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Activities: 487
All Chemicals: 239
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
(+)-5,5'-DIMETHOXYLARICIRESINOL Root-- 22.0 *
(-)-ERODICTYOL Root-- 7.0 *
(2R,3R)-2',3,5,6',7-PENTAHYDROXYFLAVONONE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
1-PHENYL-BUTANE-1,3-DIONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
2',3',5,7-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVONE Root-- 6.4 *
2',3,5,6',7-PENTAHYDROXY-2(R),3(R)-FLAVANONE Root-- 420.0 *
2',3,5,6',7-PENTAHYDROXYFLAVANONE Root-- 120.0 *
2',3,5,6',7-PENTAHYDROXYFLAVONE Root-- 10.0 *
2',3,5,6',7-PENTAMETHOXYFLAVANONE Root-- 674.0 *
2',5,5',7-TETRAHYDROXY-6',8-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root17.0 356.0 *
2',5,5',7-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVONE Root-- 3.5 *
2',5,5'-TRIHYDROXY-6,7,8-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 4.0 *
2',5,5'-TRIHYDROXY-7,8-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- -- *
2',5,6',7-TETRAHYDROXY-2(S)-FLAVANONE Root-- 380.0 *
2',5,6',7-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVANONE Stem-- -- *
2',5,6',7-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVANONE Root-- -- *
2',5,6',7-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVONE Root-- -- *
2',5,6'-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVANONE Root-- -- *
2',5,6'-TRIHYDROXY-7,8-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 7.0 *
2',5,7-TRIHYDROXY-6',8-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 9.0 *
2',5,7-TRIHYDROXY-6',8-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 7.0 *
2',5,7-TRIHYDROXY-6'-METHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 4.0 *
2',5,7-TRIHYDROXY-8-METHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 6.0 *
2',5,7-TRIHYDROXYFLAVONE Root-- 6.0 *
2',5,8-TRIHYDROXY-6,7-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 200.0 *
2'-METHYLSKULLCAPFLAVONE Root-- -- *
2(S),2',5,6',7-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVANONE Root-- 230.0 *
2,2',4',6-TETRAHYDROXY-6'-METHOXYCHALCONE Root-- 5.0 *
2,3-DIHYDROBENZOFURAN Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (1)
Prooxidant
2-FORMYL-PYRROLE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-HYDROXYACETOPHENONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-METHYL-BENZYL-ALCOHOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-PENTYL-FURAN Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
2-PHENYL-BUTAN-2-ONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
2S-2',5,6',7-TETRAHYDROXYFLAVONONE Root-- -- Abstract (See species file)
3-PHENYL-FURAN Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
3-PHENYL-PROP-2-EN-1-AL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
4',5,7-TRIHYDROXY-6-METHOXY-FLAVANONE Root-- 115.0 *
4',5,7-TRIHYDROXY-8-METHOXYFLAVONE Root20.0 30.0 *
4-ETHENYLGUAIACOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
4-METHOXY-ACETOPHENONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
4-METHOXY-BENZALDEHYDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
4-PHENYL-BUT-CIS-3-EN-2-ONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
4-PHENYL-BUT-TRANS-3-EN-2-ONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
5,2',5'-TRIHYDROXY-6,7,8-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- -- Abstract (See species file)
5,7,2',5'-TETRAHYDROXY-8,6'-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- -- Abstract (See species file)
5,7,2'-TRIHYDROXY-8-METHOXYFLAVONE Root-- -- Abstract (See species file)
5,7,2'-TRIHYDROXYFLAVONE Root-- -- Abstract (See species file)
5,7-DIHYDROXY-6-METHOXYFLAVONE Root-- -- *
5,8-DIHYDROXY-6,7-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 50.0 *
5-HYDROXY-7,8-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Root-- 5.0 *
5-METHYL-FUR-2-ALDEHYDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
7-METHOXY-BAICALEIN Root-- -- *
ACETIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (16)
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial 5,000 ppm
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Antisalmonella
Antivaginitic 1-2%
Expectorant Martindale's 28th
Fungicide Martindale's 29th
Keratitigenic
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Osteolytic
Perfumery FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppmAloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Ulcerogenic HerbalGram No. 20, page 9.
Verrucolytic
ACETOPHENONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antibacterial
Fungicide Tomas-Barberan, F., Iniesta-Sanmartin, E., Tomas-Lorente, F., and Rumbero, A. 1989. Antimicrobial Phenolic Compounds From Three Spanish Helichrysum Species. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1093-1095. 1990.
Hypnotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery FEMA <10,000
Pesticide
Soporific Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
ACETYLPYRROLE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
ALPHA-CUBEBENE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
APIGENIN Leaf-- 60.0 *
Activities (101)
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
AntiADD
AntiHIV IC72=200 ug/ml
AntiHIV IC50=143 ug/ml
Antiaflatoxin IC50=9.52 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=2.57 ppm
Antiaggregant
Antiaging
Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiangiogenic 4 uM
Antiarrhythmic
Antibacterial Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
Anticancer (Lung)
Anticomplementary
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiherpetic 20-54 ug/ml
Antihistaminic IC50=10-35 uM
Antiinflammatory #NAME?
