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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (58)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN
ARTEMETIN
ARTEMISIC-ACID
ARTEMISININ
ASCARIDOLE
AXILLARIN
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CASTICIN
CHRYSOSPLENETIN
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
CIRSILINEOL
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE
DEOXYARTEMISININ
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
ISOEUGENOL
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
PENDULETIN
PONTICAEPOXIDE
QUERCETIN
QUERCIMERITRIN
RHAMNETIN
RHAMNOCITRIN
SABINOL
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
VERBENONE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (33)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN #NAME?
ARTEMETIN 30-150 mg/kg
AXILLARIN 1/2 indomethacin
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CIRSILINEOL IC~37=1,000 uM
COUMARIN
FRIEDELAN-3-BETA-OL 30 mg/kg
FRIEDELIN 30 mg/kg
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 mg/kg
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
MENTHOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN ED 1-10 ug/ear
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antibacterial
Chemicals (31)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
APIGENIN
ARTEMISIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUPATORIN
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
SABINENE
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antispasmodic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARVACROL
CIRSILINEOL
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MYRCENE
PATULETIN
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (24)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SELINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CUMINALDEHYDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
METHYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NERYL-ACETATE
OCIMENE
SABINENE
SABINOL
THYMOL
VERBENONE
YLANGENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (23)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
AXILLARIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CHRYSOERIOL
CIRSILINEOL
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PHYTOL
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Chemicals (23)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
ARTEMISININ
AXILLARIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CHRYSOERIOL
CHRYSOSPLENETIN
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
DEOXYARTEMISININ
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
NERYL-ACETATE
OCTACOSANOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PENDULETIN
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
QUERCIMERITRIN
STIGMASTEROL
Insectifuge
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
VERBENONE
Antiseptic
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ARTEANNUIN-B MIC=100-150 ug/ml
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
SABINENE
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antioxidant
Chemicals (20)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CHRYSOERIOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOEUGENOL IC79=30 ppm
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 100 ppm
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-30
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okuda, I., Muwa, B., Inagakat, K., Horie, T., Nakayama, M. 1982. Inhibition of Aldose Reductases from Rat and Bovine Lenses by Flavonoids. Biochem Pharmacol, 31(23): 3807-3822.
Chemicals (20)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
ASTRAGALIN IC30=1 uM
AXILLARIN IC80=0.1 uM
CHRYSOERIOL IC31=10 uM
CIRSILINEOL 10 uM
CIRSILIOL 10 uM
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 100 uM
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 100 uM
QUERCIMERITRIN IC20=1 uM
RHAMNETIN IC57=10 uM
RHAMNOCITRIN 10 ug/ml cow
SCOPARONE 10 ug/ml cow
SCOPOLETIN IC50=6.2 ug/ml cow
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-HUMULENE
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
ARTEMISININ
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHRYSOSPLENETIN
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETAGETIN-6,7,3',4'-TETRAMETHYLETHER
QUERCETIN 10 uM
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN 2.9 ug/ml
Fungicide
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ARTEANNUIN-B MIC=100-150 ug/ml
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
SCOPOLETIN 2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Sedative
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVONE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
STIGMASTEROL
THYMOL
Antimalarial
Chemicals (15)
ARTEMETIN (Synergic w artemisinin) IC50=26 uM
ARTEMISININ ED50=90 mg/kg orl mus
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
CASTICIN (Synergic w artemisinin)
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
EUPATORIN IC50=65 uM
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CUMINALDEHYDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Analgesic
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-AMYRIN
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
THYMOL
Allergenic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARVONE
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
THYMOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
ASCARIDOLE
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
SCOPOLETIN
Cytotoxic Arisawa, M., Hayashi, T., Shimizu, M., Morita, N., Bai, H., Kuze, S., and Ito, Y. Isolation And Cytotoxicity Of Two New Flavonoids From Chrysosplenium grayanum And Related Flavonols. J. Natural Products, 54(3): 898-901, 1991.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
ARTEMISININ IC50=30 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D ED50=14 ug/ml
EUPATORIN
ISOEUGENOL 25 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
QUERCETAGETIN-6,7,3',4'-TETRAMETHYLETHER
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
SCOPOLETIN
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
ARTEMISININ IC50=33 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Hepatoprotective Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=5.46 uM
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN IC50=1.29 uM
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Antimutagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (12)
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CHRYSOERIOL
COUMARIN
KAEMPFEROL ID50=10-40 nM
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
RHAMNETIN
SCOPOLETIN
Expectorant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ASTRAGALIN
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
THYMOL
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ARTEANNUIN-B MIC=100 ug/ml
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
QUERCETIN
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Insecticide
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
OCIMENE
PONTICAEPOXIDE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Antiedemic
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ARTEMETIN ED50=67
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
FRIEDELAN-3-BETA-OL IC18=190 uM/kg orl rat
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
SCOPOLETIN
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
QUERCETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Choleretic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
KAEMPFEROL
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (9)
ARTEMETIN IC50=26 uM
ARTEMISININ IC50=1.4 nM
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
CASTICIN IC50=24 uM
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
EUPATORIN IC50=65 uM
QUERCETIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BETA-AMYRIN
KAEMPFEROL 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
QUERCETIN
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (9)
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antiallergic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
ASTRAGALIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.1 ug/ml
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
Transdermal
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anesthetic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
SCOPOLETIN
THYMOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 60 uM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
SCOPOLETIN
Hypotensive Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
ASTRAGALIN
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SCOPARONE 5-20 mg/kg ivn
SCOPOLETIN
Diuretic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
FRIEDELIN
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
CNS-Stimulant Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
SCOPOLETIN
Carminative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiplaque
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antiradicular
Chemicals (7)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
KAEMPFEROL 7 x quercetin
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
RHAMNETIN 7 x quercetin
SCOPARONE
THYMOL EC=60
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN 10 nM
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Estrogenic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
STIGMASTEROL
Antihistaminic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
MENTHOL
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-TERPINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
Antiaggregant Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
COUMARIN
ISOEUGENOL IC50=0.72 uM
KAEMPFEROL 30 uM
MENTHOL IC50=750
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
SCOPOLETIN IC89=2 mM
VERBENONE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL
KAEMPFEROL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
THYMOL
Parasiticide
Chemicals (6)
ARTEMETIN IC50=26 uM
CASTICIN IC50=24 uM
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D IC50=32 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
EUPATORIN IC50=65 uM
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
SCOPARONE 40-80 mg/kg ipr
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Vasodilator
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
Antiacne
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
QUERCIMERITRIN
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
SABINOL
THYMOL
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
CARVACROL #NAME?
