (-400) ug/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor IC50=2-50 uM
VEGF-Inhibitor
SERINE Seed1530.0 6365.0 -0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
SEROTIN Plant-- -- *
SI Plant-- -- *
SILICON Silk Stigma Style-- 237.0 *
Activities (4)
Antiarteriosclerotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antionychyotic
Antiosteoporotic
Cardioprotective
SILVER Seed0.012 0.055 -0.18 *
Activities (3)
Antibacterial Martindale's 28th
Astringent
Pesticide
SITOSTANOL FERULATE Bran-- -- *
SITOSTANOL-P-COUMARATE Bran-- -- *
SODIUM Silk Stigma Style-- 130.0 *
Activities (1)
Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
SODIUM Seed-- 757.0 0.49 *
Activities (1)
Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
SPERMIDINE Seed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (1)
Antioxidant
SPERMINE Seed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (1)
Antioxidant
SQUALENE Seed-- -- *
Activities (10)
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemopreventive
Immunostimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Chemical Express, 7: 297, 1992.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sunscreen
SQUALENE Pollen Or Spore-- -- *
Activities (10)
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemopreventive
Immunostimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Chemical Express, 7: 297, 1992.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sunscreen
SQUALENE Seed Oil-- -- *
Activities (10)
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemopreventive
Immunostimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Chemical Express, 7: 297, 1992.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Sunscreen
STARCH Seed-- -- *
Activities (5)
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Poultice Martindale's 29th
STEARIC-ACID Seed110.0 457.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (8)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-4,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Propecic
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
STEARIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (8)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-4,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Propecic
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
STIGMASTEROL Seed-- 210.0 -0.26 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Activities (12)
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Antinociceptive
Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC33=10 uM
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ovulant
Sedative
STIGMASTEROL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Antinociceptive
Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC33=10 uM
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ovulant
Sedative
STIGMASTEROL Seed Oil-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Antinociceptive
Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC33=10 uM
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ovulant
Sedative
STIGMASTEROL Shoot-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Antinociceptive
Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC33=10 uM
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ovulant
Sedative
STIGMASTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Antinociceptive
Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC33=10 uM
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ovulant
Sedative
STRONTIUM Seed0.12 14.0 -0.38 *
SUBAPHYLLIN Plant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (3)
Antiviral Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
SUCCINIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
Activities (7)
Additive FEMA 200-2,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Antifeedant
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
SUCROSE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (14)
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antihiccup 1 tspMartindale's 29th
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant Merck 11th Edition
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Sweetener 1 x sucroseMerck 11th Edition
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vulnerary Martindale's 29th
SUCROSE Fruit9000.0 19000.0 -0.61 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (14)
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antihiccup 1 tspMartindale's 29th
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant Merck 11th Edition
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Sweetener 1 x sucroseMerck 11th Edition
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vulnerary Martindale's 29th
SULFUR Fruit6.0 1140.0 -0.19 *
Activities (14)
Acarifuge
Antiacne Martindale's 29th
Antiarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidandruff Martindale's 29th
Antigrey Martindale's 29th
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiseborrheic Martindale's 29th
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Comedogenic Martindale's 29th
Keratolytic Martindale's 29th
Laxative Martindale's 29th
Parasiticide Martindale's 29th
Pesticide
Scabicide Martindale's 29th
SYRINGALDEHYDE Cob-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antiedemic
Antiinflammatory ED=20 ug/ear
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
SYRINGALDEHYDE Seed-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antiedemic
Antiinflammatory ED=20 ug/ear
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
SYRINGIC-ACID Tissue Culture-- -- *
Activities (6)
Allelopathic
Antioxidant IC39=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC10-70=100-200 ug/ml
Antiradicular EC50=5.5-8 ug/ml
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
TARTARIC-ACID Silk Stigma Style-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Activities (6)
Acidifier Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Additive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Antioxidant Synergist Martindale's 29th
FLavor FEMA 500-10,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Sequestrant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
TEASTERONE Seed-- -- *
TEASTERONE Pollen Or Spore-- 0.041 *
THIAMIN Silk Stigma Style-- 2.1 -1.0 *
Activities (31)
Analgesic 1-4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiLyme 50 mg
Antialcoholic 50-100 mg/day
Antialzheimeran 100-3,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antianorectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibackache 1-4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiberiberi
Anticanker
Anticardiospasmic
Anticataract
Anticolitic
Antidecubitic
Antideliriant
Antidementia
Antidyspeptic
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antifatigue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antigastritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihangover 50 mg
Antiheartburn
Antiherpetic
Antimigraine
Antimyocarditic
Antineuralgic 1-4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antineurasthenic
Antineuritic
Antineuropathic 50 mgWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipoliomyelitic
Insectifuge 75-150 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Neuroprotective
Pesticide
THIAMIN Fruit2.0 8.0 0.34 *
Activities (31)
Analgesic 1-4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiLyme 50 mg
Antialcoholic 50-100 mg/day
Antialzheimeran 100-3,000 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antianorectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibackache 1-4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiberiberi
Anticanker
Anticardiospasmic
Anticataract
Anticolitic
Antidecubitic
Antideliriant
Antidementia
Antidyspeptic
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antifatigue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antigastritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihangover 50 mg
Antiheartburn
Antiherpetic
Antimigraine
Antimyocarditic
Antineuralgic 1-4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antineurasthenic
Antineuritic
Antineuropathic 50 mgWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipoliomyelitic
Insectifuge 75-150 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Neuroprotective
Pesticide
THREONINE Seed1290.0 5366.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (4)
Antioxidant?
