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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
FORMIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
D-CARVONE
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
QUERCETAGETIN IC71=10 uM
QUERCETIN 100 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
SALICYLALDEHYDE IC50=0.51 mM
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
SYRINGIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
THYMOL
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
THYMOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
D-CARVONE IC50=1.8 mM
D-LIMONENE IC22=1.2 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
VIRIDIFLOROL IC50=25 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
Antiaggregant Tramil, 42: 511.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
TERPINEOL
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (3)
D-CARVONE
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL ED60=300 orl mus
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
THYMOL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
PIPERITONE
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
CITRAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETAGETIN
QUERCETIN
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THIOPHENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
THYMOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CITRAL
ELEMENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEOL
Anticancer (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Anticancer (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticataract
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
D-CARVONE
THYMOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
D-CARVONE
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
QUERCETIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
TERPINOLENE
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
SABINENE
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
ISORHAMNETIN
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETAGETIN
QUERCETIN
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihysteric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
VALERIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CITRAL
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antiinsomniac
Chemicals (1)
VALERIC-ACID 1.2-2.4
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
QUERCETIN IC50=64
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimalarial Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (4)
D-LIMONENE IC50=450 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
QUERCETIN
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-EUDESMOL ID50=0.09 uM/ml
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (12)
CAMPHENE
CITRAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISORHAMNETIN
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
QUERCETAGETIN
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
SYRINGIC-ACID IC39=30 ppm
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
SYRINGIC-ACID IC10-70=100-200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
QUERCETIN 10 nM
TERPINEOL
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiradicular Planta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
SYRINGIC-ACID EC50=5.5-8 ug/ml
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (5)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-EUDESMOL >0.18 uM/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
AROMADENDRENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
FORMIC-ACID
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THIOPHENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
PATULETIN
QUERCETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THYMOL
VALERIC-ACID
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
THYMOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 10 uM
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (3)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
D-LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antitumor-Promoter?
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antitussive
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-EUDESMOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
QUERCETIN
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antiviral
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
CITRAL
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (5)
CITRAL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
ELEMENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bacteristat
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
BETA-EUDESMOL 40 uM mus
CITRAL
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
AROMADENDRENE
BETA-MYRCENE
CARVONE
CITRAL
DECAN-1-AL
D-LIMONENE
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Candidicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
QUERCETIN
THIOPHENE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
THYMOL
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
D-LIMONENE
LIMONENE
Cholagogue
Chemicals (2)
PATULETIN
TERPINEOL
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CARVEOL
CARVONE
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Convulsant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Counterirritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
FORMIC-ACID
THYMOL
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN <40 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (2)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Dye Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETAGETIN
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHENE
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
TERPINEOL
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
D-LIMONENE FEMA 30-2,300
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 0.8-10
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
SALICYLALDEHYDE FEMA 0.5-20
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
VALERIC-ACID FEMA 1-8
Fungicide
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THIOPHENE
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
ISORHAMNETIN
QUERCETIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETAGETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hyperthermic HerbalGram No. 22 - Spring 1990, page 45.
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (3)
D-LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
VALERIC-ACID
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
CARVONE
D-CARVONE
D-LIMONENE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
OCIMENE
PYRETHRIN-I
PYRETHRIN-II
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
D-LIMONENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
FORMIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PHELLANDRENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
TAGETONE
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
(5E)-OCIMENONE
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
CARYOPHYLLENE
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
Litholytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ISORHAMNETIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
LINALYL-ACETATE
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
THYMOL
VALERIC-ACID
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
5-(3-BUTEN-1-YNYL)-2,2'-BITHIENYL
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THIOPHENE
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Nephrotoxic
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Neurogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
QUERCETIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
D-LIMONENE IC50=0.19 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (25)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
OCIMENE
OLEIC-ACID
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE
PIPERITONE
SABINENE
SALICYLALDEHYDE
STEARIC-ACID
TERPINEOL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
VALERIC-ACID
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (37)
1,8-CINEOLE
5-(3-BUTEN-1-YNYL)-2,2'-BITHIENYL
(5E)-OCIMENONE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
AROMADENDRENE
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
D-CARVONE
D-LIMONENE
FORMIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
PALMITIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
PYRETHRIN-I
PYRETHRIN-II
QUERCETAGETIN
QUERCETIN
SALICYLALDEHYDE
TAGETONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
TERPINOLENE
THIOPHENE
THYMOL
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Phototoxic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL
THIOPHENE
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Propecic
Chemicals (3)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL-ACETATE 1 mM rbt
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
ISORHAMNETIN
QUERCETIN 6 uM
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-EUDESMOL
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
VALERIC-ACID
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
PHELLANDRENE
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (2)
SALICYLALDEHYDE
THYMOL
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Teratologic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
VALERIC-ACID
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SYRINGIC-ACID
Ulcerogenic HerbalGram No. 20, page 9.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
ISORHAMNETIN
QUERCETIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ELEMENE
QUERCETIN
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
THYMOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.