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM) =20
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ASTRAGALIN ID50=180 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.73 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
RHAMNETIN IC50=1.29 uM
SCOPOLETIN IC50=65 uM
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Carcinogenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
Protisticide Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ARTEMETIN IC50=26 uM
CASTICIN IC50=24 uM
CHRYSOSPLENETIN IC50=23 uM
KAEMPFEROL
Anticancer
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIMONENE
RHAMNETIN
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.99 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (5)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
SCOPOLETIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (5)
CARVACROL
DELTA-CADINENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20 uM
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM
QUERCETIN 6 uM
RHAMNETIN
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC>37=1,000 uM
KAEMPFEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
QUERCETIN <40 uM
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CHRYSOERIOL
LUTEOLIN
LUTEOLIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
QUERCETIN
Antitussive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
LUTEOLIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Hypocholesterolemic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
LUTEOLIN
OCTACOSANOL
SCOPARONE
STIGMASTEROL
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
KAEMPFEROL IC12=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
SCOPOLETIN
Antitumor-Promoter Yasukawa, K., Takido, M., Takeuchi, M., Sato, Y., Nitta, K., and Nakagawa, S. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Flavonol Glycosides on 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-Induced Tumor Promotion. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(3): 774-776, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (4)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antirhinoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (4)
AXILLARIN
CHRYSOERIOL
CHRYSOSPLENOL-D
PENDULETIN
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCIMERITRIN
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=<15 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CIRSILIOL
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
Candidistat
Chemicals (4)
CARVONE
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (4)
BETA-AMYRIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
RHAMNETIN
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
Counterirritant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (4)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
ISOEUGENOL
LINALOOL
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Constantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ISORHAMNETIN
KAEMPFEROL
SCOPOLETIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Convulsant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
MENTHOL
Emetic
Chemicals (4)
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
EUPATORIN
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (4)
ARTEMISININ IC50=190 uM gpg
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
MENTHOL
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
THYMOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (4)
COUMARIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ARTEMISININ
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Antipolio
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN
PENDULETIN
QUERCETIN
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
EUPATORIN ED50=4.6
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
KAEMPFEROL ID50=230 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
QUERCETIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (3)
ARTEMISININ
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (3)
BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
SCOPOLETIN
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
Antitumor (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
APIGENIN
LIMONENE
Differentiator
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
QUERCETIN
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CARVACROL
SCOPOLETIN
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
SCOPARONE
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
PATULETIN
SCOPARONE
SCOPOLETIN
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
CIRSILIOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
QUERCETIN
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Bacteristat
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
ISOEUGENOL
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Vulnerary
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL ED50=228 ug/g mus
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
QUERCETIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 4 uM
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
QUERCETIN
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=13.9 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
QUERCETIN
Antifertility
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Inotropic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
APIGENIN
SCOPOLETIN
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (3)
ASTRAGALIN
COUMARIN
EUPATORIN
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
QUERCETIN
Fungistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
ISOEUGENOL 100 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
QUERCETIN
THYMOL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
LUTEOLIN
Anticataract
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
QUERCETIN
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
CUMINALDEHYDE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
CIRSILINEOL IC37=1,000 uM
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
MENTHOL
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
SCOPARONE
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM)=20
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COUMARIN
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=50-150 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Anticholinergic
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN
MENTHOL
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
QUERCETIN
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL ED50=228 ug/g mus
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Ancylostomicide
Chemicals (2)
ASCARIDOLE
THYMOL
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
OCTACOSANOL
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
THYMOL
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
LINALOOL
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Antielastase
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
SCOPARONE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN
Teratologic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
QUERCETIN
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
OCTACOSANOL 2.2 mg/kg orl gpg
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiischemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
SCOPARONE
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
QUERCETIN
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
THYMOL
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Androgenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OCTACOSANOL
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
CAMPHOR
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Schizonticide
Chemicals (1)
ARTEMISININ MIC=0.1 uM
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Aedifuge
Chemicals (1)
PONTICAEPOXIDE
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Uterosedative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antileukotrienogenic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SABINOL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Emmenagogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SABINOL
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipeptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiadrenergic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Trypsin-Enhancer Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-ACETATE
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
SCOPARONE 10-30 uM
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
MDR-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ARTEMISININ IC50=2 uM
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antimitotic Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiserotonin
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 200 mg/kg ipr rat
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
Antiflatulent
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antituberculic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antibronchoconstrictor
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Cardiac Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPARONE
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Phytoalexin
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Sunscreen
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
OCTACOSANOL 1-15 mg day
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
RHAMNETIN
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiretinopathic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPARONE
Narcotic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=64
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 23 uM
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE
Antiburn Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Teratogenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ARTEMISININ
Capillarigenic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.