Antiinflammatory IC~65=1,000 uM
Antileukemic 20-50 uM
Antimelanomic 1-50 uM
Antimetastatic 1-50 uM
Antimutagenic ID50=10-40 nMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.55 ug/ml
Antioxidant 1.5 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC28.5=62.5 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Antiproliferant 1-50 uM
Antiproliferant IC50=155 uM
Antispasmodic EC50=1-5 uM
Antistress 10 mg/kg
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor 1-50 uM
Antitumor (Breast) 1-50 uM
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antiviral 20-54 ug/ml
Anxiolytic 10 mg/kg
Apoptotic 12-60 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC65=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor IC50=~40 uM
CNS-Depressant
COX-1-Inhibitor IC65=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC>65=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC50=<15 uM
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Choleretic
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic IC88=10 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Cytotoxic 1-50 uM
Cytotoxic IC50=9.5 uM
DNA-Protective
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Differentiator MIC=30 uM
Differentiator IC40=40 uM
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Estrogenic 16% genistein
Estrogenic EC50=1 uM
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor IC50+=50-250 uM
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
IKK-Inhibitor
Inotropic
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor
MAPK-Inhibitor
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Mutagenic
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
P21-Inducer 10-70 uM
PKC-Inhibitor IC50=10 uM
PTK-Inhibitor 10-100 uM
Pesticide
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Progestational
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor IC50=10-40 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 20 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Radioprotective
Sedative 30-100 mg/kg
Sunscreen
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.27 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 50 ug/mlAzuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC28=18 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC45=180 uM
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor IC50=2-7 uM
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 0.36 uM
iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=<15 uM
APIGENIN-7-O-GLUCURONIDE Leaf-- 40.0 *
ARGININE Root-- -- *
Activities (14)
Antidiabetic? Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antihepatitic Martindale's 29th
Antihypertensive
Antiimpotence
Antiinfertility 4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antioxidant?
Aphrodisiac 3 g/day
Diuretic
Hypoammonemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NO-Genic
Pituitary-Stimulant
Spermigenic 4 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Vasodilator
ARSENIC Root-- 0.18 -0.2 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Activities (2)
Anorexic Forest H. Nielsen, USDA, Grand Forks, various publications.
Pesticide
ASPARTIC-ACID Root-- -- *
Activities (3)
Antimorphinic Martindale's 28th
Neuroexcitant Martindale's 28th
Roborant Merck 11th Edition
BAICALEIN Root1000.0 54000.0 *
Activities (50)
12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-Inhibitor 9.3 uM
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.98 ppmKohda, H., Tanaka, S., Yamaoka, Y., Yahara, S., Nohara, T., Tanimoto, T., Tanaka, A. 1989. Studies on Lens-Aldose-Reductase Inhibitor in Medicinal Plants.II Active Constituents of Monochasma savatierii FRANCH, et MAXIM. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(11):3153-3154
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC62=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.98 rbtKohda, H., Tanaka, S., Yamaoka, Y., Yahara, S., Nohara, T., Tanimoto, T., Tanaka, A. 1989. Studies on Lens-Aldose-Reductase Inhibitor in Medicinal Plants.II Active Constituents of Monochasma savatierii FRANCH, et MAXIM. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(11):3153-3154
AntiHIV
Antiacne
Antiaggregant ED50=120-200 mg/kgButenko, I.G., Gladtchenko, S.V., and Galushko, S.V. Anti-inflammatory properties and inhibition of leukotriene C4 biosynthesis in vitro by flavonoid baicalein from Scutellaria baicalensis georgy roots. Agents Actions 39: C49, 1993.
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiarthritic IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=3.5-8.6 uM
Antibacterial Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Anticolitic 20 mg/kg
Antidermatitic
Antidote (Strychnine) 10 mg musHuang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiedemic IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiflu Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antigenotoxic IC50=22-34 uM
Antihepatomic
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiinflammatory IC50=0.1-5 uM
Antileukemic IC50=0.26 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 2 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antimutagenic
Antiproliferative Huang, H-C., Wang, H-R., and Hsieh, L-M. 1993. Antiproliferative effect of baicalein, a flavonoid from a Chinese herb, on vascular smooth muscle cell. European J. of Pharmacology 251: 91-93, 1994.
Antipyretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiretroviral
Antithrombotic IC50=3.5-8.6 uM
Antithrombotic IC50=3.7 uM
Antitoxin (Strychnine) 10 mg musHuang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiviral Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Apoptotic
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
COX-1-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlFukutake, M., Yokota, S., Kawamura, H., Iizuka, A., Amagaya, S., Fukuda, K., Komatsu, Y. 1998. Inhibitory effect of Coptidis rhizoma adn Scutellariae radix on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci formation in rat colon. Biol Pharm Bull, 21(8): 814-817
COX-2-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Diuretic
Fungicide
HIV-RT-Inhibitor 2 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hypocholesterolemic
Neuroprotective 10 uM
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 200 ug/mlMatsuzaki, Y., Kurokawa, N., Terai, S., Matsumura, Y., Kobayashi, N., Okita, K. 1996. Cell Death Induced by Baicalein in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines. Jap J Cancer Res, 87: 170-177.
Triglycerolytic
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=3 uM
BAICALEIN Stem-- 400.0 *
Activities (50)
12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-Inhibitor 9.3 uM
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.98 ppmKohda, H., Tanaka, S., Yamaoka, Y., Yahara, S., Nohara, T., Tanimoto, T., Tanaka, A. 1989. Studies on Lens-Aldose-Reductase Inhibitor in Medicinal Plants.II Active Constituents of Monochasma savatierii FRANCH, et MAXIM. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(11):3153-3154
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC62=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.98 rbtKohda, H., Tanaka, S., Yamaoka, Y., Yahara, S., Nohara, T., Tanimoto, T., Tanaka, A. 1989. Studies on Lens-Aldose-Reductase Inhibitor in Medicinal Plants.II Active Constituents of Monochasma savatierii FRANCH, et MAXIM. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(11):3153-3154
AntiHIV
Antiacne
Antiaggregant ED50=120-200 mg/kgButenko, I.G., Gladtchenko, S.V., and Galushko, S.V. Anti-inflammatory properties and inhibition of leukotriene C4 biosynthesis in vitro by flavonoid baicalein from Scutellaria baicalensis georgy roots. Agents Actions 39: C49, 1993.
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiarthritic IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=3.5-8.6 uM
Antibacterial Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Anticolitic 20 mg/kg
Antidermatitic
Antidote (Strychnine) 10 mg musHuang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiedemic IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiflu Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antigenotoxic IC50=22-34 uM
Antihepatomic
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiinflammatory IC50=0.1-5 uM
Antileukemic IC50=0.26 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 2 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antimutagenic
Antiproliferative Huang, H-C., Wang, H-R., and Hsieh, L-M. 1993. Antiproliferative effect of baicalein, a flavonoid from a Chinese herb, on vascular smooth muscle cell. European J. of Pharmacology 251: 91-93, 1994.
Antipyretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiretroviral
Antithrombotic IC50=3.5-8.6 uM
Antithrombotic IC50=3.7 uM
Antitoxin (Strychnine) 10 mg musHuang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiviral Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Apoptotic
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
COX-1-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlFukutake, M., Yokota, S., Kawamura, H., Iizuka, A., Amagaya, S., Fukuda, K., Komatsu, Y. 1998. Inhibitory effect of Coptidis rhizoma adn Scutellariae radix on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci formation in rat colon. Biol Pharm Bull, 21(8): 814-817
COX-2-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Diuretic
Fungicide
HIV-RT-Inhibitor 2 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hypocholesterolemic
Neuroprotective 10 uM
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 200 ug/mlMatsuzaki, Y., Kurokawa, N., Terai, S., Matsumura, Y., Kobayashi, N., Okita, K. 1996. Cell Death Induced by Baicalein in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines. Jap J Cancer Res, 87: 170-177.
Triglycerolytic
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=3 uM
BAICALEIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- 50.0 *
BAICALEIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- -- *
BAICALEIN-7-O-BETA-O-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- -- Abstract (See species file)
BAICALEIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
BAICALEIN-GLUCOSIDE Stem-- -- *
BAICALEIN-GLUCOSIDE Tissue Culture-- -- *
BAICALIN Root1000.0 206000.0 *
Activities (40)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC42=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=13.6 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
AntiHIV Cell Mol. Biol. Res. (Vol 39=1993)
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antianaphylactic Abe, K-i., Inoue, O., and Yumioka, E. 1989. Biliary Excretion of Metabolites of Baicalin and Baicalein in Rats. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(1): 208-211, 1990.
Antiarthritic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic
Antiedemic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antihepatomic
Antihepatotic 500 mg/man/day
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antilaryngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antinephritic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antioxidant Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Antipelvitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antipharyngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiproliferative
Antipyretic Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antithrombotic 0.1-1 mMJeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitonsilitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antitumor
Apoptotic
Chemopreventive
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Diuretic
Hepatoprotective Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Neuroprotective 10 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Sedative Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Tranquilizer
Triglycerolytic
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=215 uM
BAICALIN Tissue Culture-- -- *
Activities (40)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC42=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=13.6 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
AntiHIV Cell Mol. Biol. Res. (Vol 39=1993)
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antianaphylactic Abe, K-i., Inoue, O., and Yumioka, E. 1989. Biliary Excretion of Metabolites of Baicalin and Baicalein in Rats. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(1): 208-211, 1990.
Antiarthritic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic
Antiedemic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antihepatomic
Antihepatotic 500 mg/man/day
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antilaryngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antinephritic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antioxidant Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Antipelvitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antipharyngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiproliferative
Antipyretic Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antithrombotic 0.1-1 mMJeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitonsilitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antitumor
Apoptotic
Chemopreventive
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Diuretic
Hepatoprotective Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Neuroprotective 10 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Sedative Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Tranquilizer
Triglycerolytic
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=215 uM
BAICALIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (40)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC42=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=13.6 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
AntiHIV Cell Mol. Biol. Res. (Vol 39=1993)
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antianaphylactic Abe, K-i., Inoue, O., and Yumioka, E. 1989. Biliary Excretion of Metabolites of Baicalin and Baicalein in Rats. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(1): 208-211, 1990.
Antiarthritic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic
Antiedemic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antihepatomic
Antihepatotic 500 mg/man/day
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antilaryngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antinephritic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antioxidant Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Antipelvitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antipharyngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiproliferative
Antipyretic Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antithrombotic 0.1-1 mMJeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitonsilitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antitumor
Apoptotic
Chemopreventive
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Diuretic
Hepatoprotective Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Neuroprotective 10 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Sedative Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Tranquilizer
Triglycerolytic
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=215 uM
BAICALIN Stem5800.0 43000.0 *
Activities (40)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC42=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=13.6 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
AntiHIV Cell Mol. Biol. Res. (Vol 39=1993)
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antianaphylactic Abe, K-i., Inoue, O., and Yumioka, E. 1989. Biliary Excretion of Metabolites of Baicalin and Baicalein in Rats. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(1): 208-211, 1990.
Antiarthritic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antiasthmatic
Anticholinergic
Antiedemic IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antihepatomic
Antihepatotic 500 mg/man/day
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory IC37=10 mg/kg scu rat
Antilaryngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antinephritic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antioxidant Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Antipelvitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antipharyngitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiproliferative
Antipyretic Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Antispasmodic
Antithrombotic 0.1-1 mMJeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitonsilitic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antitumor
Apoptotic
Chemopreventive
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Diuretic
Hepatoprotective Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. 1997. Volume 7: 79.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Neuroprotective 10 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Sedative Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Tranquilizer
Triglycerolytic
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=215 uM
BAICALIN-7-GLUCURONIDE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
BAICALIN-A Plant-- -- Cell Mol. Biol. Res. (Vol 39=1993)
Activities (1)
AntiHIV Cell Mol. Biol. Res. (Vol 39=1993)
BAICALIN-GLUCURONIDE Root-- -- *
BAICALIN-METHYL-ESTER Root-- 27.0 *
BAICALINASE Root-- -- *
BENZOIC-ACID Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Activities (20)
Allergenic Martindale's 28th
Anesthetic
Antibacterial 33-1,250 ppm
Antibacterial MBC=800 ug/ml
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Antipyretic
Antisalmonella MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiseptic 800 ug/ml
Antiyeast MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Expectorant
FLavor FEMA 250Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=710 uM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=640 uM
Uricosuric
Vulnerary
BENZOIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (20)
Allergenic Martindale's 28th
Anesthetic
Antibacterial 33-1,250 ppm
Antibacterial MBC=800 ug/ml
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Antipyretic
Antisalmonella MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiseptic 800 ug/ml
Antiyeast MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Expectorant
FLavor FEMA 250Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=710 uM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=640 uM
Uricosuric
Vulnerary
BENZYL-O-BETA-D-APIOFURANOSYL-(1,2)-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- 13.0 *
BETA-DAMASCONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
BETA-ELEMENE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (5)
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antigliomic
Antiproliferant
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Apoptotic
BETA-EUDESMOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (13)
AntiEBV
Antianoxic ED60=300 orl musYamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.09 uM/ml
Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
Antisalmonella >0.18 uM/ml
Antitumor-Promoter?
