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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Allergenic
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antiadenocarcinoma
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant Janssens, J., Laekeman, G.M., Pieters, L.A.C., Totte, J., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. 1990. Nutmeg Oil: Identification and Quantitation of its Most Active Constituents as Inhibitors of Platelet Aggregation. J.of Ethnopharmacology, 29: 179-188, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
ELEMICIN IC50=360 uM
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticarcinomic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID 4 ppm
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antidepressant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN ihl
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antiedemic
Chemicals (2)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antieicosanoid
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
ELEMICIN
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antifertility
Chemicals (2)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID 3-4 mg/kg orl
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antileukemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
Antioxidant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antiserotonic Internat. J. Oriental Med. 15(4): 199, 1990+
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (3)
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
Antistress Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN ihl
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Antitonsilitic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (3)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Antiviral
Chemicals (4)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GERANIOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID 0.1-10 mg/kg/3 mos mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Contraceptive
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Expectorant
Chemicals (3)
BORNYL-ACETATE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
Fungicide
Chemicals (3)
ELEMICIN MIC=8 ug
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
METHYL-EUGENOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN
Hemangionagenic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID 5 mg/kg mus
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN ihl
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Insecticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ELEMICIN 100 ppm
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
BORNYL-ACETATE
ELEMICIN
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Larvicide Berenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
Chemicals (2)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID 1 ppm
ELEMICIN 100 ppm
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
Narcotic
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Papillomagenic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
GERANIOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
ELEMICIN
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID 0.9 mg/man/day
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Schistosomicide Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ELEMICIN
Sedative
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Vulnerary Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.