Data Views Exclude Ubiquitous Chemicals

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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM)=20
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-TERPINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ASTRAGALIN ID50=180 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aedifuge
Chemicals (1)
PONTICAEPOXIDE
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Oliveira, T. T., Nagem, T. J., Miranda, L. C. G., Paula, V. F., Teixeira, M. A. 1997. Inhibitory Action on Aldose Reductase by Soybean Flavonoids. J Braz Chem Soc, 8(3): 211-213.
Chemicals (20)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
ASTRAGALIN IC30=1 uM
AXILLARIN IC80=0.1 uM
CHRYSOERIOL IC31=10 uM
CIRSILINEOL 10 uM
CIRSILIOL 10 uM
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 100 uM
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 100 uM
QUERCIMERITRIN IC20=1 uM
RHAMNETIN IC57=10 uM
RHAMNOCITRIN 10 ug/ml cow
SCOPARONE 10 ug/ml cow
SCOPOLETIN IC50=6.2 ug/ml cow
Allelochemic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
SCOPOLETIN IC89=2 mM
VERBENONE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARVONE
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
THYMOL
Analgesic
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide
Chemicals (2)
ASCARIDOLE
THYMOL
Androgenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OCTACOSANOL
Anesthetic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
SCOPOLETIN
THYMOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
SABINOL
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiadrenergic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.73 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
RHAMNETIN IC50=1.29 uM
SCOPOLETIN IC50=65 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
COUMARIN
ISOEUGENOL IC50=0.72 uM
KAEMPFEROL 30 uM
MENTHOL IC50=750
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 4 uM
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
QUERCETIN
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
SCOPOLETIN
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
QUERCETIN
THYMOL
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (5)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherogenic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
SCOPARONE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (31)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
APIGENIN
ARTEMISIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUPATORIN
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
SABINENE
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antibronchoconstrictor
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiburn Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
RHAMNETIN
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
EUPATORIN ED50=4.6
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticataract Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
QUERCETIN
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
THYMOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CHRYSOERIOL
LUTEOLIN
LUTEOLIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
QUERCETIN
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (3)
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antiedemic
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ARTEMETIN ED50=67
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
FRIEDELAN-3-BETA-OL IC18=190 uM/kg orl rat
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
SCOPOLETIN
Antielastase
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
SCOPOLETIN
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflatulent
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (5)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
QUERCIMERITRIN
THYMOL
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
MENTHOL
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
AntiHIV
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
SCOPARONE
Antiinflammatory Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (33)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN #NAME?
ARTEMETIN 30-150 mg/kg
AXILLARIN 1/2 indomethacin
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CIRSILINEOL IC~37=1,000 uM
COUMARIN
FRIEDELAN-3-BETA-OL 30 mg/kg
FRIEDELIN 30 mg/kg
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 mg/kg
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
MENTHOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN ED 1-10 ug/ear
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antiischemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
SCOPARONE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=64
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
ASTRAGALIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.1 ug/ml
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (3)
CIRSILIOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
QUERCETIN
Antileukotrienogenic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (15)
ARTEMETIN (Synergic w artemisinin) IC50=26 uM
ARTEMISININ ED50=90 mg/kg orl mus
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
CASTICIN (Synergic w artemisinin)
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
EUPATORIN IC50=65 uM
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
QUERCETIN
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (12)
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CHRYSOERIOL
COUMARIN
KAEMPFEROL ID50=10-40 nM
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
QUERCETIN
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
QUERCETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (20)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CHRYSOERIOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOEUGENOL IC79=30 ppm
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
OCTACOSANOL 1-15 mg day
Antipeptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (4)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN
Antiplaque
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (9)
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN
PENDULETIN
QUERCETIN
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN 10 nM
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CARVACROL
SCOPOLETIN
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
QUERCETIN
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN
Antipyretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (7)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
KAEMPFEROL 7 x quercetin
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
RHAMNETIN 7 x quercetin
SCOPARONE
THYMOL EC=60
Antiretinopathic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPARONE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (4)
AXILLARIN
CHRYSOERIOL
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
PENDULETIN
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiseptic Flav. & Frag. J. 9: 129.