Antiulcer
CNS-Inhibitor
Calcium-Antagonist 40 uM mus
Hepatoprotective
Neurogenic
Pesticide
Sedative
BETA-SITOSTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BUTA-1,3-DIENYLBENZENE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
BUTYLIDENE-PHTHALIDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (10)
Acaricide
Antianginal
Antiarrhythmic
Anticonstrictive
Antiinflammatory
Antiplatelet
Antispasmodic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 69.
Arteriodilator
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Emmenagogue Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
CALCIUM Root4630.0 10300.0 0.32 *
Activities (28)
AntiPMS 1 g/day
Antiallergic 500 mg/day
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiarrhythmic 500-1,500 mg
Antiarthritic 1,000 mg/day
Antiatherosclerotic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticlimacteric 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antiobesity
Antiosteoporotic 500-2,000 mg/day
Antiperiodontitic 750 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antirheumatic 1,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,500 mg/day
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic 500-1,500 mg/day
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Laxative 1,000-1,200 mg
Tranquilizer 500-1,500 mg/day
Vasodilator
CAMPESTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antioxidant IC37=10 uM
Hypocholesterolemic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
CARTHAMIDIN Leaf-- -- *
CARTHAMIDIN Plant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
CHRYSIN Stem-- -- *
Activities (60)
AntiHIV
AntiMDR
Antiaflatoxin IC50=8.19 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=2.08 ppm
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiangiogenic
Antibacillary
Antibacterial
Anticonvulsant
Antiestrogenic
Antigout
Antiherpetic 40-75 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Antihypertensive
Antileukemic >genistein
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiproliferant
Antiproliferant >genistein
Antiproliferant (colon)
Antisalmonella
Antishigellic
Antispasmodic Biochem Pharmacol, 40(10): 2227.
Antistaphylococcic
Antistress
Antithrombic
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antiviral 40-75 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC80=1 uM/l
CNS-Depressant
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Cancer-Preventive
Caspase-3-Inhibitor
Caspase-9-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >genistein
Cytotoxic
DNA-Protective
Estrogenic
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Hepatoprotective IC50=8.19 uM
Hepatoprotective IC50=2.08 ppm
Hypotensive
Hypouricemic
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
JNK-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor
Mutagenic
Myorelaxant
NO-Genic
Pesticide
Radioprotective
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Testosterogenic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Vasorelaxant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
CHRYSIN Leaf-- 40.0 *
Activities (60)
AntiHIV
AntiMDR
Antiaflatoxin IC50=8.19 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=2.08 ppm
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiangiogenic
Antibacillary
Antibacterial
Anticonvulsant
Antiestrogenic
Antigout
Antiherpetic 40-75 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Antihypertensive
Antileukemic >genistein
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiproliferant
Antiproliferant >genistein
Antiproliferant (colon)
Antisalmonella
Antishigellic
Antispasmodic Biochem Pharmacol, 40(10): 2227.
Antistaphylococcic
Antistress
Antithrombic
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antiviral 40-75 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC80=1 uM/l
CNS-Depressant
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Cancer-Preventive
Caspase-3-Inhibitor
Caspase-9-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >genistein
Cytotoxic
DNA-Protective
Estrogenic
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Hepatoprotective IC50=8.19 uM
Hepatoprotective IC50=2.08 ppm
Hypotensive
Hypouricemic
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
JNK-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor
Mutagenic
Myorelaxant
NO-Genic
Pesticide
Radioprotective
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Testosterogenic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Vasorelaxant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
CHRYSIN Root3.0 800.0 *
Activities (60)
AntiHIV
AntiMDR
Antiaflatoxin IC50=8.19 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=2.08 ppm
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiangiogenic
Antibacillary
Antibacterial
Anticonvulsant
Antiestrogenic
Antigout
Antiherpetic 40-75 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Antihypertensive
Antileukemic >genistein
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiproliferant
Antiproliferant >genistein
Antiproliferant (colon)
Antisalmonella
Antishigellic
Antispasmodic Biochem Pharmacol, 40(10): 2227.
Antistaphylococcic
Antistress
Antithrombic
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antiviral 40-75 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC80=1 uM/l
CNS-Depressant
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Cancer-Preventive
Caspase-3-Inhibitor
Caspase-9-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >genistein
Cytotoxic
DNA-Protective
Estrogenic
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Hepatoprotective IC50=8.19 uM
Hepatoprotective IC50=2.08 ppm
Hypotensive
Hypouricemic
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
JNK-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor
Mutagenic
Myorelaxant
NO-Genic
Pesticide
Radioprotective
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Testosterogenic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Vasorelaxant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
CHRYSIN-6-C-ALPHA-L-ARABINOSIDE-8-C-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- 2000.0 *
CHRYSIN-6-C-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- -- *
CHRYSIN-6-C-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE-8-C-ALPHA-L-ARABINOSIDE Root-- 100.0 *
CHRYSIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- 43.0 *
CHRYSIN-8-C-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- 46.0 *
CNIDILIDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (5)
Antiinflammatory
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Emmenagogue
Fungicide
Pesticide
COPPER Root13.0 18.0 0.7 *
Activities (12)
Antianemic
Antiarthritic
Antidiabetic 2-4 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antifatigue
Antiinflammatory Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antinociceptive Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Cardioprotective
Contraceptive Martindale's 28th
Hypocholesterolemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Immunomodulator
Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
CYCLOOCTA-1,3,5,7-TETRAENE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
D-GLUCOSE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (1)
Antisecretory
DARENDROSIDE-A Root-- 16.0 *
DARENDROSIDE-B Root-- 18.0 *
DAUCOSTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (5)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity, 31.9% inhibition)Fujita, T., Ohira, K., Miyatake, K., Nakano, Y., Nakayama, M. 1995. Inhibitory Effect of Perillosides A and C, Related Monoterpene Glucosides on Aldose Reductase and Their Structure-Activity Relationships. Chem Pharm Bull, 43(6): 920-926.
