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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
SCLAREOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
OLEIC-ACID
Allergenic?
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-3-CARENE
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
CAMPHOR
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
CAMPHOR
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
LINOLEIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
LINOLEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (24)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
GERANIAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SCLAREOL
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiburn Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BUTYRIC-ACID
CITRAL
LIMONENE
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
AntiEBV
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CADINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
TERPINOLENE
Antifertility
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
NEROL
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (5)
LIGNOCERIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
LINOLEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
DELTA-3-CARENE ipr
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antileukemic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Antioxidant
Chemicals (13)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
CITRAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antipeptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NERAL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CITRONELLOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLOL
NEROLIDOL
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antituberculic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Antitumor
Chemicals (9)
BENZALDEHYDE
BUTYRIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (5)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (3)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
CITRAL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Apoptotic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BUTYRIC-ACID
CITRAL
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
CITRAL
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAPRYLIC-ACID 300 mg/man/12 x/day
CITRONELLOL
GERANIOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
LINOLEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL ED50=228 ug/g mus
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
BEHENIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
STEARIC-ACID
Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-3-CARENE
OLEIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
URSOLIC-ACID
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Estrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
GERANIAL
NEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (26)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CADINENE FEMA 400-4,000
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
CITRONELLOL FEMA 1-50
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
DELTA-3-CARENE FEMA
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
LIMONENE
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
GERANIAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SCLAREOL IC100=80 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 211.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
CITRONELLOL IC50=160 uM
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hyperthermic HerbalGram No. 22 - Spring 1990, page 45.
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (5)
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PHELLANDRENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Larvicide Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
CUMINALDEHYDE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
LINALYL-ACETATE
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL MLC=100 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Nematistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID 880 ug/ml
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (22)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PINENE
CADINENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
NEROL
NEROLIDOL
NERYL-ACETATE
OLEIC-ACID
SCLAREOL
STEARIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (36)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BUTYRIC-ACID
CADINENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIAL
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MANOOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
NEROLIDOL
NERYL-ACETATE
PALMITIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SCLAREOL
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Propecic
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
CITRONELLOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
PHELLANDRENE
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MANOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
CUMINALDEHYDE
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Vasopressor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-BISABOLOL ED50=228 ug/g mus
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.