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 1,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
THYMOL Seed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (71)
Acaricide
Allergenic
Analgesic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anesthetic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antiaggregant IC50=0.75Tramil, 42: 511.
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=4 uM
Antibacterial MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anticariogenic MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory (=indomethacin)
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antimelanomic IC50=120 uM/l
Antineuritic
Antioxidant 100 ppmMartindale's 28th
Antioxidant (LDL) IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiplaque MIC=39-625 ug/mlOsawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Antiradicular EC=60Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antisalmonella
Antiseptic 20 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitrichinosic 5%Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antitussive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Candidicide 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Culicide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor (=indomethacin)
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Dermatitigenic
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Expectorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-100Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Merck 11th Edition
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Gram(+)icide MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Insecticide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insecticide 0.22 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Larvicide 10 ppmBerenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
Larvicide 58 ppm
Larvicide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Molluscicide
Myorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Nematicide MLC=0.1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Tracheorelaxant
Trichomonicide LD100=25 ug/ml
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Varroacide
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
THYMOL Silk Stigma Style-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Activities (71)
Acaricide
Allergenic
Analgesic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anesthetic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antiaggregant IC50=0.75Tramil, 42: 511.
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=4 uM
Antibacterial MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anticariogenic MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory (=indomethacin)
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antimelanomic IC50=120 uM/l
Antineuritic
Antioxidant 100 ppmMartindale's 28th
Antioxidant (LDL) IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiplaque MIC=39-625 ug/mlOsawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Antiradicular EC=60Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antisalmonella
Antiseptic 20 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitrichinosic 5%Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antitussive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Candidicide 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Culicide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor (=indomethacin)
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Dermatitigenic
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Expectorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-100Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Merck 11th Edition
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Gram(+)icide MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Insecticide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insecticide 0.22 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Larvicide 10 ppmBerenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
Larvicide 58 ppm
Larvicide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Molluscicide
Myorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Nematicide MLC=0.1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Tracheorelaxant
Trichomonicide LD100=25 ug/ml
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Varroacide
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
THYMOL Seed-- -- *
Activities (71)
Acaricide
Allergenic
Analgesic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anesthetic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antiaggregant IC50=0.75Tramil, 42: 511.