Antileukemic
Antispasmodic 20 mg/kg=ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Antitumor
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
DECANOIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (3)
FLavor FEMA <1-1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 45: 270.
Pesticide
DICHLOROOROXYLIN-A Tissue Culture-- -- *
DIHYDROBAICALIN Root-- 5.0 *
DIHYDROOROXYLIN Root-- -- *
DIHYDROOROXYLIN Plant-- -- *
DIHYDROOROXYLIN-A Stem-- -- *
DIHYDROOROXYLIN-A Plant-- -- *
DIHYDROOROXYLIN-A Root-- 9.0 *
ELEMICIN Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (16)
Antiaggregant IC50=360 uMJanssens, J., Laekeman, G.M., Pieters, L.A.C., Totte, J., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. 1990. Nutmeg Oil: Identification and Quantitation of its Most Active Constituents as Inhibitors of Platelet Aggregation. J.of Ethnopharmacology, 29: 179-188, 1990.
Antidepressant ihlJim Duke's personal files.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antihistaminic
Antiserotonic Internat. J. Oriental Med. 15(4): 199, 1990+
Antistress ihlJim Duke's personal files.
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Fungicide MIC=8 ug
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Hypotensive ihlJim Duke's personal files.
Insecticide 100 ppm
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvicide 100 ppm
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Pesticide
Schistosomicide Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
EUGENOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (76)
Acaricide LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
Allergenic
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Anesthetic 200-400Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
AntiTNF
Antiaggregant IC50=0.3 uMPhytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Antiarachidonate
Antibacterial 500 ppmValnet, J. 1982. The Practice of Aromatherapy. Translated from the 1980 French Edition by Robin Campbell and Libby Houston. Destiny Books, New York. 279 pp.
Antibacterial MBC=400 ug/ml
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiedemic 100Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antigenotoxic 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antiherpetic IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
Antikeratotic IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antinitrosating
Antioxidant IC65=30 ppm
Antioxidant 10 uM
Antiprostaglandin 11 uM
Antiprostaglandin IC50=9.2 mM
Antipyretic 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular EC50=2 ul/l
Antisalmonella MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic 3 ml/man/day
Antiseptic 400 ug/ml
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
COX-1-Inhibitor IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC>97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC50=129 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=224 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=200 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Choleretic
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Cytotoxic 25 ug/mlPhytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Dermatitigenic
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
FLavor FEMA 10-500Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Hepatoprotective 100 ppm
Herbicide
Insecticide
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvicide
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Nematicide MLC=2,000 ug/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 1 mM rbtChen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=9.2 uM
Sedative
Termiticide LD100=5 mg/g
Trichomonicide LD100=300 ug/ml
Trichomonistat IC50=10 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Varroacide
Vasodilator
Vermifuge
FERRUGINOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Pesticide
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
FLUORIDE Root-- 3.5 -0.71 *
Activities (3)
Anticariogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoporotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteosclerotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
GANHUANGENIN Root-- -- *
GERANYL-ACETONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery FragranceZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GLUTAMIC-ACID Root-- -- *
Activities (8)
Antialkali? 500-1,000 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antiepileptic
Antihyperammonemic Martindale's 29th
Antilithic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiprostatitic 125-250 mg 3 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiretardation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anxiolytic Merck 11th Edition
Neurotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLYCINE Root-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antiacid Martindale's 29th
Antialdosteronic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidote (Hypoglycin-A) Martindale's 29th
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Antiprostatitic 125-250 mg 3 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Antisickling Ekeke, G.I. and Shode, F.O. 1988. Phenylalanine is the Predominant Antisickling Agent in Cajanus cajan Seed Extract. Planta Medica 56(1): 41, 1990.
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Neuroinhibitor Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Uricosuric
GUAIACOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (18)
Anesthetic
Antibacterial 8,000 ppmValnet, J. 1982. The Practice of Aromatherapy. Translated from the 1980 French Edition by Robin Campbell and Libby Houston. Destiny Books, New York. 279 pp.
Antidermatitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antieczemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiesophagitic Martindale's 29th
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Antituberculic
Cardiodepressant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Cardiotonic
Dermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Emetic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Expectorant 0.3-0.6 ml/manMartindale's 28th
FLavor FEMA <1-1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=57 uMAlanko, J., et al. 1999. Modulation of Arachidonic Acid Metabolism by Phenols: Relation to their Structure and Antioxidant/Proooxidant Properties. Free Radical Biol Med, 26(1/2): 193-201.
Transdermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
HEDYOTOL-C-4''-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- 38.0 *
HEDYOTOL-D-4''-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- 32.0 *
HEPTANOIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEXAHYDROFARNESYL-ACETONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
HEXANO-4-LACTONE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
HUANGQIN Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
INDOLE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (15)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antiacne
Antibacterial MIC=800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antibacterial MBC=800 ug/ml
Anticariogenic MIC=800 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Antisalmonella MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiseptic 800 ug/ml
Antistreptococcic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery FragranceZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Pesticide
Tumorigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
IRON Root170.0 220.0 -0.12 *
Activities (6)
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Antianemic Martindale's 29th
Anticanker
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenorrhagic 100 mg/day/wmn/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prooxidant
ISOCARTHAMIDIN Plant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
ISOCARTHAMIDIN Leaf-- -- *
ISOEUGENOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (16)
Allergenic
AntiTNF
Antiaggregant IC50=0.72 uMLaekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant IC79=30 ppm
Antitumor
Bacteristat
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Cytotoxic 25 ug/mlLaekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Fungistat 100 ug/mlLaekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Pesticide
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Trichomonistat IC50=10 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
ISOMARTYNOSIDE Root-- 23.0 *
ISOSCUTELLAREIN Leaf-- 6.0 *
Activities (2)
Antiflu Sanchez, I., Gomez-Garibay, F., Taboada, J., Ruiz, B. H. 2000. Antiviral Effect of Flavonoids on the Dengue Virus. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 89-92.