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ARTEANNUIN-B MIC=100-150 ug/ml
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
SABINENE
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antiserotonin
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 200 mg/kg ipr rat
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARVACROL
CIRSILINEOL
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MYRCENE
PATULETIN
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL
KAEMPFEROL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (5)
CARVACROL
DELTA-CADINENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antituberculic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Antitumor
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-HUMULENE
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
ARTEMISININ
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHRYSOSPLENETIN
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETAGETIN-6,7,3',4'-TETRAMETHYLETHER
QUERCETIN 10 uM
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN 2.9 ug/ml
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (4)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Yasukawa, K., Takido, M., Takeuchi, M., Sato, Y., Nitta, K., and Nakagawa, S. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Flavonol Glycosides on 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-Induced Tumor Promotion. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(3): 774-776, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
Antitussive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
LUTEOLIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BETA-AMYRIN
KAEMPFEROL 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
QUERCETIN
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiviral Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (23)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
ARTEMISININ
AXILLARIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CHRYSOERIOL
CHRYSOSPLENETIN
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
DEOXYARTEMISININ
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
NERYL-ACETATE
OCTACOSANOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PENDULETIN
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
QUERCIMERITRIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 60 uM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
SCOPOLETIN
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
KAEMPFEROL IC12=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
ISOEUGENOL
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (4)
ARTEMISININ IC50=190 uM gpg
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Cancer-Preventive
Chemicals (23)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
AXILLARIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CHRYSOERIOL
CIRSILINEOL
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PHYTOL
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Candidicide
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ARTEANNUIN-B MIC=100 ug/ml
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
QUERCETIN
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Candidistat
Chemicals (4)
CARVONE
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Capillarigenic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Carcinogenic Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
Cardiac Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPARONE
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (7)
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
COUMARIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
PATULETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Choleretic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
KAEMPFEROL
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL ED50=228 ug/g mus
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
SCOPARONE 40-80 mg/kg ipr
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
SCOPOLETIN
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
MENTHOL
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Cosmetic Fitoterapia No.61: 254, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
THYMOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC37=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC>37=1,000 uM
KAEMPFEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
QUERCETIN <40 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CARVACROL #NAME?
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM) =20
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
ARTEMISININ IC50=30 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D ED50=14 ug/ml
EUPATORIN
ISOEUGENOL 25 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
QUERCETAGETIN-6,7,3',4'-TETRAMETHYLETHER
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
SCOPOLETIN
Decongestant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN
MENTHOL
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
FRIEDELIN
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
RHAMNETIN
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic
Chemicals (4)
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
EUPATORIN
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Emmenagogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SABINOL
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Epileptigenic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
STIGMASTEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ASTRAGALIN
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-30
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ARTEANNUIN-B MIC=100-150 ug/ml
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
SCOPOLETIN 2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
ISOEUGENOL 100 ug/ml
LIMONENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 211.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=5.46 uM
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN IC50=1.29 uM
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
ARTEMISININ IC50=33 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Garcia, J., Morin,* C., Nyasse, B., Sondengam, B-L., Tchouankeu, J-C., and Tsamo, E. Complete Structural Assignments Of An Ergosterol Derivative From Entandrophragma utile. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 136-142, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=50-150 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
LUTEOLIN
OCTACOSANOL
SCOPARONE
STIGMASTEROL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 165
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
SCOPOLETIN
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
OCTACOSANOL
Hypotensive
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
ASTRAGALIN
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SCOPARONE 5-20 mg/kg ivn
SCOPOLETIN
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (3)
ARTEMISININ
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (3)
ASTRAGALIN
COUMARIN
EUPATORIN
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
SCOPARONE 10-30 uM
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=<15 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
OCIMENE
PONTICAEPOXIDE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
VERBENONE
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCIMERITRIN
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN
LIMONENE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CUMINALDEHYDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN
Larvicide Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-AMYRIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (4)
CIRSILIOL
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
SCOPOLETIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
MDR-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ARTEMISININ IC50=2 uM
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
ISOEUGENOL
LINALOOL
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
APIGENIN
SCOPOLETIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
THYMOL
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Narcotic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ARTEMISININ
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=13.9 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Parasiticide
Chemicals (6)
ARTEMETIN IC50=26 uM
CASTICIN IC50=24 uM
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
EUPATORIN IC50=65 uM
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (24)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SELINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CUMINALDEHYDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
METHYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NERYL-ACETATE
OCIMENE
SABINENE
SABINOL
THYMOL
VERBENONE
YLANGENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (58)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN
ARTEMETIN
ARTEMISIC-ACID
ARTEMISININ
ASCARIDOLE
AXILLARIN
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CASTICIN
CHRYSOSPLENETIN
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
CIRSILINEOL
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE
DEOXYARTEMISININ
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
ISOEUGENOL
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
PENDULETIN
PONTICAEPOXIDE
QUERCETIN
QUERCIMERITRIN
RHAMNETIN
RHAMNOCITRIN
SABINOL
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
VERBENONE
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Phytoalexin
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (9)
ARTEMETIN IC50=26 uM
ARTEMISININ IC50=1.4 nM
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
CASTICIN IC50=24 uM
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
EUPATORIN IC50=65 uM
QUERCETIN
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
QUERCETIN
Protisticide
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ARTEMETIN IC50=26 uM
CASTICIN IC50=24 uM
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
KAEMPFEROL
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20 uM
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM
QUERCETIN 6 uM
RHAMNETIN
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Schizonticide
Chemicals (1)
ARTEMISININ MIC=0.1 uM
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVONE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
OCTACOSANOL 2.2 mg/kg orl gpg
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Sunscreen
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ARTEMISININ
Teratologic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.99 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Constantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SABINOL
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
SCOPARONE
Transdermal
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 23 uM
Trypsin-Enhancer Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-ACETATE
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
KAEMPFEROL ID50=230 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
CUMINALDEHYDE
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Uterosedative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
QUERCETIN
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
THYMOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
MENTHOL
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL ED50=228 ug/g mus
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.