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=4 uM
Antibacterial MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Anticariogenic MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Antiinflammatory (=indomethacin)
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antimelanomic IC50=120 uM/l
Antineuritic
Antioxidant 100 ppmMartindale's 28th
Antioxidant (LDL) IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiplaque MIC=39-625 ug/mlOsawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Antiradicular EC=60Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antisalmonella
Antiseptic 20 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antispasmodic
Antistaphylococcic
Antistreptococcic MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitrichinosic 5%Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Antitussive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Candidicide 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Culicide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor (=indomethacin)
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Dermatitigenic
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Expectorant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-100Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Merck 11th Edition
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Gram(+)icide MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Insecticide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insecticide 0.22 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Larvicide 10 ppmBerenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
Larvicide 58 ppm
Larvicide LC50=36-49 mg/l
Molluscicide
Myorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Nematicide MLC=0.1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Tracheorelaxant
Trichomonicide LD100=25 ug/ml
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Varroacide
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
TIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antiacne
Antibacterial
Pesticide
Taenicide Martindale's 28th
TIN Seed1.0 1.8 -0.4 *
Activities (4)
Antiacne
Antibacterial
Pesticide
Taenicide Martindale's 28th
TITANIUM Seed0.06 63.0 1.61 *
TOCOPHEROLS Seed900.0 1000.0 0.07 *
TRANS-24-METHYL-23-DEHYDRO-LOPHENOL Seed Oil-- -- *
TRANS-24-METHYL-23-DEHYDRO-LOPHENOL Seed-- -- *
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (2)
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Pesticide
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE Root-- -- *
Activities (2)
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Pesticide
TRANS-FERULIC-ACID Plant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Activities (2)
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
TRANS-FERULIC-ACID Seed-- 1800.0 1.39 *
Activities (2)
Antioxidant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
TRANS-ISO-MENTH-5-EN-2-OL Plant-- -- *
TRANS-SINAPIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
TRICARBALLYL-ACID Plant-- -- *
TRICIN-GLYCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
TRIDECAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
TRIGONELLINE Seed-- 4.0 -0.47 *
Activities (15)
Anticancer (Cervix) Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Anticancer (Liver) Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antihyperglycemic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antimigraine
Antiseptic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Liver)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypoglycemic 500-3,000 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic 50 mg/kg orl ratNewall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Mutagenic
Osmoregulator
Pesticide
Propecic
TRYPTAMINE Plant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (4)
Antiamebic Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Hypertensive Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Pesticide
Vasopressor
TRYPTOPHAN Cotyledon-- -- *
Activities (29)
Analgesic 750 mg/4x/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antianxiety 500-1,000 mg/mealWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidementia 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidepressant 1-3 g/3x/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antidyskinetic 2-8 g/orl/wmn/dayMartindale's 29th
Antihypertensive J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
Antiinsomniac 1-3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimanic 12 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimenopausal 6 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimigraine 500 mg/man/4x/dayMartindale's 29th
Antioxidant 125 ug/ml
Antiparkinsonian 2 g 3 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiphenylketonuric Martindale's 29th
Antiprostaglandin 250 pg/ml
Antipsychotic 12 g/man/dayMartindale's 29th
Antirheumatic Martindale's 29th
Antiscoliotic
Carcinogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Hypotensive 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prolactinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Sedative 3-10 g/man/day
Serotoninergic 6-12 g/day/orl/manMartindale's 28th
Tumor-Promoter J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
TRYPTOPHAN Seed230.0 957.0 -0.81 *
Activities (29)
Analgesic 750 mg/4x/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antianxiety 500-1,000 mg/mealWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidementia 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidepressant 1-3 g/3x/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antidyskinetic 2-8 g/orl/wmn/dayMartindale's 29th
Antihypertensive J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
Antiinsomniac 1-3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimanic 12 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimenopausal 6 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimigraine 500 mg/man/4x/dayMartindale's 29th
Antioxidant 125 ug/ml
Antiparkinsonian 2 g 3 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiphenylketonuric Martindale's 29th
Antiprostaglandin 250 pg/ml
Antipsychotic 12 g/man/dayMartindale's 29th
Antirheumatic Martindale's 29th
Antiscoliotic
Carcinogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Hypotensive 3 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prolactinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Sedative 3-10 g/man/day
Serotoninergic 6-12 g/day/orl/manMartindale's 28th
Tumor-Promoter J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
TYPHASTEROL Pollen Or Spore-- 0.066 *
TYROSINE Seed1230.0 5117.0 -0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (8)
Antidepressant?
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antiparkinsonian 100 mg/kg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiphenylketonuric Martindale's 29th
Antiulcer 256 mg scuBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antiulcer 400 mg/kg ipr ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
UNDEC-TRANS-2-EN-1-AL Silk Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
UNDECAN-1-AL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
UNDECAN-2-OL Essential Oil-- 45000.0 *
UNDECAN-2-OL Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
UNDECAN-2-OL Seed Essent. Oil-- 45000.0 *
UNDECAN-2-OL Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
UNDECAN-2-ONE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
UREASE Plant-- -- *
URIDINE Seed-- -- *
URONIC-ACID Plant-- -- *
VALINE Seed1850.0 7696.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Activities (3)
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Essential
FLavor FEMA 1,000-2,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
VANADIUM Seed0.05 1.35 0.69 *
Activities (16)
ATPase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiatherosclerotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic ?25-100 ug/man/day?Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiinfertility Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiinsulinogenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antimanic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antisyndrome-X ?25-100 ug/man/day?Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Cancer-Preventive?
