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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=0.155 mM/l
QUERCITRIN IC50=0.67 mM/
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
ASCORBIC-ACID FEMA 6,000
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL-3-RHAMNOSIDE IC43=1uM
QUERCITRIN IC50=2 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
Allergenic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
OLEIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 5-10 g/day
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
(-)-BORNEOL IC38=164 ug/ml
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiaggregant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC68=200 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 400 mg/day
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL
Antiallergic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antialopecic
Chemicals (2)
INOSITOL
OLEIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000-6,000 mg/day
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEIC-ACID
Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL ED60=300 orl mus
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 0.2-1 g/day
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
TERPINEOL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antibacterial Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (11)
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE
MYRICETIN-3-RHAMNOSIDE
QUERCITRIN
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEOL
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
TANNIN
TERPINEOL
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticataract
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 350 mg/day
QUERCITRIN
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg/day
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Anticoagulant
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Anticold
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/man/day
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN 1/2 aspirin
AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 50-100 mg/day/orl/man
AntiCTS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antidecubitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/man/2x/day
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidepressant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
PINITOL
Antidiabetic? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 3.5-5 g/day
Antiedemic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
QUERCITRIN
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (7)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
LIMONENE
PINITOL
QUERCITRIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigastritic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
QUERCITRIN
Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2-6 g/man/day
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
QUERCITRIN
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day orl man
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN EC50=4 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/day
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
QUERCITRIN
Antilepric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/man/day
Antileukemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilithic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
AntiLyme
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-2,000 mg
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN ID50=50-100 nM
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-EUDESMOL ID50=0.09 uM/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN ID50=2-5 nM
TANNIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antineuramidase
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antineuropathic? Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL 2 g/day
Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antiobesity
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 3x/day
LIMONENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/day
Antiotitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 100 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
QUERCITRIN IC50=120 uM
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiperoxidant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-EUDESMOL >0.18 uM/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 10 mg/man/day
Antiseptic
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID MIC=3.3-217 mg/ml
CAMPHOR
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
SABINENE
TERPINEOL
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
QUERCITRIN
TERPINEOL
VALERIANIC-ACID
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN 0.41%
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-4 g/day
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antitumor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-THUJAPLICIN
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
TANNIN
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitumor-Promoter?
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antitussive
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-EUDESMOL
QUERCITRIN
SABINENE
TANNIN
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antiviral
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
TANNIN
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-10 mM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day/orl
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN 10 uM (weak activity)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/day/man
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-EUDESMOL 40 uM mus
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (9)
(+)-CATECHIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
MUCILAGE
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
TANNIN
Candidicide
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
QUERCITRIN
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cholagogue
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL
Choleretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
QUERCITRIN
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (2)
INOSITOL 2,000 mg/man/day
LIMONENE
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
CNS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/day
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RHODOXANTHIN
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
FORMIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=183-279 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=546-5,910 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN 200 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
TANNIN
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Demulcent
Chemicals (1)
MUCILAGE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
OLEIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
Diuretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 700 mg/man/orl
MYRICETIN-3-RHAMNOSIDE
QUERCITRIN
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (7)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
PINITOL FEA
TERPINEOL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
ISOVALERIC-ACID FEMA 1-16
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
Fungicide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
QUERCITRIN
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
TANNIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 300-1,000 mg/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
MUCILAGE
OLEIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
QUERCITRIN
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/man/day
QUERCITRIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
(-)-BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (8)
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
PINITOL
TERPINEOL
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
FORMIC-ACID
ISOVALERIC-ACID
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
TANNIN
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/woman/day
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
Neurogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN 1-10 uM
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN IC11=250 uM
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Paralytic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
BORNEOL
ISOVALERIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
SABINENE
TERPINEOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (16)
ACETIC-ACID
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MYRICETIN-3-RHAMNOSIDE
PINITOL
QUERCITRIN
TANNIN
TERPINEOL
(-)-BORNEOL
Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Propecic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Protisticide
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
MYRICETIN-3-RHAMNOSIDE
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Sedative
Chemicals (5)
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
ISOVALERIC-ACID
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
MYRICETIN-3-RHAMNOSIDE
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
ISOVALERIC-ACID
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Ubiquiot Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
INOSITOL
Ulcerogenic HerbalGram No. 20, page 9.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 4 g/man/day
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.