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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic
Chemicals (2)
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
HARPAGIDE
(-)-Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
HARPAGIDE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
Acetylcholinergic
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Allelochemic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Allergenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-AMYRIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
HARPAGIDE
URSOLIC-ACID
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiaggregant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antialcoholic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
POLYPHENOLS
Antiarrhythmic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
MARRUBIIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
HARPAGIDE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
ISOQUERCITRIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticapillary-Fragility Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 300 mg/2x/day/woman
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (3)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antidiabetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
FRUCTOSE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (6)
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
GLUCOSE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antielastase
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifeedant
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN 450 mg 2x/day x7days then 1x/day x2months
PARAFFIN
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GLUCOSE
POLYPHENOLS
STIGMASTEROL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (9)
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
HARPAGIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
STIGMASTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
FRUCTOSE
GLUCOSE
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antileukemic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetrorrhagic Fitoterapia No.55-1984.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinauseant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (5)
BETA-AMYRIN
CHOLINE
ISOQUERCITRIN
MARRUBIIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
TANNIN
Antioxidant
Chemicals (9)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
DIOSMIN
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
POLYPHENOLS IC50=1.44 ug/ml
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
DIOSMIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiproctalgic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PARAFFIN
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
DIOSMIN
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
POLYPHENOLS 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Antiseptic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (2)
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antisunburn
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcer
Chemicals (6)
BETA-AMYRIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
STIGMASTEROL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
HARPAGIDE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
POLYPHENOLS
STIGMASTEROL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Capillarigenic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
TANNIN
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Chelator
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Choleretic ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MARRUBIIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 200-400 mg/kg ip
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
DIOSMIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PARAFFIN
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
STIGMASTEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BORNYL-ACETATE
MARRUBIIN
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYOSE
Flatulent
Chemicals (1)
VERBASCOSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
Fungicide
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (8)
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
STIGMASTEROL
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (3)
CHOLINE
ISOQUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Laxative Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
FRUCTOSE
PARAFFIN 45 mL/day/orl/man/
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
DIOSMIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
MDR-Inhibitor Critchfield, J. W., Welsh, C. J., Phang, J. M., Yeh, G. C. 1994. Modulation of Adriamycin Accumulation and Efflux by Flavonoids in HCT-15 Colon Cells. Activation of P-Glycoprotein as a Putative Mechanism. Biochem Pharmacol, 48(7): 1437-1445.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 100 uM
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNYL-ACETATE
Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
P450-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Pesticide
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Prooxidant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Sedative
Chemicals (3)
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
STIGMASTEROL
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FRUCTOSE 2 x glucose
GALACTOSE 0.32 x sucrose
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Bernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Venoprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Venotonic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
POLYPHENOLS
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.