Antiviral Sanchez, I., Gomez-Garibay, F., Taboada, J., Ruiz, B. H. 2000. Antiviral Effect of Flavonoids on the Dengue Virus. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 89-92.
ISOSCUTELLAREIN-8-O-GLUCURONIDE Leaf-- 30.0 *
ISOWOGONIN Plant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
KOGANEBANAIN Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
KOGANEBANANIN Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
LEUCINE Root-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
LEUCOSCEPTOSIDE-A Root-- 0.013 *
LIGUSTILIDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (7)
Antiarrhythmic
Antiasthmatic
Anticonstrictive
Antiprostaglandin
Antispasmodic
Myorelaxant
Tracheorelaxant
LINALOOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (53)
Acaricide C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
Allergenic
Analgesic
Anesthetic 0.01-1 ug/ml
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antianaphylactic
Antibacterial MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Anticariogenic MIC=1,600 ug/mlMuroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Anticolic
Anticonvulsant 200 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiedemic
Antiglutamaergic
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antilymphomic IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antimange
Antimite
Antimutagenic
Antiseptic 5 x phenolWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Antiviral
Barbituate-Synergist
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
CNS-Depressant
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidistat
Carminative
Culicide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cytotoxic
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-40Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
GABA-nergic
Hypnotic
Hypothermic
Insecticide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Larvicide LC50=156-194 mg/l
Mosquitofuge > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Sedative ED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Sedative 200 mg/kg ipr mus (1% as active as diazepam)
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Trichomonicide LD100=600 ug/ml
Tumor-Promoter
LYSINE Root-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antialkalotic Martindale's 29th
Antiherpetic 0.5-3 g/day
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypoarginanemic 250 mg/kgMartindale's 29th
MAGNESIUM Root7170.0 7220.0 2.48 *
Activities (65)
AntiCFS
AntiLyme 400-1,000 mg
AntiMS
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn/orl
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn orl
AntiRaynaud's 280-350 mg/day
Antiaggregant 400 mg/day
Antialcoholic
Antianginal 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antianorectic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antianxiety 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiarrhythmic 400 mg/day
Antiarthritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiatherosclerotic 400 mg/day
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric 500-750 mg/day
Anticonvulsant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Anticoronary 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic 400-800 mg/man/day
Antidysmenorrheic 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiendometriotic 500 mg/day
Antienterotic
Antiepileptic 450 mg/day
Antifatigue
Antifibromyalgic 200-300 mg 3x/day
Antigastrotic
Antiglaucomic
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antihypoglycemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiinflammatory 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antilithic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimastalgic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimenopausal 500-750 mg/day
Antimigraine 200 mg/day/manWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Antinephrolytic
Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoporotic 500-1,000 mg/day/wmn/orl
Antiplaque 500-1,000 mg/day
Antiretinopathic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antispasmodic
Antispasmophilic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antistress 500-750 mg/day
Antistroke 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antisyndrome-X 400 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Anxiolytic 500-750 mg/day
CNS-Depressant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 260-500 mg/day
Immunomodulator
Insulinogenic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Laxative 300-500 mg/day
Litholytic
Myorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Neurotransmitter
Tranquilizer 500-750 mg/day
Uterorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Vasodilator
MALTOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (11)
Anticonvulsant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antifatigue Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antioxidant
CNS-Sedative Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
FLavor FEMA 5-250Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungistat 1,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Pesticide
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Sweetener Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
MANGANESE Root18.0 29.0 -0.2 *
Activities (14)
AntiPMS
Antialcoholic Forest H. Nielsen, USDA, Grand Forks, various publications.
Antianemic Martindale's 28th
Antiarthritic
Antidiabetic 3-5 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antidiabetic 10-30 mg/man/day
Antidiscotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Antiepileptic 450 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antioxidant
Antisyndrome-X 10-30 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Hypoglycemic 10-30 mg/man/day
MELATONIN Leaf-- 7.0 -0.71 *
Activities (23)
Anaphrodisiac Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiaggregant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticonvulsant 25 ug/gerbil/scuMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antidepressant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antigonadotrophic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiinsomniac 0.1-10 mg/man
Antioxidant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiradicular 0.2-0.4 mg/kg
Antithyreotropic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Aphrodisiac Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
COX-2-Inhibitor Newmark, T. M. and Schulick, P. 2000. Herbal Cox-2 Inhibition - Nature's Challenge to Arthritis, Cancer & Alzheimer's Disease. Hohm Press, Prescott AZ.
