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ActivityReference
Antioxidant
Chemicals (7)
AUCUBIN
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CITRAL
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (6)
AUCUBIN IC50=12-72 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
HASTATOSIDE
LUPEOL 1/3 indomethacin
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-CAROTENE 22 ppm
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
MUCILAGE
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Pesticide
Chemicals (6)
AUCUBIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
LUPEOL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (6)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CITRAL
LUPEOL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiviral
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CITRAL
LUPEOL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Anticancer
Chemicals (5)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibacterial
Chemicals (5)
AUCUBIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
AUCUBIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Analgesic
Chemicals (4)
ADENOSINE
CAFFEIC-ACID
HASTATOSIDE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antiulcer Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE 12 mg 3x/day/man/orl
CITRAL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
CITRAL
LUPEOL 50-500 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Antiedemic
Chemicals (4)
AUCUBIN 1/2 indomethacin
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUPEOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (3)
ADENOSINE
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
Diuretic
Chemicals (3)
AUCUBIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE IC82=50 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
Antispasmodic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 73.
Chemicals (3)
ADENOSINE
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
CITRAL
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
AntiHIV
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Hypotensive
Chemicals (3)
ADENOSINE
LUPEOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Allergenic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
AUCUBIN IC50=25-56 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
CITRAL
TANNIN
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (3)
AUCUBIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUPEOL IC50=10.4 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC30=60 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC45=60 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antinephritic
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antimalarial Khalid, S.A., Farouk, A., Geary**, T.G., and Jensen, J.B. 1985. Potential Antimalarial Candidates From African Plants: An In Vitro Approach Using Plasmodium falciparum*. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 15: 201-209, 1986.
Chemicals (2)
LUPEOL IC50=46.8 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cathartic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (2)
AUCUBIN ED50=390 mg/kg
VERBENALIN ED50=110 mg/kg
Antiseptic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
Trypanocide
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Candidicide
Chemicals (2)
AUCUBIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUPEOL
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
CAFFEIC-ACID
AntiEBV
Chemicals (2)
LUPEOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Fungicide
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC26=45 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Laxative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
AUCUBIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CITRAL
Antiarrhythmic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
TANNIN
Hypocholesterolemic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
MUCILAGE
Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
TANNIN
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
LUPEOL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (2)
ADENOSINE
TANNIN
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Lactagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
AUCUBIN
VERBENIN
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE 180 mg/man/day/orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiophidic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Prooxidant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE 20 ug/g
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiflu
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUPEOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
CITRAL
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiinsomniac
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Pyrogenic Conradson, T. B. G., Dixon, C. M. S., Clarke, B., Barnes, P. J. 1987. Cardiovascular Effects of Infused Adenosine in Man: Potentiation by Dipyridamole. Acta Physiol Scand, 129(3): 387-391.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 0.09 mg/kg ivn hmn
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Phagocytotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Coagulant
Chemicals (1)
VERBENALIN
Antistress Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Uterotonic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (1)
VERBENALIN
Antiendotoxic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 500 mg/kg ipr mus
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Paralytic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
AUCUBIN
Antiacne Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antidote (Amanitin) Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 276.
Chemicals (1)
AUCUBIN 200 mg/kg ipr mus
Glucogonogenic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC71=50 ug/ml
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
Anticoronary
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 50 mg/man/2 days
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Lipolytic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
AntiPMS
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Respirastimulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antitumor (CNS)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Interferon-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipapillomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
AUCUBIN
Antitachycardic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE 50-250 ug/kg/ivn
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Parasympathomimetic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HASTATOSIDE
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antilupus Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 150 mg/man/day/2 mos
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antileukoplakic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
Antiprolactin
Chemicals (1)
AUCUBIN
Secretomotor
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antihyperkeratotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiphotophobic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
Purgative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
VERBENALIN
Demulcent
Chemicals (1)
MUCILAGE
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antioxalate
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC78=50 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Uricosuric Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
AUCUBIN
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE IC50=90 nM
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antidiuretic LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Neurostimulant
Chemicals (1)
VERBENIN
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
VERBENALIN
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYOSE
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Insulinic
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antiozenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Parasympathicomimetic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (1)
VERBENALIN
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FPTase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL IC50=65 ug/ml
Antiurethrotic
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiporphyric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
RNA-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 275.
Chemicals (1)
AUCUBIN
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Antihyperglycemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL 30-50 ug/ml
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
VERBENALIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Hemostat
Chemicals (1)
VERBENIN
Arteriodilator
Chemicals (1)
ADENOSINE
Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.