Cardioprotective? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Hypocholesterolemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Hypoglycemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypotensive Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypotriglyceridemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Nephrotoxic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Pancreatoxic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Toxic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
VANILLIC-ACID Sprout Seedling-- -- *
Activities (24)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM/l
Allelopathic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial 1.5-15 mg/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
Anticancer
Antifatigue
Antiinflammatory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antioxidant IC21=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC15-65=100-200 ug/ml
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antiseptic
Antisickling Planta Medica, 56(6): 681, 1990.
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Ascaricide
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Choleretic
Fungicide
Immunosuppressant
Laxative =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Pesticide
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
VANILLIC-ACID Tissue Culture-- -- *
Activities (24)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM/l
Allelopathic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial 1.5-15 mg/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
Anticancer
Antifatigue
Antiinflammatory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antioxidant IC21=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC15-65=100-200 ug/ml
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antiseptic
Antisickling Planta Medica, 56(6): 681, 1990.
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Ascaricide
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Choleretic
Fungicide
Immunosuppressant
Laxative =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Pesticide
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
VANILLIN Cob-- -- *
Activities (28)
Allelochemic IC50=4.26 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic
Antianemic
Anticancer
Antidrepanocytic
Antiescherichic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilactobacillic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilisteria
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant #NAME?
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antisickling
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiyeast 8-30 mM
Bacteristat 10-40 mmol/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide 8-20 mM
Choleretic Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
FLavor FEMA 50-20,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Immunosuppressant
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Irritant
Perfumery
Pesticide
VANILLIN Seed4.0 31.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Activities (28)
Allelochemic IC50=4.26 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic
Antianemic
Anticancer
Antidrepanocytic
Antiescherichic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilactobacillic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilisteria
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant #NAME?
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antisickling
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiyeast 8-30 mM
Bacteristat 10-40 mmol/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide 8-20 mM
Choleretic Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
FLavor FEMA 50-20,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Immunosuppressant
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Irritant
Perfumery
Pesticide
VANILLIN Shoot-- -- *
Activities (28)
Allelochemic IC50=4.26 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic
Antianemic
Anticancer
Antidrepanocytic
Antiescherichic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilactobacillic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilisteria
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant #NAME?
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antisickling
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiyeast 8-30 mM
Bacteristat 10-40 mmol/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide 8-20 mM
Choleretic Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
FLavor FEMA 50-20,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Immunosuppressant
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Irritant
Perfumery
Pesticide
VINYL-ETHYL-PHENETHYL-KETONE Leaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
VIOLAXANTHIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (2)
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
VIT-B-6 Seed1.0 3.0 -0.75 *
VIT-D-3 Leaf-- -- *
VIT-K Silk Stigma Style-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
VITEXIN Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
Activities (18)
ACE-Inhibitor 5 ug/ml
ACE-Inhibitor IC50=0.3 mM/l
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC15=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 5 ug/mlOkamot, Y., Yoshizawa, T. 1994. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Aldose Reductase Inhibitors Containing Passiflora quadraqularis Extracts or Vitexin. Patent, Japan Kokai Tokkyo Koho-06,293,657. 4pp.
Antiarrhythmic Jim Duke's personal files.
Antibradiquinic Fitoterapia No.61: 277, 1990.
Antidermatitic
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory Fitoterapia No.61: 263, 1990.
Antioxidant
Antiserotoninic
Antithyroid Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Aphidifuge
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Goitrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypotensive
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor IC50=1.6 mg/mlSchussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
WATER Silk Stigma Style-- 620000.0 1.0 *
WATER Seed100000.0 885000.0 2.52 *
XANTHOTOXIN Root-- -- *
Activities (43)
Antiaflatoxin IC50=2.5 uM
Antiaflatoxin 0.54 ppm
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antidermatitic Martindale's 29th
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory 20 mg/man/day
Antikeratotic Martindale's 29th
Antileucodermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antilymphomic 600 ug/kg +PUVA (extracorporeal)
Antimitotic 5-25 ug/ml
Antimutagenic Saqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Antimycotic Martindale's 29th
Antipityriasic Martindale's 29th
Antipruritic Martindale's 29th
Antipsoriac Martindale's 29th
Antiscleromyxoedemic Martindale's 29th
Antispasmodic
Antitumor-Promoter IC24=50 ug/ml
Antivitiligic 20 mg/man/day
Artemicide LC50=5.93 ug/mlSaqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Bufocide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=551 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive 5-25 ug/mlGawron, A. and Glowniak, K. 1987. Cytostatic Activity of Coumarins in vitro. Planta Medica 1987: 526.
