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ActivityReference
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Acetylcholinergic
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Addictive
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
Allergenic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
NICOTINE 2 mg/kg ipr mus
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorectic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
ANS-Paralytic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
ANS-Stimulant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antiacne
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
POLYPHENOLS
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antibacterial
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
GLUCOSE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
NICOTINE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
NICOTINE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifumitory Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (3)
GLUCOSE
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antihistaminic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Antileukemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antioxidant
Chemicals (5)
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
POLYPHENOLS IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
DESGLUCOUZARIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
UZARIGENIN
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Antiviral
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CONDURANGIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cardiovascular Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE 0.25 mg/kg ivn dog
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chelator
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
Cholinergic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
UZARIGENIN
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Dopaminigenic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Ectoparasiticide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Epinephrininergic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMIC-ACID FEMA 4-40
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
Fungicide
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
NICOTINE IC57=5 mM
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hyperglycemic
Chemicals (2)
GLUCOSE
NICOTINE
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Insecticide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE IC100=1,000 ppm
Insectifuge
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Irritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Laxative
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Nematistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Pesticide
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
NICOTINE
PALMITIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Propecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Serotoninergic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID ID50=700 uM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.