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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (24)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CADINENE
CAMPHOR
CAPRIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HEDERAGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOFURAN
MYRCENE
PALMITIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
TANNIN
TERPINEOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Insectifuge
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
STACHYDRINE
TERPINEOL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (16)
8-ACETYLHARPAGIDE IC50=19.5 uM
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN #NAME?
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
HARPAGIDE
HEDERAGENIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 mg/kg
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
TANNIN
TERPINEOL
URSOLIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CADINENE FEMA 400-4,000
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
OCIMENE
OLEIC-ACID
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
STEARIC-ACID
TERPINEOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
OLEIC-ACID
PULEGONE
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antioxidant
Chemicals (11)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE
KAEMPFEROL IC50=40 uM
LAURIC-ACID IC71=60
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
MYRCENE
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
SUCROSE
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antiviral
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (11)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
KAEMPFEROL IC50=5.46 uM
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CAPRIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PHELLANDRENE
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
TERPINEOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (10)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
BETA-EUDESMOL ID50=0.09 uM/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL ID50=10-40 nM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Analgesic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
HARPAGIDE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antifeedant
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CADINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
Antitumor
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-HUMULENE
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CAPRIC-ACID
HEDERAGENIN 7.5-25 ppm
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
ACACETIN
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
HEDERAGENIN
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
Antihistaminic Ortiz De Urbina, A.V., Martin, M.L., Montero, M.J., Carron, R., Sevilla, M.A., San Roman, L. 1989. Antihistaminic activity of pulegone on the guinea-pig ileum. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 295-296, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
KAEMPFEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
PULEGONE
URSOLIC-ACID
Choleretic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
MARRUBIIN
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
MARRUBIIN
TERPINEOL
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Antiulcer
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-EUDESMOL
KAEMPFEROL 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (6)
ACACETIN
CIRSILIOL 10 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 100 uM
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIMONENE
TERPINEOL
Candidicide
Chemicals (6)
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID
PULEGONE
URSOLIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (5)
ACACETIN IC12=1 uM/l
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
KAEMPFEROL IC12=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (5)
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
TANNIN
TERPINEOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Insecticide
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
OCIMENE
PULEGONE
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Apoptotic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 60 uM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
LUTEOLIN
MARRUBIIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CIRSILIOL
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
OLEIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
HEDERAGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.1 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
KAEMPFEROL
LAURIC-ACID IC20=100
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (4)
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM) =20
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-EUDESMOL 40 uM mus
HARPAGIDE
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Estrogenic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Propecic
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (4)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (3)
HEDERAGENIN
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiproliferant Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
LUTEOLIN
TERPINEOL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
TANNIN
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
PIPERITONE
TERPINEOL
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
PHELLANDRENE
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
HARPAGIDE
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarrhythmic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
MARRUBIIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypotensive
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (3)
LAURIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
PULEGONE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.99 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
Mutagenic
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
HARPAGIDE
LINOLEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=<15 uM
LUTEOLIN
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.73 uM
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
Antitumor-Promoter Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiflu
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Sweetener Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
FRUCTOSE 2 x glucose
GALACTOSE 0.32 x sucrose
SUCROSE 1 x sucrose
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (3)
FRUCTOSE
URSOLIC-ACID
XYLOSE
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
HARPAGIDE
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
TANNIN
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 20 uM
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LINOLEIC-ACID
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
BETA-EUDESMOL >0.18 uM/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 7 x quercetin
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 4 uM
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
RAFFINOSE
SUCROSE
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
BETA-AMYRIN
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL 30 uM
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=13.9 uM
LUTEOLIN
Carminative
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
COPAENE
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.1 ug/ml
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (2)
HEDERAGENIN MIC=50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
STEARIC-ACID
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
LUTEOLIN
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-EUDESMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
LAURIC-ACID IC40=100
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
Antihepatotoxic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
STACHYDRINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
Antinephritic
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
FRUCTOSE
P-CYMENE
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
TERPINEOL
Differentiator
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Teratologic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Emmenagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Hyperthermic HerbalGram No. 22 - Spring 1990, page 45.
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Anticapillary-Fragility
Chemicals (1)
HEDERAGENIN
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
Antinauseant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiserotonin
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 200 mg/kg ipr rat
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Rubefacient
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Oxytocic?
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Cholagogue
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Antitumor-Promoter?
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Neurogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Garcia, J., Morin,* C., Nyasse, B., Sondengam, B-L., Tchouankeu, J-C., and Tsamo, E. Complete Structural Assignments Of An Ergosterol Derivative From Entandrophragma utile. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 136-142, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=50-150 ug/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Systolic-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
CIRSILIOL
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Vulnerary Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Antialcoholic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anticataract Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE orl man
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL ID50=230 uM
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Sunscreen
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM)=20
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Anticholinesterase Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
CNS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Lactagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Diagnostic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Molluscicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
HEDERAGENIN 7.5-25 ppm
Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL ED60=300 orl mus
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Antihiccup Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE 1 tsp
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.