Contraceptive Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Depressant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
GABA-nergic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Gonadotrophic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypnotic 0.1-0.3 mg/man
Hypocholesterolemic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypothermic 1-10 mg/man
Immunostimulant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Progesteronigenic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Serotoninergic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Thyrotropic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
MERCURY Root-- 0.08 -0.22 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Activities (1)
Nephrotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
METHIONINE Root-- -- *
Activities (15)
Anticataract Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidote (Acetaminophen) 10 g/16hr/man/orlMartindale's 29th
Antidote (Paracetamol) 10 g/16hr/man/orlMartindale's 29th
Antieczemic
Antihepatotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antioxidant
Antiparkinsonian 1-5 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Glutathionigenic Martindale's 29th
Hepatoprotective
Lipotropic Merck 11th Edition
Urine-Acidifier 200 mg/3x/day/man/orlMartindale's 28th
Urine-Deodorant Martindale's 29th
N-BUTYLPHTHALIDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (1)
Anticonvulsant Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
N-DOCOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-DODECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-EICOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-HENEICOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-HEPTACOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-HEPTADECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-HEXACOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
Bacteristat
Pesticide
N-HEXADECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-NONADECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-OCTADECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-PENTACOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-PENTADECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-TETRACOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-TETRADECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-TRICOSANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
N-TRIDECANE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
NEOBAICALEIN Plant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
NEOBAICALEIN Root-- -- *
NEOCNIDILIDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
NONANOIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 1-15Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
NORWOGONIN Root-- 10.0 *
O-CRESOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (6)
Allelochemic IC50=0.36 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Pesticide
Rodenticide LD 50=620 cut rat
OCHRACIN Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
OCTANOIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (5)
Candidicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 3-20Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
OLEIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (18)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Allergenic
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Anemiagenic
Antialopecic
Antiandrogenic
Antiinflammatory IC50=21 uM
Antileukotriene-D4 IC50=21 uM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Choleretic 5 ml/man
Dermatitigenic
FLavor FEMA 1-30Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant Merck 11th Edition
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Propecic
OROXYLIN Root-- -- *
OROXYLIN-A Root110.0 415.0 *
Activities (4)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=52 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antithrombic
OROXYLIN-A Plant-- -- *
Activities (4)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=52 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antithrombic
OROXYLIN-A Stem-- -- *
Activities (4)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=52 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antithrombic
OROXYLIN-A-7-O-GLUCURONIDE Root1000.0 41000.0 *
OROXYLIN-A-7-O-GLUCURONIDE-METHYL-ESTER Root-- 100.0 *
OROXYLIN-A-GLUCURONIDE Root-- -- *
OROXYLIN-A-GLUCURONIDE Stem-- -- *
P-CRESOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (8)
Allelochemic IC50=1.13 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
FLavor FEMA <1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Parasiticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Rodenticide LD50=1,100 cut rat
PAEONOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (20)
Adaptogenic
Analgesic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiaggregant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antibacterial
Antiedemic
Antigastric
Antiinflammatory
Antimutagenic
Antipyretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antistaphylococcic
Antistress Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antivasculitic
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Fungicide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hypothermic
Immunomodulator
Pesticide
Sedative Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
PALMITIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (13)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antialopecic
Antiandrogenic
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Antioxidant IC40=60
FLavor FEMA 1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pesticide
Propecic
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PALMITIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
PHENOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (26)
Analgesic Martindale's 29th
Anesthetic
AntiMS Martindale's 29th
Antibacterial
Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 28th
Antihydrocoele Martindale's 29th
Antiincontinence Martindale's 29th
Antionychogryphotic Martindale's 28th
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Antiprostatitic Martindale's 29th
Antipyruvetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiseptic
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Antispastic Martindale's 28th
Antiviral Martindale's 29th
Antiwrinkle Martindale's 28th
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Fungicide Martindale's 29th
Hemolytic 5,400 ppmMartindale's 28th
Pesticide
Rodenticide LD50=1,040 cut rat
Vasodilator
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.8-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
PHENYL-ETHYL-ALCOHOL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
PHENYLALANINE Root-- -- *
Activities (7)
AntiADD 587 mg/day/orlMartindale's 29th
Antidepressant 50-4,000 mg/day/man
Antiparkinsonian 200-500 mg/day/manMartindale's 28th
Antisickling 690 ug/ml
Antivitiligic 100 mg/kg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Tremorigenic 1,600-12,600 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
PHTHALIC-ACID-DIBUTYL-ESTER Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
PHTHALIC-ACID-DIOCTYL-ESTER Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
POTASSIUM Root6200.0 9120.0 -0.49 *
Activities (14)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antiarrhythmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifatigue Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antispasmodic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antistroke
Anxiolytic
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective 3,000-5,000 mg
Cardiotoxic 18,000 mg/man/day
Diuretic
Hypotensive
Vasodilator
PROLINE Root-- -- *
RIVULARIN Root-- 50.0 *
SALIDROSIDE Root-- 8.0 *
Activities (1)
CNS-Stimulant
SALVIGENIN Leaf-- 4.0 *
SCUTEBAICALIN Shoot-- 184.0 *
SCUTELLAREIN Leaf-- 30.0 *
Activities (7)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC56=10uM; IC10=1uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Antihemolytic
Antileukemic IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antioxidant ED=uM
Antiviral IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor Somasundaram, S., Sadique, J. 1985. Anti-hemolytic Effect of Flavonoidal Glycosides of Clerodendron inerme: An in vitro Study. Fitoterapia 57(2): 103, 1986.
SCUTELLAREIN Root-- -- *
Activities (7)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC56=10uM; IC10=1uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Antihemolytic
Antileukemic IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antioxidant ED=uM
Antiviral IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor Somasundaram, S., Sadique, J. 1985. Anti-hemolytic Effect of Flavonoidal Glycosides of Clerodendron inerme: An in vitro Study. Fitoterapia 57(2): 103, 1986.
SCUTELLARIN Plant-- -- *
SCUTELLARIN Root-- -- *
SENKYUNOLIDE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
SERINE Root-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
SKULLCAPFLAVONE-I Root-- -- *
SKULLCAPFLAVONE-II Stem-- -- *
Activities (4)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 500 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Thrombolytic
SKULLCAPFLAVONE-II Root3.3 863.0 *
Activities (4)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 500 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Thrombolytic
SODIUM Root740.0 991.0 -0.05 *
Activities (1)
Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
STEARIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (8)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-4,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Propecic
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
STIGMASTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Antinociceptive
Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC33=10 uM
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ovulant
Sedative
SUCROSE Root-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Activities (14)
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antihiccup 1 tspMartindale's 29th
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Antioxidant Merck 11th Edition
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Sweetener 1 x sucroseMerck 11th Edition
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Vulnerary Martindale's 29th
SYRINGARESINOL-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- 52.0 *
TERPINEN-4-OL Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (23)
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antiacetylcholinesterase IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Antiallergic
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Antibacterial
Antioxidant
Antiseptic Flav. & Frag. J. 9: 129.