Cytotoxic ED50=7-29 ug/mlSaqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Cytotoxic (Breast) ED50=7.21 ug/mlSaqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Cytotoxic (Colon) ED50=29.46 ug/mlSaqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Cytotoxic (Lung) ED50=28.99 ug/mlSaqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Emetic
Fungicide IC85=1,000 ppm
Fungicide IC100=2,000 ppm
Fungistat EC50=21.6 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective IC50=2.5 uM
Hepatoprotective 0.5 ppm
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hypertrichotic Martindale's 29th
Insecticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Lipolytic
Molluscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
XYLENE Husk Essent. Oil-- -- *
XYLOARABINOSE Plant-- -- *
XYLOSE Plant-- -- *
Activities (3)
Antidiabetic
Diagnostic Martindale's 28th
Dye Merck 11th Edition
YTTERBIUM Seed0.02 4.5 3.31 *
ZEA GLYCOPROTEIN U-CSE-100 Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
ZEA GLYCOPROTEIN U-CSE-300 Silk Stigma Style-- -- *
ZEA MAYS ALPHA-AMYLASE INHIBITOR Seed-- -- *
ZEA MAYS PROTEASE INHIBITOR Fruit-- -- *
ZEAMATIN Seed-- -- *
ZEANIN Seed-- -- *
ZEANOSIDE A Seed-- -- *
ZEANOSIDE-B Seed-- -- *
ZEANOSIDE-C Seed-- 1.2 *
ZEARALENONE Plant-- -- *
Activities (4)
Abortifacient
Anabolic
Antifertility
Estrogenic
ZEATIN Plant-- 0.014 *
Activities (2)
Mitotic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ZEATIN-RIBOSIDE Leaf-- -- *
ZEAXANTHIN Seed-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (5)
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hepatoprotective
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
ZEAXANTHIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (5)
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hepatoprotective
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
ZEIN Seed-- -- *
ZEINOXANTHIN Plant-- -- *
ZETA-CAROTENE Seed-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ZINC Seed4.0 20.0 -0.71 *
Activities (77)
ACE-Inhibitor
Analgesic
AntiBPH 25-60 mg/day
AntiCrohn's Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
AntiHIV
Antiacne 135 mg/day
Antiacrodermatitic 8-34 mg/day/orl/chdMartindale's 29th
Antialcoholic
Antialopecic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antialzheimeran 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiangiogenic
Antianorexic Martindale's 29th
Antiarthritic 50 mg/3x/day/orl/man
Anticanker 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 30 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticoeliac Martindale's 28th
Anticold 50 mgDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticolitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticoronary 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidementia
Antidiabetic 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidote (Cadmium) Let's Live, May 1989.
Antidysgeuzic
Antieczemic 150 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antiepileptic 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antifibrotic 30 mg
Antifuruncular 45 mg/3x/day/manMartindale's 28th
Antihangover 15 mg
Antiherpetic? 25-60 mg/day
Antiimpotence Martindale's 29th
Antiinfective 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinfertility 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antilepric Martindale's 29th
Antileukonychic
Antilymphomic
Antimaculitic
Antimetastatic
Antineuropathic
Antinyctalopic
Antiobesity 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiosteoporotic
Antiperiodontitic
Antiplaque Martindale's 29th
Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiprostatitic 50 mg/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antirheumatic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiseptic 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antispare-Tire 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antistomatitic 50 mg/man/3x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antisyndrome-X 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitinnitic 60-120 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antitriglyceride 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiulcer 50 mg/3x/day/manMartindale's 28th
Antiulcer 88 mg/rat/day/15 days
Antiviral? Martindale's 29th
Astringent Martindale's 28th
Collagenic
Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Deodorant Martindale's 29th
Detoxicant (Alcohol)
Ergogenic
Hypotensive 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Immunosuppressant 300 mg/day/6 wks/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Insulinogenic 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Leptingenic 30-60 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Spermigenic 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Testosteronigenic 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
Vulnerary Martindale's 28th
ZIRCONIUM Seed0.2 1.8 -0.6 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.