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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
MENTHONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (7)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THYMOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant Tramil, 42: 511.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE IC50=750
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
PIPERITONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
THYMOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antihistaminic Ortiz De Urbina, A.V., Martin, M.L., Montero, M.J., Carron, R., Sevilla, M.A., San Roman, L. 1989. Antihistaminic activity of pulegone on the guinea-pig ileum. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 295-296, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antiinflammatory Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
LIMONENE
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (7)
CAMPHENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
PULEGONE
Antiradicular
Chemicals (2)
ISOMENTHONE
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
LIMONENE
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiulcer Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Candidicide Economou, D., and Nahrstedt, A. 1991. Chemical, Physiological, and Toxicological Aspects of the Essential Oil of Some Species of the Genus Bystropogon*. Planta Medica, 57: 347, 1991.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
THYMOL
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THYMOL
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermicide
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
THYMOL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.