Antispasmodic
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Antiulcer
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Diuretic 0.1 ml/rat
Fungicide
Herbicide IC50=200 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Herbicide IC50=22 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Insectifuge
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Nematicide MLC=1 mg/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Pesticide
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Spermicide ED100=0.015
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
TETRADECANOIC-ACID Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
THREONINE Root-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antioxidant?
Antiulcer Martindale's 29th
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 1,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
TRANS-CARYOPHYLLENE Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
VANILLIN Root Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (28)
Allelochemic IC50=4.26 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic
Antianemic
Anticancer
Antidrepanocytic
Antiescherichic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilactobacillic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilisteria
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant #NAME?
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antisickling
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiyeast 8-30 mM
Bacteristat 10-40 mmol/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide 8-20 mM
Choleretic Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
FLavor FEMA 50-20,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Immunosuppressant
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Irritant
Perfumery
Pesticide
VERBASCOSIDE Root-- 74.0 *
Activities (20)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.39-15.1 uM
Analgesic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antibacterial
Antifeedant
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihypertensive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antiinflammatory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic ED50=2.6 ug/ml
Antioxidant ED50=1 uMSeidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Antiseptic
Antistaph
Antitumor
Cytotoxic ED50=2.6 ug/ml
Fungicide MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Hypertensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Immunosuppressant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PKC-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Phytoalexin
VISCIDULIN-III Root-- 37.0 *
VISCIDULIN-III-2'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE Root-- 100.0 *
WOGONIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (16)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC13=10uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=48 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Antibacterial
Antifertility 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Antiimplantation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory IC50=75Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileukemic IC50=0.160 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antioxidant
Antithrombic
Diuretic
Estrogenic 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Lipolytic
Pesticide
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Triglycerolytic
WOGONIN Stem-- 2100.0 *
Activities (16)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC13=10uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=48 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Antibacterial
Antifertility 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Antiimplantation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory IC50=75Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileukemic IC50=0.160 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antioxidant
Antithrombic
Diuretic
Estrogenic 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Lipolytic
Pesticide
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Triglycerolytic
WOGONIN Leaf-- 40.0 *
Activities (16)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC13=10uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=48 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Antibacterial
Antifertility 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Antiimplantation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory IC50=75Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileukemic IC50=0.160 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antioxidant
Antithrombic
Diuretic
Estrogenic 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Lipolytic
Pesticide
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Triglycerolytic
WOGONIN Root34.7 7300.0 *
Activities (16)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC13=10uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=48 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
Antiaggregant
Antibacterial
Antifertility 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Antiimplantation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory IC50=75Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileukemic IC50=0.160 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antioxidant
Antithrombic
Diuretic
Estrogenic 10 mg/kg/daySingh, P., Jain, S., Bhala, M., Goyal, R.B., Jayaprakash, D., and Lohiya, N.K. Wogonin, 5,7-Dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone as Oestrogenic and Anti-implantational Agent in the Rat. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 87, 1990.
Lipolytic
Pesticide
Sialidase-Inhibitor Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-93.
Triglycerolytic
WOGONIN-5-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- -- *
WOGONIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE Root-- -- *
WOGONIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCURONIDE-METHYL-ESTER Root-- -- *
WOGONIN-7-O-D-GLUCURONIDE Root-- -- *
WOGONIN-7-O-GLUCURONIC-ACID Tissue Culture-- -- *
WOGONIN-7-O-GLUCURONIDE Root119.0 54000.0 *
Activities (1)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=40 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
WOGONIN-7-O-GLUCURONIDE Stem-- 33200.0 *
Activities (1)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=40 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
WOGONIN-7-O-GLUCURONIDE-METHYL-ESTER Root-- 30.0 *
Activities (1)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=39 uM ratShin, K. H., Chae, Y. J., Chung, M. S., Lee, H. J. 1994. Effect of Flavonoids from Scutellariae radix on Cataract Formation and Polyol Accumulation in Rat Lens. Korean J Pharmacog, 25(1): 41-46.
WOGONIN-GLUCURONIDE Root-- -- *
WOGONOSIDE Root-- 39700.0 *
ZINC Root17.0 18.0 -0.27 *
Activities (77)
ACE-Inhibitor
Analgesic
AntiBPH 25-60 mg/day
AntiCrohn's Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
AntiHIV
Antiacne 135 mg/day
Antiacrodermatitic 8-34 mg/day/orl/chdMartindale's 29th
Antialcoholic
Antialopecic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antialzheimeran 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiangiogenic
Antianorexic Martindale's 29th
Antiarthritic 50 mg/3x/day/orl/man
Anticanker 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 30 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticoeliac Martindale's 28th
Anticold 50 mgDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticolitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticoronary 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidementia
Antidiabetic 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidote (Cadmium) Let's Live, May 1989.
Antidysgeuzic
Antieczemic 150 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Antiepileptic 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antifibrotic 30 mg
Antifuruncular 45 mg/3x/day/manMartindale's 28th
Antihangover 15 mg
Antiherpetic? 25-60 mg/day
Antiimpotence Martindale's 29th
Antiinfective 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinfertility 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antilepric Martindale's 29th
Antileukonychic
Antilymphomic
Antimaculitic
Antimetastatic
Antineuropathic
Antinyctalopic
Antiobesity 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiosteoporotic
Antiperiodontitic
Antiplaque Martindale's 29th
Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiprostatitic 50 mg/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antirheumatic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiseptic 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antispare-Tire 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antistomatitic 50 mg/man/3x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antisyndrome-X 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antitinnitic 60-120 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antitriglyceride 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antiulcer 50 mg/3x/day/manMartindale's 28th
Antiulcer 88 mg/rat/day/15 days
Antiviral? Martindale's 29th
Astringent Martindale's 28th
Collagenic
Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Deodorant Martindale's 29th
Detoxicant (Alcohol)
Ergogenic
Hypotensive 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Immunomodulator
Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Immunosuppressant 300 mg/day/6 wks/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Insulinogenic 30 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Leptingenic 30-60 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Spermigenic 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Testosteronigenic 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
Vulnerary Martindale's 28th
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.