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ActivityReference
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
ESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
OXALIC-ACID
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
AMENTOFLAVONE IC60-90=333 ug/ml
Acetylcholinergic
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Chemicals (6)
AESCULETIN IC50=0.74 ug/ml cow
AMENTOFLAVONE IC25=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
SALICYLIC-ACID 724.6 uM
SCOPOLETIN IC50=6.2 ug/ml cow
UMBELLIFERONE IC50=4.8 ug/ml cow
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (4)
ARBUTIN IC51=1.1 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN IC89=2 mM
UMBELLIFERONE IC94=2 mM
Allergenic
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (9)
AESCULETIN
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiacne
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiadrenergic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN IC50=65 uM
Antiaggregant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SALICIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiaphthic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID 20,000 ppm
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (5)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
SCOPOLETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiasthmatic?
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antibacterial
Chemicals (14)
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
AESCULETIN
ARBUTIN MIC=4,000-8,000 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
TANNIN
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibradykinic
Chemicals (1)
AMENTOFLAVONE
Antibronchoconstrictor
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Anticalculic
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticapillary-Fragility Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinergic
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Anticoagulant
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
D-CATECHIN
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antidermatotic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antidysenteric HerbalGram No. 24, page 37.
Chemicals (3)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
TANNIN
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
AMENTOFLAVONE >3/4 indomethacin
ARBUTIN 50 mg/kg
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
GLUCOSE
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SALICIN
SCOPOLETIN
Antifertility
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibromyalgic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID 300 mg 3x/day
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
Antihepatotoxic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (6)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GLUCOSE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihiccup Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE 1 tsp
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (5)
AMENTOFLAVONE IC97=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihysteric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
VALERIC-ACID
Antiichthyosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (15)
AESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
AMENTOFLAVONE >3/4 indomethacin
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN ED 1-10 ug/ear
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiinsomniac
Chemicals (1)
VALERIC-ACID 1.2-2.4
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antileukemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Chemicals (4)
AMENTOFLAVONE IC50=10 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antileukotrienogenic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (2)
ARBUTIN IC50=40 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimitotic Gawron, A. and Glowniak, K. 1987. Cytostatic Activity of Coumarins in vitro. Planta Medica 1987: 526.
Chemicals (1)
UMBELLIFERONE 5-25 ug/ml
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (9)
AESCULETIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
SCOPOLETIN
TANNIN
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (2)
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
AMENTOFLAVONE
BETA-AMYRIN
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antioncychomycotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Antioxidant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (12)
AMENTOFLAVONE IC10.6=62.5 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID
MYRISTIC-ACID IC71=60
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
SUCROSE
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antiperiodic
Chemicals (2)
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
AMENTOFLAVONE IC50=38 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipodagric
Chemicals (2)
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antipsoriac
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (5)
AESCULETIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
ESCULETIN
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiradicular Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (3)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiseptic J. Nat. Prod. 46(5).
Chemicals (14)
AESCULETIN
ARBUTIN 60-200 mg/man
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
FORMIC-ACID
ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
OXALIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (3)
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
VALERIC-ACID
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN MIC=4,000-8,000 ppm
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN 2.9 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Antitympanitic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiulcer
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
AMENTOFLAVONE
BETA-AMYRIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Chemicals (6)
AMENTOFLAVONE IC50=10 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
SCOPOLETIN
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ARBUTIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Bacteristat
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
AMENTOFLAVONE 5-10 x papaverine
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (15)
AESCULETIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
D-CATECHIN
ESCULETIN
ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
MYRISTIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
TANNIN
UMBELLIFERONE 5-25 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (5)
ARBUTIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAPRYLIC-ACID 300 mg/man/12 x/day
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID
Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (3)
D-CATECHIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (7)
AESCULETIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (3)
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Paralytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
SCOPOLETIN
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Comedolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Cosmetic
Chemicals (3)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
MYRISTIC-ACID
Counterirritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
COX-2-Inhibitor Newmark, T. M. and Schulick, P. 2000. Herbal Cox-2 Inhibition - Nature's Challenge to Arthritis, Cancer & Alzheimer's Disease. Hohm Press, Prescott AZ.
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
SALICYLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (5)
AESCULETIN
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
ESCULETIN
SCOPOLETIN
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Dermatitigenic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
OLEIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ARBUTIN 60-200 mg/man
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Expectorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Fatal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (6)
CITRIC-ACID FEMA 370-4,400
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
ISOVALERIC-ACID FEMA 1-16
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
VALERIC-ACID FEMA 1-8
Fungicide
Chemicals (9)
ACETIC-ACID
AESCULETIN
AMENTOFLAVONE
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
SALICYLIC-ACID MIC 1,000 ug/ml
SCOPOLETIN 2 mM
UMBELLIFERONE
Fungistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hemopoietic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Hemostat
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (11)
AESCULETIN 6 mg/kg mus
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN 6 mg/kg mus
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Herbicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (3)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Hypertensive Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VALERIC-ACID
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (6)
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
FORMIC-ACID
ISOVALERIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
OXALIC-ACID
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Keratolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
AESCULETIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
ESCULETIN
TANNIN
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Litholytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
TANNIN
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
SCOPOLETIN
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Mycoplasmistat Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
SCOPOLETIN
VALERIC-ACID
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (5)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ISOVALERIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
UMBELLIFERONE
VALERIC-ACID
Pesticide
Chemicals (19)
ACETIC-ACID
AESCULETIN
AMENTOFLAVONE
ARBUTIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
FORMIC-ACID
ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
OXALIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
SALICIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
TANNIN
UMBELLIFERONE
URSOLIC-ACID
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
AMENTOFLAVONE
Photoactive
Chemicals (1)
UMBELLIFERONE
Phytoalexin
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Propecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Hung, H.C., Lai, M.W., Wang, H.R., Chung, Y.L., Hsieh, L.M., Chen, C.C. 1993. Antiproliferative Effect of Esculetin on Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells: Possible Roles of Signal Transduction Pathways. Eur J Pharmacol, 237(1): 39-44.
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN 100 uM rbt
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Sedative
Chemicals (4)
ISOVALERIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SALICIN
VALERIC-ACID
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Stomachic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SALICIN
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN IC98=20 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN IC98=20 mg/l
UMBELLIFERONE
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SUCROSE 1 x sucrose
Teratogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chemicals (1)
SALICIN
Thermogenic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID 130 ppm
Tineacide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Tonic
Chemicals (1)
SALICIN
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ISOVALERIC-ACID
VALERIC-ACID
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN IC50=40 uM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
SALICYLIC-ACID
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Urinary-Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Uterorelaxant ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (1)
SALICIN
Uterosedative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
UV-Screen Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
D-CATECHIN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN IC52=10 uM
ESCULETIN IC52=10 uM
TANNIN
UMBELLIFERONE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.