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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (3)
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
NEROLIDOL
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiallergic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
LIMONENE
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiinflammatory Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CYPERENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-CADINOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (2)
GAMMA-TERPINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CYPERENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiseptic Flav. & Frag. J. 9: 129.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CEDRENE
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Convulsant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Expectorant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
Fungicide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Insecticide Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
OCIMENE
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CEDRENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CEDRENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
NEROLIDOL
OCIMENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CADINOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
NEROLIDOL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.